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The Questions
• Are the gospels reliable as accurate and
historical documents?
• Who is Jesus?
• Is there evidence outside...
Are the gospels reliable as accurate
and historical documents?
•
•
•
•
•

Common Responses
“The gospels weren’t written by...
Reliability of other ancient works of
antiquity
• “The Jewish War” by Josephus – (originally
written in 1st Century) Nine ...
Reliability of other ancient works of
antiquity
Earliest Manuscripts

Julius Caesar

• “The Jewish War” by Josephus –
900 years later
• “Gallic Wars” by Julius Caesar –
8...
Are the gospels reliable as accurate
and historical documents?
• P52 - John Rylands University Library
(Manchester, UK)
• ...
Codex Sinaiticus
http://www.codexsinaiticus.org
Is the content historically accurate?
• All the Gospels were written
within the lifetime of
eyewitnesses to the events
• E...
Are the gospels are full of contradictions?
• Many people quote this, but few can actually
name one
• Different accounts o...
Common Responses Revisited
• “The gospels weren’t written by the people
who claim to have written them”  false
• “Legends...
Who is Jesus?
•
•
•
•
•

Common Responses
“A good moral teacher”
“An ordinary Jew called Jesus who lived 2000
years ago”
“...
“A good moral teacher”
• Man of great claims
• ‘“I and my Father are one” Again the Jews
picked up stones to stone him’ – ...
“A lunatic who thought he was God”
• Possible that Jesus thought his claims true, but
deluded
• Sayings not consistent wit...
“A liar who claimed he was God”

C. S. Lewis

• Deceiver and inheritably evil
• Allowed himself to be
crucified for being ...
Who is Jesus?
“I am trying here to prevent anyone saying that really foolish thing
that people often say about Him: ‘I’m r...
“Not the Messiah the Jews are waiting for”
• Jesus was the Messiah prophesied about in the
Old Testament – all over 350 ye...
Who is Jesus?
•
•
•
•
•

Common Responses Revisited
“A good moral teacher”  false
“An ordinary Jew called Jesus who lived...
Is there evidence outside of the
biblical texts that show the existence
of the Jesus we find in the Bible?
Common Response...
External Evidences

• The external evidences are not sympathetic to the
Christian message
• Talmud acknowledges Jesus as
–...
Archaeological Evidences
• Archaeological evidence for the
existence of Pontius Pilate found in
1961
• Archaeological evid...
Nazareth Inscription
• Found in Nazareth
• Imperial edict from either the
reign of Tiberius (14-37AD) or
Claudius (41-54AD...
The Turin Shroud Hoax
• A shroud – when photographed, the
negative imagine reveals a person
• Some believe it is what Jesu...
Is there evidence outside of the
biblical texts that show the existence
of the Jesus we find in the Bible?
Common Response...
Is there evidence that the resurrection
really happened?
•
•
•
•

Common Responses
“Jesus fainted and escaped death on the...
“Jesus fainted and escaped death on the
cross”
•
•
•

•

Swoon Theory
Found in the Koran & popular in 19th
century
Fainted...
“They looked in the wrong tomb”
• The tomb was guarded
• Jesus was a high profile execution – the
location wouldn’t have b...
“The disciples hallucinated thinking
they saw Jesus after his death”
• Hallucinations are personal
• Hallucinations cannot...
“He only appeared to people
sympathetic to the gospel message”
•
•
•
•

James the half brother of Jesus
Saul on the road t...
What’s your verdict?
•
•
•
•

Is the New Testament reliable?
Was Jesus the Son of God?
Did the resurrection happen?
Is the...
Case for Christ
Glasgow Church of Christ
Worship Service
Every Sunday 2:30pm
Partick Burgh Hall
http://www.glasgowchurch.o...
The Case For Christ
The Case For Christ
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The Case For Christ

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Transcript of "The Case For Christ"

