Reading Comprehension strategies

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  • 1. What connections do I make as I read?Good readers notice pieces of text that relate to or remindthem of:• Their lives, past experiences, and prior knowledge• Other books, articles, movies, songs, or pieces of writing• Events, people, or issuesTips:• That reminds me of…• This made me think of…• I read another book that…• This is different from…• I remember when…
  • 2. Good readers create pictures in their minds while they read.While reading, note places where you get a clear picture inyour mind that helps you understand the text:I can picture…I can see the…I can visualize…The movie in my headshows…Use your senses to connect thecharacters, events, and ideas toclarify the picture in your head.I can taste/hear
  • 3. Good readers ask questions before, during, and after reading tobetter understand the author and the meaning of the text.Ask questions of the author, yourself, and the text:• What is the author trying to say?• What is the message of this piece?• Do I know something about this topic?• What do I think I will learn from this text?• How could this be explained to someone else?• What predictions do I have about this reading?
  • 4. How do I read between the lines?When the answers are “right there,” good readers drawconclusions based on background knowledge and clues in thetext.Ask yourself:I wonder why…I wonder how…I wonder if…Find information from the text that might be clues to theanswers and use these with your background knowledge forpossible answers.
  • 5. What’s the big idea?So what?Good readers look for things that help them identify big ideasand why they are important.Look at text features for clues:• Titles and headings• Bold print• Pictures and captions• Graphs and charts• Chapter objectives and questionsTips:• The big idea is…• Most important information is...• So far I’ve learned…• The author is saying…• This idea is similar to…
  • 6. Readers make predictions before and during reading the text.Then while they are reading they may change thesepredictions as they get more information.Readers use clues such as the cover of a text, the contents pageor knowledge they have about language to form a hypothesis.As they read, they use new information to change theirhypothesis or prediction.
  • 7. Readers need to know that every writer has a point of view ora message that they want the reader to understand.This could be to give the reader information, to make them usetheir imagination, to entertain them, or to tell importantstories.Readers who are aware of the author’s point of view orpurpose are able to look for clues in the text that describe howthe author is thinking, to think about what the author doesn’tsay and to think more carefully about whether they agreewith the author.
  • 8. When readers summarise text, they find the most importantinformation and can remember or describe this in a shorterway.Readers who are able to summarise texts have a clear idea ofthe structure and what is important in the text, which gives adeeper understanding of what they are reading.