Introduction to Film StudiesWhat do we mean by British Cinema?
A starting point... Write a list of five stereotypes which help to describe Britain
British Successes- Earlier Days ● Ealing Studios ● Made a series of comedies from the late 1940s to the late 1950s ● Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949) ● Whiskey Galore (1949) ● The Ladykillers (1955)
British Successes – The 1960s ● Hammer Studios ● Horror films reviving the 1930s Universal horror movies, but now in colour and with nudity! ● Carry On... ● Long running franchise of British comedy films with a regular cast
British Successes – From the 60s on... James Bond ● Dr No (1962) ● Different actors have taken the role ● The films are made by American production companies in international locations ● How British is Bond?
The 1980s - Goldcrest ● British film studio ● Oscar successes - ● Chariots of Fire (1981) ● Ghandi (1982) ● Box office disasters and failure of the studio
The 1980s and on – Merchant Ivory ● Films based on classic literary adaptations ● A very upper class and historically specific view of Britishness ● Lots of international box office success
The 1980s and on – RegionalCinema and National Cinemas ● British Cinema has a number of identities ● Scottish Cinema ● Local Hero (1981) ● Trainspotting (1993) ● Red Road (2007) ● Northern Cinema ● Bhaji on the Beach (1993) ● Brassed Off (1996) ● The Full Monty (1997)
British Asian Cinema ● Very under represented until the 1980s (like all British ethnic minority cinemas) ● My Beautiful Laundrette (1985) ● East is East (1999) ● Bend it like Beckham (2002) ● Slumdog Millionaire (2009)
Working Title ● Production Company founded in 1982 ● Made a string of a very succesful British movies – Richard Curtis films (Four Weddings... Notting Hill … Love, Actually... ● International producers of Coen Brothers movies (Fargo, Barton Fink, The Man Who Wasnt There)
British Gangster Movies ● Brighton Rock (1947) ● Get Carter (1971) ● The Long Good Friday (1980) ● Mona Lisa (1986) ● Lock,Stock... (1998)
A Succesful Studio...●Aardman●Set up in 1976, making short films for TV andshort excerpts for other show● Moving into original shorts, Creature Comfortswins Oscar in 1989●Wallace and Grommit star in a series ofsuccessful films for TV and later for Cinema●Into Co-Production with Dreamworks SKG (USA)for Curse of the Were Rabbit and then with SonyPictures (USA) for Flushed Away
Categories of British Films 19971. Films where the cultural and financial impetus isfrom the UK and the majority of the productionpersonnel are British (Brassed Off, Trainspotting)2. Majority UK co-productions: although there areforeign partners there is UK cultural content and asignificant amount of UK finance and personnel (NilBy Mouth, Secrets and Lies)3. Minority UK co-productions: Foreign (but notUSA) co-productions where there is a small UK inputin finance or personnel (Breaking the Waves, StealingBeauty)4. American films with a UK creative and/or partfinancial interest (The Portrait of a Lady, Emma)
Categories of British Films from 1998●Its British if it scores 20 points●3 points for a British screenwriter●2 points each for British director / producer /editor, lead actors●4 points if 75% or production costs are spent inthe UKWhy does this matter? Subsidies and Taxation.●
Soooooo....... What is British about the following film clips?1.Local Hero2.Quadrophenia3.Children of Men4.The Beach5.Dirty Pretty Things