March 1861- Lincoln Elected Jan. 1861- South Secedes from Union July 1861- Battle of Bull Run Jan. 1863- Emancipation Proclamation April 9, 1865- Surrender of Lee’s Confederate Troops April 14, 1865- Assassination of President Lincoln May 4, 1865- Final Surrender of Confederate Army Important dates
Southern Reason’s for Leaving The Union... -the issue of states rights and the power of state governments to totally rule over its land and decide its own issues. -to protect the institution of slavery which they perceived as being threatened by the Republican Party and the Lincoln administration. Why War?
North’s Reasons for Not letting The South secede… -The North did not want the south to become their own territory. Why War?
On 12 April 1861 at 4:30 a.m. In Charleston, V.A. The Civil War began.
- Confederate forces fired on Union forces holding Fort Sumter, which was located in Charleston Harbor.
- Although most of the Confederate states had declared their secession from the Union before the Battle of Ft. Sumter, no shots had been fired, the mail continued to be delivered in both directions, as did telegraph messages and rail service. After Sumter was captured, the Union increased its military strength to recapture the fort, so the war continued and expanded.
The differences in among the North and South ultimatey led to splits in the churches during the Civil War.
The Presbyterian Church split into Northern and Southern factions along with the Methodists and many other denominations.
-The southern churches not only supported slavery because it was the way of life in their regions but they also genuinely believed that slavery and the inferiority of the black man were supported by the Bible. -The north believed that no man should be held in bondage by another man but whether they genuinely believed that every man was equal is unlikely. How did everyone feel?
Emancipation Proclamation -The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential -It was not a law passed by a Congress but a proclamation written by the president alone based on the war powers given to the President by the Constitution. -It was a declaration by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, declaring the freedom of all slaves in Confederate territory not already under Union control. -Its immediate impact was to free only some runaway slaves, but thousands more slaves were liberated as the Union armies advanced. The great majority of 4 million slaves were freed through operation of the Emancipation Proclamation. - Legally their emancipation was permanently effected by the Thirteenth Amendment ratified in December 1865.
Surrender of lee’s troops -General Lee’s army surrounded, his men weak and exhausted, Robert E. Lee realized there was little choice but to consider the surrender of his Army to General Grant.
After a series of notes between the two leaders, they agreed to meet on April 9, 1865, at the house of Wilmer McLean in the village of Appomattox Courthouse.
-The meeting lasted about 2 ½ hours long and resulted in the surrender of General Robert E. Lee’s troops.
Lincoln Shot… -On the evening of April 14, 1865, while attending a special performance of the comedy, "Our American Cousin," President Abraham Lincoln was shot.
The assassin, John Wilkes Booth, dropped the pistol and waved a dagger.
-Andrew Johnson was President after Lincoln was assassinated. - Although the Army of Northern Virginia surrendered on April 9th, technically, there were still Confederate Forces in the field until June. Confederate General Stand Watie surrendered on June 23, 1865 when the last major fighting occurred. What happened next…
-This question can only be answered by time; as well as people learning form their mistakes. -People need to become less selfish and more aware of the consequences of their actions. Will history repeat itself???
Abraham Lincoln Papers. Assassination of President Abraham Licoln, n.d. Web. Oct. 2010.
Credit where credit is due…
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/lincoln.htm The Death of President Lincoln, 1865. Eye Witness to History.com, n.d. Web. Oct. 2010. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/appomatx.htm Surrender at Appomattox, 1865. Eye Witness to History.com, n.d. Web. Oct. 2010. http://uspolitics.about.com/od/politicaljunkies/a/emancipation.htm What Is the Emancipation Proclomation?. About.com, n.d. Web. Oct. 2010. Credit where credit is due
Attribution, President Abraham Lincoln Photo Barry Bonds & The Flickr Effect - The End Of Iconography. Attribution, Robert E. Lee Robert E. Lee, 1864-1865, Oil on canvas by Edward Caledon Bruce Attribution,Ulysses Simpson Grant, Eighteenth President (1869-1877) Ulysses S. Grant, circa 1880, Oil on canvas by Thomas LeClear Attribution, Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States. Former Mississippi Congressman and Senator.Photographer: Matthew Brady Attribution, Virginia Confederate Infantry Battle Flag Credit where credit is due
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