Albert Bandura Observational Learning (Modeling Theory)
Self-Efficacy <ul><li>Bandura’s basic premise is that people have great power to influence and shape their own lives, but ...
The Nature and Structure of  Self-efficacy: <ul><li>*not global but domain specific </li></ul><ul><li>*concerned with thou...
<ul><li>People strong in efficacy are able to persevere in times of difficulty and stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences o...
Development of Efficacy  over the Lifespan   <ul><li>“ After repeated experiences of inefficacy in influencing events, eve...
A sense of capability is developed through enriched environments   <ul><li>“ Intensive preschool programs that provide ric...
<ul><li>The gap is widening between rich and poor, advantaged and disadvantaged. </li></ul>
Teacher Efficacy <ul><li>Bandura says that teachers who are efficacious believe difficult students are teachable with effo...
<ul><li>Teachers with a low sense of efficacy, on the other hand, “are mired in classroom problems.  They distrust their a...
<ul><li>A teacher’s sense of efficacy is the best predictor of commitment to the teaching profession. </li></ul>
Efficacious Schools <ul><li>*Our schools are not serving disadvantaged children well. </li></ul><ul><li>*There is a wideni...
Bandura also talks about: <ul><li>Health Efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>We need to take charge of our own health and lifestyle...
<ul><li>Athletic Performance </li></ul><ul><li>The annals of fleeting athletic careers are heavily populated with aspirant...
<ul><li>Choosing a Career </li></ul><ul><li>The higher our perceived efficacy to fulfill educational or job requirements, ...
Collective Efficacy in Society <ul><li>If people feel they have no political power to change their situation, they will no...
These thoughts come from  Albert Bandura’s book: <ul><li>Self-Efficacy:  </li></ul><ul><li>The Exercise of Control (1997) ...
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Albert Bandura Efficacy And Observational Learning 1225604471062073 9

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Albert Bandura Efficacy And Observational Learning 1225604471062073 9

  1. 1. Albert Bandura Observational Learning (Modeling Theory)
  2. 2. Self-Efficacy <ul><li>Bandura’s basic premise is that people have great power to influence and shape their own lives, but unless they believe this concept is true, that personal power will do no good. </li></ul><ul><li>We all guide our lives by our beliefs in our personal efficacy which he defines as : </li></ul><ul><li>“ beliefs in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to produce given attainments” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Nature and Structure of Self-efficacy: <ul><li>*not global but domain specific </li></ul><ul><li>*concerned with thought processes as well as action </li></ul><ul><li>*not a fixed trait. It can be activated. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>People strong in efficacy are able to persevere in times of difficulty and stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences of success are the most powerful sources of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Overcoming obstacles and persevering through tough experiences teach us to be resilient. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Development of Efficacy over the Lifespan <ul><li>“ After repeated experiences of inefficacy in influencing events, even adults can lose their sense of personal agency and become apathetic in situations where the opportunity to exercise control exists” </li></ul>
  6. 6. A sense of capability is developed through enriched environments <ul><li>“ Intensive preschool programs that provide rich mastery experiences permanently raise the intellectual level and academic attainment of children from economically impoverished and under educated families... </li></ul><ul><li>High risk children without such enablement programs end up functioning at </li></ul><ul><li>borderline or retarded levels of </li></ul><ul><li>intelligence and tend to </li></ul><ul><li>repeat grades” </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The gap is widening between rich and poor, advantaged and disadvantaged. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Teacher Efficacy <ul><li>Bandura says that teachers who are efficacious believe difficult students are teachable with effort and that they can overcome negative community influences. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Teachers with a low sense of efficacy, on the other hand, “are mired in classroom problems. They distrust their ability to manage their classrooms; are stressed and angered by students’ misbehavior, and are pessimistic about students’ improvability. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>A teacher’s sense of efficacy is the best predictor of commitment to the teaching profession. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Efficacious Schools <ul><li>*Our schools are not serving disadvantaged children well. </li></ul><ul><li>*There is a widening gap in achievement that persists between advantaged and disadvantaged children. </li></ul><ul><li>*The educationally disadvantaged represent about one third of the nation’s student population! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bandura also talks about: <ul><li>Health Efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>We need to take charge of our own health and lifestyle habits. </li></ul><ul><li>Stress affect the immune system, and psychological stress increases susceptibility to viral infection. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Athletic Performance </li></ul><ul><li>The annals of fleeting athletic careers are heavily populated with aspirants who possessed superior physical abilities but a fragile sense of efficacy. They quickly fell apart in times of trouble” </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Choosing a Career </li></ul><ul><li>The higher our perceived efficacy to fulfill educational or job requirements, the wider the range of career options we consider. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Collective Efficacy in Society <ul><li>If people feel they have no political power to change their situation, they will not even try. </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that residents of high social status believe they can affect government policies. Those of low status feel more powerless. </li></ul>
  16. 16. These thoughts come from Albert Bandura’s book: <ul><li>Self-Efficacy: </li></ul><ul><li>The Exercise of Control (1997) </li></ul>
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