NEW PEDESTRIANISM
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NEW PEDESTRIANISM

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NEW PEDESTRIANISM

NEW PEDESTRIANISM

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NEW PEDESTRIANISM NEW PEDESTRIANISM Presentation Transcript

  • MUHAMMAD ADAM BIN ZAKARIA AHMAD FAIDHI ASYRAF BIN ABD RAHMAN AZHRIL BIN AHMAD MOHD.NASHREEQ HAZEEQ BIN ABD RAZAK AMIRUL FAIZ BIN MAKHFOZ ISFAHIRA ESIFA BINTI ISMAIL NURATIKAH BINTI MD KIKAR WAN AZZAHARA BINTI WAN BAZLI NURUL NASIHA SAKINA BINTI HASSAN NURUL NAZRIN BINTI IBRAHIM
  • 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Definition 1.2 Suburban, Urbanism and Pedestrianism 1.3 Element of pedestrianism 2.0 CASE STUDY 2.1 Overseas 2.2 Malaysia 2.3 Reflection 3.0 CONCLUSION 1.1 General 1.2 Similarities 1.3 Differences 1.4 Between case study
  • 1.0
  • Definition: New Pedestrianism(NP) is an attempt to bridge the gap between the automobile age and the information age by building towns for the future that meet everyone’s needs. a more idealistic variation of New Urbanism in urban planning theory  was founded in 1999 by Michael E. Arth How it is created? addresses the problems associated with New Urbanism various social, health, energy, economic, aesthetic, and environmental problems, with special focus on reducing the role of the automobile solve •nearly car-free to having automobile access behind nearly every house and business, •pedestrian lanes are always in front. •also respects traditional town design, but seeks to further reduce the negative impact of the automobile Pedestrian Village A neighborhood or new town utilizing New Pedestrianism Michael E. Arth History: mixed-use neighborhoods common during and prior to the first quarter of the 20th century. New Pedestrianism borrows and then expands upon earlier experiments in urban design that focused on separating pedestrians from vehicular traffic. •Urban planners Ebenezer Howard and Sir Patrick Geddes were an earlier influence on the design of Radburn, New Jersey, built at the dawn of the automobile age in 1929. Radburn had pedestrian lanes in front and vehicular access at the rear on cul-de-sacs that protruded into large multi-use blocks •Village Homes in Davis, California was founded in 1975 by Michael and Judy Corbett. The 70-acre (280,000 m2 ) subdivision has 225 homes and 20 apartments. Solar design and solar panels are utilized for heating. The homes have walkways passing through an extensive greenbelt system on one side of the houses with automobile access on the 1.1
  • New Pedestrianism, showing comparison with typical suburban design and New Urbanism. Drawing by Michael E. Arth Source: www.newpedestrianism.com/newped/cnu-presentation.html SUBURBAN DESIGN NEW PEDESTRIANISMNEW URBANISM •By eliminating the front street and replacing it with a tree-lined pedestrian lane, emphasis is placed on low-impact alternative travel such as walking and cycling •Pedestrian lanes are usually 12 to 15 feet (5 m) wide, with one smooth side for rolling conveyances such as bicycles,segways, and skates and the other, narrower, textured side for pedestrians and wheelchairs 1.2
  • CHECKLIST No. Element Description 1 Single building to a whole city human centered concerns of all kinds that result in the highest public benefit 2 A boundary to the towns and cities development can be concentrated in a more efficient, sustainable manner 3 Walkability pedestrian-friendly features 4 Aesthetics attractive public buildings,enhance community-building activities and increase social networks. Increase in landscaping 5 Environment Increased connection to nature built with green principles in mind. 6 Sustainability reducing the use of fossil fuels. 7 Connectivity two-way streets all connect to one another. Cul-de-sacs and gated communities are discouraged. 8 Traffic calming devices narrower streets, 9 Diversity of use and diversity of people Mixed-use is encouraged, with varying density, shops, schools, and entertainment that help give a neighborhood texture and a sense of place 10 Attractive public spaces. Creating a well-defined center 11 Alternative transportation 12 Livability results in a better life 13 Rear automobile street front pedestrian lane offers safe, attractive, car-free, alternative travel. 