2.2 causes of the french revolution

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2.2 causes of the french revolution

  1. 1. Causes of the French Revolution Intro to the French Revolution (0:00 to 3:36)
  2. 2. 1. Influence of the Enlightenment Philosophers  Challenged the theory of “Divine Right of Kings”  Quote from Voltaire, “A little evil is often necessary for obtaining a great good.” Enlightenment Clip (1:30 to 3:37) Causes of the French Revolution
  3. 3. Causes of the French Revolution 2. The Social Structure in France A. The Old Regime  The Three Estates  Taxes were uneven (the poor paid almost everything) B. Peasants not as oppressed in France as in other countries  Revolution often occurs NOT when conditions are the worst  People begin to expect better conditions.
  4. 4. Causes of the French Revolution 3. Growing middle class  Known as the Bourgeoisie  Gaining wealth & Demanding a voice  France contained the most numerous, prosperous, and influential bourgeoisie – middle class in all of Europe  Furnished the revolution with its principal leaders
  5. 5. Causes of the French Revolution 4. Ongoing Financial Crisis A. Massive Debt  Huge war debt left over from Louis XIV  Inability to solve the tax situation Two failed attempts:  Turgot tried to tax all three Estates (ideas were shut down by the Parlements & the “Flour War”)  Necker strategy of borrowing money  Interest alone on the debt was more than 50% of France’s income
  6. 6. Causes of the French Revolution 4. Ongoing Financial Crisis (continued) B. Continued Spending and Corruption  Louis XVI had the most extravagant and most corrupt court in all of Europe  Louis support of the American Revolution (100% of this money was borrowed)  Debt Video Clip (3:38 to 5:38)
  7. 7. Causes of the French Revolution 5. High prices, famine, cold and mobs  Ongoing issues of unemployment in Paris – up to 50% unemployment  Constant food shortages – intensified by the poor harvest in 1788 The food Crisis (8:12 to end) Food Crisis continued (0:00 to 1:25)
  8. 8. Causes of the French Revolution 6. The example of the American Revolution  9000 Frenchmen fought alongside the Americans in their revolution  Lafayette was a key leader in the American Revolution and the French Revolution
  9. 9. Causes of the Revolution 7. The character of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette  Louis XVI was weak an indecisive  Antoinette was from Austria (4:33 – 7:45)  People were publishing pamphlets and were spreading rumors about the king and queen (5:39 – 8:10)
  10. 10. Causes of the Revolution 7. The character of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette  Louis XVI was weak an indecisive  Antoinette was from Austria (4:33 – 7:45)  People were publishing pamphlets and were spreading rumors about the king and queen (5:39 – 8:10)

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