4th Atlas & Maps 2
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  • 1. What is an Atlas ? An atlas is a reference tool used to learn about the world. It is a book of maps and information about countries. The name atlas comes from the Greek god Atlas, who was so strong that he was able to carry the world on his shoulder.
  • 2. Give students time to browse in atlas. Ask them to look for: 1. Table of Contents 2. Indexes
  • 3. Let’s review some map components ….
    • Title
    • Scale
    • Compass
    • Key or Legend
    • Map Coordinates or Grid
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6. A compass is a tool that helps the user know what direction one is headed. The compass shows the directions on a map: north, south, east, and west. On a map, a compass or a compass rose helps the user locate these directions.
  • 7. A map can never show you everything. Mapmakers have to choose the most important things to show. They use symbols to fit in more information and to make maps quicker and easier to read. The legend is the key to unlocking the secrets of a map. Objects or colors in the legend represent such features as highways, small roads, campgrounds, and rest areas on the map.
  • 8. Let’s review how to read map coordinates using this map. Mrs. Wright’s cabin
  • 9. The Table of Contents of our atlas divides the world into continents. Under each continent is listed the countries on that continent and the page number you turn to for a map of that country. What page would we turn to for a map of the state of Georgia?
  • 10. Find the legend for this map. What information does it give you? What is the capital of Georgia? The map coordinates for Ringgold are 2 - A Can you find Ringgold on your map?
  • 11. The World Almanac Atlas of the World has two indexes.
    • begins on p. 108
    • lists countries and places in alphabetical order
    • gives map coordinates for a location on a map & the page number of the map
    The first index is the World Index which ….
  • 12. Grid coordinates Page number on which the map is located. When reading the atlas index …..
  • 13. Question: In which country is Rio de Janeiro? Question: What is the capital of Fiji? Suva Brazil
  • 14.
    • begins on p. 178
    • States organized alphabetically
    • Cities within state in alphabetical order under the name of state
    • At the end of each state is listed “other features” such as rivers, lakes, and monuments.
    The second index is the State Index which …
  • 15. Question: What is the capital of North Dakota? Bismarck
  • 16. What states form a border with the state of Oregon? Washington State, Idaho, California, and Nevada
  • 17. In what state is the Mojave Desert located? California
  • 18. The atlas is a reference source we use when we need to find out information about countries and places in the world.