  1. 1. The Questions • Are the gospels reliable as accurate and historical documents? • Who is Jesus? • Is there evidence outside of the biblical texts that show the existence of the Jesus we find in the Bible? • Is there evidence that the resurrection really happened?
  2. 2. Are the gospels reliable as accurate and historical documents? • • • • • Common Responses “The gospels weren’t written by the people who claim to have written them” “Legends written many years after the events” “The Bible has been changed over the centuries” “The Bible is full of contradictions” “Bunch of made up stories”
  3. 3. Reliability of other ancient works of antiquity • “The Jewish War” by Josephus – (originally written in 1st Century) Nine complete copies remain • “Gallic Wars” by Julius Caesar (originally written in 1st Century) 10 copies remain • Seven copies of Plato remain in existence • Homer’s Iliad – 647 copies in existence • New Testament – 5,366 Greek manuscripts (1980)
  4. 4. Reliability of other ancient works of antiquity
  5. 5. Earliest Manuscripts Julius Caesar • “The Jewish War” by Josephus – 900 years later • “Gallic Wars” by Julius Caesar – 800-850 years later • Plato’s Republic – 1200-1300 years later • Homer’s Iliad – about 1000 years after later • All regarded as historically accurate and authentic
  6. 6. Are the gospels reliable as accurate and historical documents? • P52 - John Rylands University Library (Manchester, UK) • Gospel of John written between 90-100 AD • P52 Dates between 117 AD to 138 AD • Fragments of the gospel of John 18:3133 and 18:37-38 • Oldest New Testament Manuscript in existence
  7. 7. Codex Sinaiticus http://www.codexsinaiticus.org
  8. 8. Is the content historically accurate? • All the Gospels were written within the lifetime of eyewitnesses to the events • Easily discredited if statements within the gospels were false • Contain embarrassing facts about the leaders • Historical facts only found in the Bible proved by archaeology
  9. 9. Are the gospels are full of contradictions? • Many people quote this, but few can actually name one • Different accounts of the same stories because different facts being emphasised • Plausible explanations offer a valid explanation of the apparent contradictions • Identical account imply collusion
  10. 10. Common Responses Revisited • “The gospels weren’t written by the people who claim to have written them”  false • “Legends written many years after the events”  false • “The Bible has been changed over the centuries”  false • “The Bible is full of contradictions”  false • “Bunch of made up stories”  false
  11. 11. Who is Jesus? • • • • • Common Responses “A good moral teacher” “An ordinary Jew called Jesus who lived 2000 years ago” “A lunatic who thought he was God” “Not the Messiah the Jews are waiting for” “Never existed”
  12. 12. “A good moral teacher” • Man of great claims • ‘“I and my Father are one” Again the Jews picked up stones to stone him’ – John 10:30-31 • “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.” – John 14:6 • Jesus is a liar, a lunatic or Lord • “If Jesus were not God, then he deserved an Oscar” – Josh McDowell
  13. 13. “A lunatic who thought he was God” • Possible that Jesus thought his claims true, but deluded • Sayings not consistent with being a lunatic • Lunatic are self focused • Jesus was focused on others • Jesus backed up his claims with miracles
  14. 14. “A liar who claimed he was God” C. S. Lewis • Deceiver and inheritably evil • Allowed himself to be crucified for being the Son of God • Little personal gain • Never compromised the standard • Others testify to the miracles and resurrection
  15. 15. Who is Jesus? “I am trying here to prevent anyone saying that really foolish thing that people often say about Him: ‘I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept His claim to be God.’ That is one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic – on a level with the man who says he is a poached egg – or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronising nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left open to us. He did not intend to.” – Professor C. S. Lewis Mere Christianity (Revised and amplified edition 1997 page 43)
  16. 16. “Not the Messiah the Jews are waiting for” • Jesus was the Messiah prophesied about in the Old Testament – all over 350 years previous • Jesus fulfils over 400 Old Testament prophesies Old Testament Prophesy New Testament Micah 5:2 Born in Bethlehem Matthew 2:1 Isaiah 40:3 Preceded by John the Baptist Forsaken by his Dispciples Hands and feet pierced Matthew 3:1-2 Zecariah 13:7 Psalms 22:16 Mark 14:50 Luke 23:23
