What is poetry?Poetry is the art of expressingone´s thoughts in verse. Is a formof literary art and may be writtenindependently as discrete poems;or may occur in conjuction withother arts as in poetic drama,hymns, lyrics, or prose poetry.
PoemA poem is an arrangementof words containingmeaning and musicality .Most poems take the formof a series of lines separatedinto groups called stanzas.
Elements of PoetryPoets have many toolsthey use to add to thepoem´s sound, meaningand emotional effect onthe reader.
StanzaOne of the divisions of apoem composed of two ormore lines usuallycaracterized by a commonpattern of meter, rhyme andnumber of line.
LinesA single line in a poem, often organized intostanzas.2 lines is a couplet3 lines is a triplet or tercet4 lines is a quatrain5 lines is a quinrain or cinquain6 lines is a sestet7 lines is a septet8 lines is a octet or octave
Rhyme and Rhyme SchemeWords rhyme when they have the samesound. Poems aften use rhyme at the end ofthe lines.Rhyme scheme is a pattern in which therhymed line-endings are arranged in a poemor stanza. This may be expressed as asequence of recurrences in which each lineending on the same rhyme is given the samealphabetic symbol.
Free verseFree verse is a modern form ofpoetry which doesn´t follow anyspecific rhyme or metricalscheme, although it doesn´tcompletely abandon the basicpoetic precepts of heightenedlanguage and sonics.
SonnetA poem properly expressive of asingle, complete thought idea orsentiment, of 14 lines usually iniambic pentameter, with rhymesarranged according to one ofcertain definite scheme.
SimileIs a comparison betweentwo things using the words“like” or “as”. A simile usedto surprise the reader andto create strong images.
MetaphorIs a direct comparison betweentwo things, doesn´t use thewords like or as. Poet describesa thing or person as if it actuallywere the other thing or person.
ImageryThe language that appeals to thefive senses, are “words picture”.Helps the reader to experiencefamiliar things in a fresh wayusing the senses, such as smell,taste, touch, sight and hearing.
HyperboleIs a figure of speech in whichstatements are exaggerated orextravagant. There are twokinds ofhyperbole, overstatement andundersatement.
SymbolSomething that standsfor something more thanjust itself. Suggestanother larger meaning.
PersonificationType of figure of speeh thatgives humans qualities toanimals, objects or ideas.Personification adds life to apoem and helps the readerview a familiar thing in a newway.
OxymoronIs a figure of speech bywhich a locutionproduces an incongruousseemingly self-contradictory effect.
ParadoxIs generally understood asseemingly contradictorystatement that maynonetheless be true.“Hot understands cold”
OnomatopoeiaIs the use of words that sound like thenoises they describe. Poets choosewords not just for what they mean, butwhat they sound like. Poets useonomatopoeia to liven up their writingand add fun sounds to it.
On the Ning Nang NongBy Spike MilliganOn the Ning Nang NongWhere the Cows go Bong!and the monkeys all say BOO!Theres a Nong Nang NingWhere the trees go Ping!And the tea pots jibber jabber joo.On the Nong Ning NangAll the mice go ClangAnd you just cant catch em when they do!So its Ning Nang NongCows go Bong!Nong Nang NingTrees go pingNong Ning NangThe mice go ClangWhat a noisy place to belongis the Ning Nang Ning Nang Nong!!
AlliterationRepetition of the same consonantsound at the beginning of severalwords or sentences or a line ofpoetry. Poets use alliteration tomake their poetry musical and moreinteresting.
“Dancing Dolphins”By Paul McCannThose tidal thoroughbreds that tango throughthe turquoise tide.Their taut tails thrashing they twist in tributeto the titans.They twirl through the trektumbling towards the tide .Throwing themselves towards those theatricalthespians.Is a clear example of alliteration.
MoodFeeling that a poem creates in the reader, can be positiveor negative. Poet creats themood with the lenght ofsentences, the wordschosen, punctuation, and thesound of the words.
ToneIs the attitude a writertakes toward thesubject or audience of apoem.
ThemeThis is what the poem is allabout. The theme of thepoem is the central ideathat the poet wants toconvey.
ConclusionThe elements of poetry are anessential part of what any goodpoem is all about, structurally. But itdoesn´t mean that all poems musthave all these elements, it dependsentirely upon the poet, who has allthese tools at his disposal to use inorder to convey his ideas effectively.
Pablo Neruda (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973)Neruda became known as a poet while still a teenager. He wrotein a variety of styles including surrealist poems, historical epics,overtly political manifestos, a prose autobiography, anderotically-charged love poems such as the ones in his 1924collection Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair. In 1971Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez oncecalled him "the greatest poet of the 20th centuryin any language“. Neruda always wrote in green inkas it was his personal color of hope.He died of heart failure.In the winter of 1914, Neruda composed his firstpoems. Neruda´s father opposed his son interest inwriting and literature, but Neruda receivedencouragement from others. On 1917, at the ageof thirteen, he publish his first work an essayentitled Enthusiasm and Perseverance in the localdaily newspaper.
In 1921, at the age of 16, Neruda moved to Santiago tostudy French at the Universidad de Chile with theintention of becoming a teacher, but soon Neruda wasdevoting himself full time to poetry. In 1923, his firstvolume of verse, Crepusculario (Book of Twilights), waspublished, followed the next year by Veinte poemas deamor y una canción desesperada (Twenty Love Poemsand a Song of Despair), a collection of love poems thatwas controversial for its eroticism, especiallyconsidering its authors young age. Both works werecritically acclaimed and were translated into manylanguages. Over the decades, Veinte poemas would sellmillions of copies and become Nerudas best-knownwork, though it did not go to a second edition until1932.
By the age of 20, Neruda had established aninternational reputation as a poet, but was facingpoverty. In 1926, he published the collection Tentativadel hombre infinito (The trying of infinite man) andthe novel Tentativa y su esperanza (The inhabitantand his hope). In 1927, out of financialdesperation, he took an honorary consulship inRangoon, then a part of colonial Burma and a place ofwhich he had never heard before. Later, mired inisolation and loneliness, he worked stints in Colombo(Ceylon), Batavia (Java), and Singapore. In Java he metand married his first wife, a Dutch bank employeenamed Maryka Antonieta Hagenaar Vogelzang.