14 Separate corridors 12’ wide pedestrian lanes allow purposeful travel for both cyclists and pedestrians. A textured surface indicates pedestrian use, while the broader side of the lane is smooth for rolling conveyances 15 Attractive amenity is fronted No important resource is lined with the back yards of houses. 16 Alternative energy use green certified structures, and water recycling is encouraged 17 A greenbelt surrounds most villages 18 Own mixed-use center The highest density is around the center, while the lowest density is on the perimeter of the village 19 Public transportation highly efficient because primary travel routes need only connect one village center to another, and an automobile street network is still preserved 20 Has two entrances Businesses still have a traditional entrance with head-in parking at the rear, while also having a pedestrian entrance at the front. 21 Car-free villages lanes could provide access to special-sized emergency vehicles, or service 1.3
  • •have a rear automobile street •front pedestrian lane offers safe, attractive, car-free, alternative travel •minimum 12’ wide pedestrian lanes allow purposeful travel for both cyclists and pedestrians Houses are closer to the lanes than would be expected on a street. Every waterfront, greenbelt, or other attractive amenity is fronted with the pedestrian lane •an automobile street network is still preserved that connects every home and business. •Nearly every home and business has two entrances to serve the two transportation networks. •Nearly every home and business has two entrances to serve the two transportation networks Source: www.newpedestrianism.com/newped/cnu- presentation.html 1.4
  • Pedestrian lane is always at the front offers safe, attractive, car-free, alternative travel. Houses are closer to the lanes than would be expected on a street. Public transportation is highly efficient because primary travel routes need only connect one village center to another, and an automobile street network is still preserved that connects every home and business. People who use wheelchairs require a clear width of 1.2 metres. the effect of speed on pedestrian accidents toward people Source: www.newpedestrianism.com/newped/cnu-presentation.ht Source: The principles of pedestrian network planning 1.5
  • 2.0
  •  Venice, California - Walking streets with and without canals, and a car-free promenade, circa 1910.  San Antonio River Walk, Texas - Car-free promenade, 1920s.  Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium - Pedestrian Village with parking hidden below, 1969.  Garden Village in Austin, Texas, USA - Proposed infill Pedestrian Village to replace former site of Mueller airport.  Kisima Kaya, Kenya - New town proposed near Nairobi, Kenya, in 2006. 2.1
  •  Downtown DeLand, Florida, USA - (Historic Garden District)- Infill retrofit of existing neighborhood, 2001-2007.  Tiger Bay Village, Florida, USA - Proposed, nearly-car-free Pedestrian Village as a solution to homelessness, 2007.[19]  Mackinac Island, Michigan, USA - While NOT created with the specific idea of New Pedestrianism in mind, the island has 523 permanent residents and attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists per year. EXCEPT for service and emergency vehicles no motorized vehicles have been allowed on the island since the end of the 1800s. 2.1
  • DeLand is a city in the U.S. state of Florida. It is the county seat of Volusia County. The city was founded in 1876, and was named for its founder, Henry Addison DeLand. . As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 27,031. Downtown DeLand is an award winning Main Street community where we have learned to cherish that which is special about our past while still planning and moving into the 21st Century. 2.2
