THE ORIGINS OF WINE IN THE WORLD AN INTRODUCTION Very little is known about the early wine history. It is thought that manyfarmers and foragers learnt that alcoholic beverages could be made from wild fruit including grapes. Although the results were rather ’Crude’. These were stored in open vases or jars . Even though wild grapes grew all over the world, it was this productive VinisVinifera species which spread all over the world and is used To produce many variatys of winemakeing styles
AN INTRODUCTION TO PREHISTORY OF ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY From dug out pits to modern tanks wine has been made and served for generations. To understand the future of wine it is important to grasp its history. The evolution of winemaking began here and is now a major part of world exports although the techniques and storage is much more advanced .With the ability to Mould steel into desired shapes (For containers) and alsorefrigeration It is Now Possible to Vastly improve wine quality The following slide Shows How Old concepts have taken new form .
THE TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES IN WINEMAKING The most basic tools for making wine were pits dug into the ground and sealed to ferment Over a period of time This was a very crude form of fermentation But even in early times it seems Evident that They saw theimportance of Preventing Unwanted Oxidation and Exposure to Other bio hazards In wine fermentationNowadays We tend to use Steel Containers that can be sealed chilled Heated And Stored For extended Time periods also There is allot more sterile controlsAlso barrels are The most common storage Device for fermenting in as the rate of oxidation can be reduced and the wine at the end and gives off the oaky Character From the oak the barrels are made of.
ANCIENT ROME AND THE PHILOSOPHYS OF WINE Rome played a pivotal role in the history of wine. The earliest influences of viticulture on the Italian peninsula can be traced to Ancient Greeks and Etruscans. The rise of the Roman Empire saw an increase in technology and awareness of winemaking which spread to all parts of the empire. The influence of the Romans has had a profound effect of the histories of todays major winemaking regions of France, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Spain. In thehands of the Romans, wine became "democratic" and available to all, from the lowly slave to the simple peasant to the aristocrat. The Romans belief that wine was a daily necessity of life promoted its widespread availability among all classes. This led to the desire to spread viticulture and wine production toevery part of the Roman empire, to ensure steady supplies for Roman soldiers and colonists.
IMPORTANCE OF WINE TRADE (ROME) As the Roman Republic grew into an empire, the complexity of the Roman wine trade grew as well. The Roman peninsula was known for its high quality wine.Pompeii was known for its unique and high quality wine. However, as the Republic grew beyond Italy, the trade and the market economy dealing with wine grew aswell. The wine trade in Italy consisted of the Romans selling their wine abroad to settlements and provinces around the Mediterranean Sea. Yet, by the end of the 1st century CE/AD, the Romans’ wine exports had competition from itsprovinces, which began to export their wine to Rome. Because the Roman Empire was very much a market economy, the provinces’ exports were encouraged. Thisenhanced the supply and demand of the Roman market economy. If there were a high supply of wine, then the price of wine would be lower to the consumer. Because the Empire had a supply and demand economy, the Romans also had an ample supply of coinage, which also suggests that there was a complex market economy surrounding the wine trade of Roman Empire. An ample supply of coins meant that people within the Empire put a great deal of thought into the market economy of wine. Wine clearly was a pivotal part of the Roman Empire, her provinces, and its economy.
DIONYSUS GOD OF WINEDionysus was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritualmadness and ecstasy in Greek mythology.He was also known as Bacchus By the romans Who believe he was a liberator Through wine Music ecstatic dances and frees his followers from self contious fear and care.
PRESERVING WINEThere is evidence That supports early stage wine preserving techniques From wine jars that were recovered from Old shipping routes in Ship wrecks This involved the use of Olive oil And tree resins to create a seal .However primitive This has been proven to Prevent most oxidation And was very successful for allowing wine to be moved and traded Long distances without affecting the end product.
SUMMERY It is evident that Wine has a unbelievably large influence On History Even Being Immortalized By the romans with a God ! It Plays a pivotal role In every day life And In Some cases In various parts of the world is part ofreligion (Christianity) With Majority of the world Now both Producing andconsuming In the wine trade Wine Will surely Continue to Be consumed For Many years to come .Both for Viticulture And for winemaking.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Comer B.(2009).wine Pre –History. Retrieved 13/8/2012 From http://www.slideshare.net/BAComer/wine-pre-history Wikipedia. (2012, August 5). Ancient Rome and wine. Retrieved August 13/8/2012, 2012, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Rome_and_wine Unknown. (2010, July 22). Google. Retrieved from Google images:http://www.google.co.nz/search?hl=en&safe=off&q=pre+history+of+wine &bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&biw=1252&bih=585&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=118nUNb6BoWwiQfv2oDwCA#um=1&hl=en&safe=off&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=Wine+images&oq=Wine+i mages&gs_l=img
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