  17. 17. Who is Jesus? • • • • • Common Responses Revisited “A good moral teacher”  false “An ordinary Jew called Jesus who lived 2000 years ago”  false “A lunatic who thought he was God”  false “Not the Messiah the Jews are waiting for”  false “Never existed”  false
  18. 18. Is there evidence outside of the biblical texts that show the existence of the Jesus we find in the Bible? Common Responses • “No evidence of Jesus outside the Bible” • “Archaeology contradicts the Bible” • “A guy named Jesus might have existed once, but he was nothing like the Jesus find in the Bible”
  19. 19. External Evidences • The external evidences are not sympathetic to the Christian message • Talmud acknowledges Jesus as – Conjurer – collaborates the gospel claims of Jesus the miracle worker – Illegitimate – collaborates the gospel account of the virgin birth to Mary • Josephus – “Antiquities of the Jews” – claims – “He was the Christ” or “He claims to be the Christ” – “A doer of wonderful works” – “Pilate … condemned him to the Cross”
  20. 20. Archaeological Evidences • Archaeological evidence for the existence of Pontius Pilate found in 1961 • Archaeological evidence confirms the Roman census when Jesus was born • Doubt in Luke’s historical accuracy has been removed by archaeology • Archaeology does not confirm the book of Mormon • No archaeological discovery contradicts the bible
  21. 21. Nazareth Inscription • Found in Nazareth • Imperial edict from either the reign of Tiberius (14-37AD) or Claudius (41-54AD) • Strong warning about meddling with tombs and graves • Punishment was death • Obviously a report from Pilate had got back to Rome about empty tombs
  22. 22. The Turin Shroud Hoax • A shroud – when photographed, the negative imagine reveals a person • Some believe it is what Jesus was wrapped in when he was laid in the tomb • Carbon dated to 1260-1390 AD • Contradicts the Gospel of John “Then Simon Peter, who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there, as well as the burial cloth that had been around Jesus' head. The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen.” – John 20:6-7
  23. 23. Is there evidence outside of the biblical texts that show the existence of the Jesus we find in the Bible? Common Responses Revisited • “No evidence of Jesus outside the Bible”  false • “Archaeology contradicts the Bible”  false • “A guy named Jesus might have existed once, but he was nothing like the Jesus find in the Bible”  false
  24. 24. Is there evidence that the resurrection really happened? • • • • Common Responses “Jesus fainted and escaped death on the cross” “They looked in the wrong tomb” “The disciples hallucinated thinking they saw Jesus after his death” “He only appeared to people sympathetic to the gospel message”
  25. 25. “Jesus fainted and escaped death on the cross” • • • • Swoon Theory Found in the Koran & popular in 19th century Fainted or drugged on the cross Swoon theory not supported by medical evidence of Jesus’ crucifixion found in the gospels Roman solider would exchange his life for an escaped prisoner
  26. 26. “They looked in the wrong tomb” • The tomb was guarded • Jesus was a high profile execution – the location wouldn’t have been forgotten or mislocated • The tomb was owned by Joseph of Arimathea a secret follower of Jesus • Joseph would not have forgotten the location the tomb he owned
  27. 27. “The disciples hallucinated thinking they saw Jesus after his death” • Hallucinations are personal • Hallucinations cannot be seen by a group of people • One person cannot induce hallucinations in others • Eyewitness reports of Jesus resurrection are consistent with each other
  28. 28. “He only appeared to people sympathetic to the gospel message” • • • • James the half brother of Jesus Saul on the road to Damascus Radically changed their lives James, Saul plus 10 Apostles died because of their faith • “For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.” 1 Corinthian 1:18 –
  29. 29. What’s your verdict? • • • • Is the New Testament reliable? Was Jesus the Son of God? Did the resurrection happen? Is the cross of Christ foolishness?
  30. 30. Case for Christ Glasgow Church of Christ Worship Service Every Sunday 2:30pm Partick Burgh Hall http://www.glasgowchurch.org.uk
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