  • The DeLand Municipal Airport serves as an uncontrolled general aviation reliever airport to commercial operations at Daytona Beach International Airport, Orlando Sanford International Airport and Orlando International Airport. Downtown DeLand's main street, Woodland Boulevard, has a number of notable 19th century buildings. The Garden District is a mixed-use neighborhood adjacent to downtown DeLand, which is officially known as Downtown DeLand's Historic Garden District. In 2001, Michael E. Arth, a California artist, urban designer and filmmaker, bought twenty-seven dilapidated structures, renamed the area the Garden District, and lobbied to create a new historic district. During the following eight years he restored or rebuilt 32 homes and businesses, which have become the core of a neighborhood revival. 2.2
  • CITY OF DELAND DOWNTOWN PARKING MAP Past Nowadays 2.3 CONNECTIVITY HAS TWO ENTRANCES CAR-FREE VILLAGES SEPARATE CORRIDORS
  • CHECKLIST No. Element Mark 1 Single building to a whole city 2 A boundary to the towns and cities 3 Walkability 4 Aesthetics 5 Environment 6 Sustainability 7 Connectivity 8 Traffic calming devices 9 Diversity of use and diversity of people 10 Attractive public spaces. 11 Alternative transportation 12 Livability 13 Rear automobile street 14 Separate corridors 15 Attractive amenity is fronted 16 Alternative energy use 17 A greenbelt 18 Own mixed-use center 19 Public transportation 20 Has two entrances 21 Car-free villages 2.3.1
  • Attractive public amenity Car free villagersSeparate corridors Traffic calming devices 2.3.2
  • Pedestrian is a main features Rear automobile street that offer safe, attractive, car free and alternative travel Diversity of use and diversity of people that have mixed use is encourage with varying shop, school and entertainment Single building to whole city 2.3.3
  • Diversity of use and diversity of people Two entrance Walkability Attractive public spaces 2.3.4
  • Connectivity A green belt Rear automobile street Alternative energy use 2.3.5
  • Aesthetic Sustainability A boundary to the town and cities Livability 2.3.6
  • Aesthetic Alternative energy use Environment Traffic calming divices 2.3.7
  • SOURCE : www.streetpreaching.com Public transportation Sustainability Artist drawing of the scenery of deLand 2.3.8
  • Putrajaya - Pedestrian bridge Wilayah Iskandar, Johor - Pedestrian, Cyclist & Motorcyclist KLCC - Skywalk 2.4
  • 2.4 ISKANDAR MALAYSIA areas that covers 221 634.10 hectares of land area within the southern most part of JOHOR The POPULATION in ISKANDAR is 1 624 453 which is 49% from 3 million people Launched by the GOVERMENT in November 2006, ISKANDAR MALAYSIA is envisaged is become a ‘STRONG and SUSTAINABLE Metropolis of INTERNATIONAL STANDING’
  • Road design guideline in Malaysia that prepared by JKR as known as ‘Arahan Teknik Jalan’ was influenced by documents of US Association of State Highway Transportation Officials ‘A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets’. Thus, Road Layout Design Blueprint for Iskandar Malaysia was documented because of following reasons: • To prepare the design road layout especially for urban context area. • To consider safety of citizens and sustainable ecology. • To create economically vibrant commercial areas and liveable neighbourhoods. • To consider land use context within Iskandar Malaysia area. There are two factors performed as a basic for the design concept which need to be considered to provide high quality urban road environment within Iskandar Malaysia area, they are: a. Land Use Context. b. Road Hierarchy 2.4
  • 2.4
  • 2.4
  • iii. Major Collector: It forms the basic network of the road transportation system within a District or Regional Development Jalan Tun Aminah iv. Local Road: It is the basic road network within a neighbourhood and a local slow movement that provides frontages for higher density. Jalan Dhoby 2.4
  • 2.4 Promoted the bicycle used on road Promoted on signage
  • 2.4 Pedestrian and bicycle lanes Motorcycle lane
