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Over a frozen field Thirty-five east of Dortmund, individuals Germany's elite-government officials,...

Over a frozen field Thirty-five east of Dortmund, individuals Germany's elite-government officials,...

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  • 1. hunting14 spun Over a frozen field Thirty-five east of Dortmund, individuals Germany's elite-government officials, business leaders, and royalty--assemble inside the medieval city of Arnsberg for a one thousand year ritual: the Arnsberg Treibjagd (driven hunt). Like live-sized Hummelfiguren, adorned in Bavarian- style Loden coats, expensive Zeiss binoculars, priceless weapons, and associated with the German hunter's closest friend, the Dackel, they ready themselves for that ancient and hair-raising wail from the hunting horns--the hunt is on! The playing using this medieval scene is soon interrupted, however, by an unlikely group of fast-moving, jean-clad "hunting saboteurs" who, wielding signs that read "Hunting is Murder," proceed to barricade hunting areas as well as to risk limb and life before high-powered rifles. The scene plays itself outside in the typical way: heated words are exchanged, the authorities arrive, and the hunt is cancelled. During the last few years, this scenario has become more common in German forests. Initially in the deeply rooted existence, German hunting is under siege from the anti-hunting movement, begging the question of whether this age-old hunting culture will survive from the new century. However, in spite of the publicity-worthy tactics described above, Germany's anti-hunting movement has neglected to mobilize significant public support, in comparison using their counterparts in Great Britain and France. With this paper, I debate that the failure in the German anti-hunting movement may be traced to 2 broad sources. First, the movement is affected with deep ideological rifts within its own ranks which is impeded by significant organizational difficulties. Second, these problems are exacerbated by way of a deeply entrenched, well-organized, and influential hunting lobby, which advantages of a pervasive kind of romanticism that supports the continuation of the Jagdmythos, or hunting myth.
  • 2. Anti-Hunting Movements in Great France and Britain Whatever happens in Great Britain this coming year, one important thing is certain: hunting there will never be a similar. The closing several years of the twentieth century witnessed the most efficient and concentrated assault on hunting in Britain's history. All across the country, through the Highlands of Scotland to the lush fields of Kent, hunters, game-keepers, and all those remotely related to so-called blood sports are facing irreversible changes to, or even the entire extinction of, their lifestyle. A more in-depth inspection of Britain's anti-hunting sniper scope movement reveals several factors that explain these developments. One could start out with British literature. British authors have been found an array of anti-hunting material, the favourite among these Sir Thomas More's sixteenth-century work Utopia, which laid the intellectual basis for anti-hunting campaigns. Class- consciousness also fused using the urban-rural divide to play an essential role. The presence of a very small "hunting aristocracy," particularly those linked to fox hunting, provided an easy target for anyone set on eliminating among the last great bastions of elitism and rural traditionalism. In addition to these shifts in British tradition and society, noisy, well-organized and orchestrated anti- hunting protests--and also significant underlying support through the public, the Labour Party, and also the Blair government--have generated the creation of numerous parliamentary measures to radically reduce hunting rights across the nation. Major legislation is pending inside your home of Commons, that, if passed, would seriously cripple hunting, by February 2001. Introduced on March 2 and April13 and 2000, the property Affairs Select Committee Report of your home of Commons aimed to reduce foxhunting with hounds and "hare coursing" in Scotland, make shotguns tough to acquire, ban sport shooting by youths younger than fourteen, and then make airguns subjected to strict licensing laws. In Scotland, estimates advise that 300 gamekeepers could lose their jobs
  • 3. immediately. The shotgun industry, one among Britain's oldest and the majority of prestigious, is definitely suffering under the 29 percent decline in shotgun ownership since 1988. Preventing youths from shooting, even under supervised conditions in gun clubs, would place approximately one thousand jobs in the business in immediate jeopardy and effectively eliminate Britain's Olympic shooting team.(1) By far the most symbolic and controversial component of this new parliamentary package--the provision forbidding fox hunting with hounds--passed the House of Commons by a vote of 387 to 174 during early January 2001. Many people from the hunting community assume that this measure would be the catalyst to an irreversible decline in British hunting. The hunting community is closely watching the actions in the more conservative House of Lords, which will most certainly delay voting on the measure. Hunters hope to stay off one final ban on fox hunting before the next general election. In the local level, stringent gun control laws along with a very tough police and licensing monitoring system have led some hunters to abandon the sport as an alternative to endure police inspections and bureaucratic formalities. As well, anti-hunting groups have terrorized the homes and businesses of hunters and anyone remotely connected to the sport. About the evening of September3 and 2000, for instance, roughly fifty anti-hunting protestors raided the business and home of any Surrey kennel owner whose dogs can be used as fox hunting. The attack was so fierce that plate glass windows were broken as well as the employees and family of your kennel "huddled one of the hounds for protection."(2) In order to fend off anti-hunting movements just across the Rhine, French hunters have got a far more aggressive approach. With 1.3 million votes and 6.8 percent from the total vote cast in the most up-to-date European parliamentary elections, the Hunting, Fishing, Traditions and Nature Party peche and Chasse, nature et traditions, or CPNT) has sent a shock wave through French
  • 4. politics. From the town of Abbeville, French hunters took part in a 12,000-strong march to protest anti-hunting measures in parliament and then in Brussels. Among other issues, French hunters are protesting a 1979 European Parliament law that closes the annual hunting season in member states on January 31. French hunters, seeking to take advantage of the migratory bird season, wish to hunt until February 28. With 1.48 million hunters, France's hunting community is prepared to http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/sniper/ fight anti-hunting groups, the French government, and the EU. Should the CPNT as well as its supporters proceed to the field and ignore EU law, french government will likely be fined $105,000 for each day that this law is ignored. The first choice in the CPNT, Jean Saint-Josse, declared to politicians, "Anybody who is the opposite of us is sentenced to political death."(3) Tough talk aside, French hunters are slowly losing the battle. Together with the support of any coalition of Green and socialists Party members, french parliament recently passed legislation that will require much stricter training laws, reduce the practice of night hunting, shorten the migratory bird hunting season, and, above all, abolish hunting on Wednesdays, which is declared a "no hunt day."(4) The campaign to eliminate hunting in Germany, in comparison, has yet to satisfy with any such success. It is tiny, poorly funded, disorganized, and restricted to scattered acts of "ecosabotage," like sawing down deer stands, heckling hunting exhibitions, and disturbing driven hunts. This failure is hard to explain, ever since the casual observer of Germany could reasonably conclude how the country's anti-hunting movement ought to be among Europe's most successful. Numerous factors would support this premise.