2.2 napoleon

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2.2 napoleon

  1. 1. • Understanding the Era: – The Enlightenment pushed for “rationalization” – New idea.. Be “irrational” (be true to yourself and nature, explore dreams and fantasy) - Questioned - What moves man to do things? - Opposed to conflict, questioned laws, gov’t, religion (anything that ties one down) – Romantic Era (Freud, Marx, Dickens, Three Musketeers and Robin Hood, – Beethoven and Shelley – Mary and Percy) Percy – “The world will be a better place… – Napoleon = A Robin Hood Hero
  2. 2. • Corsica – French Occupation • Angry young guy • 9 – Military School • Why? • Brutal and smug warrior • By 23 – A General! – Great Irony – A Nationalist!
  3. 3. • Great leadership abilities – General • 1799 – Directory is weak – Coup d’état – “bloodless” – Streamlines government – National Bank of France – Napoleonic Code (fair regulated legal system) • Individual liberty, equality before the court, free enterprise – Concordat - Reopens the Churches (even though he’s a non-believer) – Tax Reforms – Lycees, public works – sewers, statues, Arc de Triompe – 1802 – Appointed Head of State
  4. 4. Arc de Triomphe
  5. 5. • During the French Revolution women fought for equal rights • “Declaration of the Rights of Women” – 1793 = National Razor • Napoleonic Code…2nd class – Property of father or husband • 1945 = Equal Rights Olympe de Gouges
  6. 6. • Egypt & Danube – great victory • Marengo – great loss? • 1810 – Europe is his! • Age 40 – 70 million! • No heir! • What about Britain? • How to attack? • Navy? • Balloons/tunnels? • Embargo? • Russia!
  7. 7. • French occupation is Brutal! – Assassination attempts, obsessed with winning • Thinks he’s infallible and invincible • 1812 – The Grande Armee – 650K • The Greatest Russian Warrior! (1940, too!) • 1814 – surrender – exile
  8. 8. • 1814 - Louis XVIII – restored • Everything is restored (borders, laws, rule) • France is stunned! • 1815 – Napoleon is bored and hears rumours. • The big escape! • What happens when he makes landfall?
  9. 9. • The Grande Armee is restored! • Austrians are quickly defeated before Brits arrive. • Nap meets Wellington at Waterloo. • 40K vs 20K (with higher ground) • Outdated techniques • Prussians arrive from behind! • Defeat!
  10. 10. • Very remote • Poor treatment by British troops • 1821 – health fails (age 51) • Rumours
  11. 11. • What does it all mean? What are the consequences? • Louis XVIII • Congress of Vienna – 1814 • Italian Nationalism • German Nationalism • European Revolutions
  12. 12. The Rise of Nationalism – 1794 – Poland – 1796 – White Lotus – China – 1789 – Irish – 1804 – Serbian – 1808 – Madrid – 1810 – Mexico, Paraguay, Venezuela – 1812 – Korea – 1820 – Spain and Portugal – Peru, too! – 1821 – Greece – 1822 – Mexico IND – 1824 – Russian (Decembrists) – 1825 – Indonesia – 1830 – French again – 1830 – Belgium IND – 1832 – Algeria – 1837 – Canada – 1841 – Afghanistan – 1848 – France, Italy, Germany IND – 1848 – Hungary – 1851 – China – 1854 – Spain IND – 1857 – India – 1859 – Italy – 1866 – Japan – 1867 – Irish – 1867 – Canada IND – 1868 – Puerto Rico IND – 1875 – Herzegovina – 1876 – Bulgaria – 1896 – Philippine IND – 1903 – Macedonia IND – 1905 – Iran – 1907 – Romania – 1908 – Turkey – 1910 - Mexico Examine the Ripple Effect from 1789: What was the result of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era?
  13. 13. The End • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bneJnNxC8Ig • Today, Napoleon is buried in 6 places... WHY?? St Jerome's Chapel
  14. 14. A Question to Think About • How could the key concepts we’ve been discussing be applied to France? – collective consciousness – national identity – national unity – contending national loyalties – forms of nationalism

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