  • CHECKLIST No. Element Mark 1 Single building to a whole city 2 A boundary to the towns and cities 3 Walkability 4 Aesthetics 5 Environment 6 Sustainability 7 Connectivity 8 Traffic calming devices 9 Diversity of use and diversity of people 10 Attractive public spaces. 11 Alternative transportation 12 Livability 13 Rear automobile street 14 Separate corridors 15 Attractive amenity is fronted 16 Alternative energy use 17 A greenbelt 18 Own mixed-use center 19 Public transportation 20 Has two entrances 21 Car-free villages 2.4
  • 2.4 Separate corridors Connectivity & Traffic calming devices A greenbelt & Car- free village Walkability
  • Case Study as Reflection: Can these kind of Projects SECCESSFULLY be applied in MALAYSIA ? Differentiate the design and build of projects MALAYSIA - FLORIDA? Who RESPONSIBLE and also involved in order presenting this ideas? What are the importance of NEW pedestrianism? 2.5
  • 3.0
  • General Conclusion: SOURCE: CHECKLIST FROM THE INTRODUCTION SLIDE 1 2 3 4 5 6 New pedestrianism is a pedestrian – oriented version of new urbanism Cities are exposed by sight, smell, sound and dangers presented by cars which is unhealthy New pedestrianism eliminate automobile from the front Street with pedestrian lane that could lead to new healthy lifestyle. Because of the lack of pedestrian-friendly environment, most adults suffer from being overweight or obese. 3.1
  • GENERAL DIFFERENTATION DE LAND, FLORIDA ASPECT ISKANDAR, JOHOR HEAVY TRANSPORTATION (AEROPLANE) PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION LIGHT VEHICLE (CAR,CAB AND MOTORCYCLE) THE NEIGHBOURHOOD AREA NEAR BY THE COLLEGE TOWN LOCATION PLACED IN THE STATE OF ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRE VERY WELL CONDITION FOR USERS CONDITION EXPOSED TO SUNLIGHT NEED SPECIFICATION COST FOR NEW DEVELOPMENT COST MODERATE (JUST 4 MAINTAINANCE) SOURCE: CHECKLIST FROM THE INTRODUCTION SLIDE 3.2
  • SPECIFICATON FOR DIFFERENTATION SOURCE: CHECKLIST FROM THE INTRODUCTION SLIDE 3.2 DE LAND, FLORIDA ASPECT ISKANDAR, JOHOR THE PEDESTRIAN IS USE BESIDE THE ROAD WALKABILITY ALMOST IN MALAYSIA EVEN ISKANDAR USE THE SKYWALK AND PEDESTRIAN ON THE ROAD THE PLACE IS SEPERATED BY MEDIUM SIZE OF BUILDING SEPERATED CORRIDOR THE PLACE IS DIVIDED BY HIGH BUILDING AND MANY AMENITIES THEY USE NON-DIGITAL TRAFFIC LIGHT CONNECTIVITY AND CALMING TRAFFIC DEVICE THE TRAFFIC LIGHT IN THIS AREA USE THE DIGITAL TRAFFIC LIGHT
  • SPECIFICATON FOR DIFFERENTATION SOURCE: CHECKLIST FROM THE INTRODUCTION SLIDE 3.2 DIVIDED BY SEVERAL DISTRICT. THE DISTRICT HAVE BOUNDARY OF EACH OTHER BUILD BY THE SINGLE DISTRICT. THE CITY HAVE MANY BUILDING THAT CONNECTED BY THE PEDESTRIAN. THE CITY HAVE ONLY SINGLE BUILDING THAT CONNECTED BY THE PEDESTRIAN TO ANOTHER PLACE. POPULATION : 27 031.POPULATION : 1 624 453. ISKANDAR, JOHOR DE LAND, FLORODA
  • GENERAL SIMILARITIES BOTH OF THEM ARE LOCATING AT THE RIGHT PLACE TO USE. NO MORE TRAFFIC JAM AND CONFLICT BETWEEN PEOPLE AND VEHICLE. THE PEDESTRIAN IS THE BEST WAY HOW TO PROTECT AND CONTROL THE AIR POLLUTION. KEEP THE ENVIRONMENT GREEN. ALL THE FUNCTION ARE SAME. WALKING, JOGGING AND CYCLING. ITS ALSO GIVE HIGH ACCESSABILITY FOR ABLE AND DISABLE USERS. THE SURROUNDING OF THE PEDESTRIAN HAVE ATTRACTIVE AMMENITIES, ATTRACTIVE PUBLIC SPACE AND INCREASE SOCIAL ACTIVITIES. SOURCE: CHECKLIST FROM THE INTRODUCTION SLIDE 3.3
  • 3.4 CASE BY CASE In conclusion, the pedestrian is the one type of CONCEPT for urbanism. The checklist acts as the GUIDELINE to make sure that the pedestrian is totally followed by the rule. The pedestian at De Land, Florida is almost achieving the element for pedestrianism. For example ALTERNATIVE ENERGY USE. They do not use the electrical to feel more natural and keep the environment cool. This is important to MAINTAIN the temperature in surrounding. The electrical is replaced by the SOLAR ENERGY. Iskandar, Johor also have new development for pedestrian system. WORKABILIY and CONNECTIVITY is the one type of element in the checklist. The pedestrian is the way how to control the traffic jam and conflict between users and vehicle. Beside, the its also HELP the environment from the pollution.