Looking Ahead to Tcl 8.6

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ActiveTcl 8.5 has become the standard on which people build their Tcl applications, but Tcl 8.6 is just around the corner. Currently in beta, Tcl 8.6 is expected to have a final release in 2011. What new tricks will 8.6 pull out of the hat? Should you start using Tcl 8.6 soon? Join us on January 26, 2011 and find out.

Our resident Tcl expert Jeff Hobbs, Director of Engineering at ActiveState and long-time Tcl community leader and member of the Tcl Core Team, provides an overview of the major features in Tcl 8.6, including Tk. Starting with a new core OO system, going through improvements to string and list handling, and caps it off with lots of extras, this webinar covers the major changes in Tcl 8.6 and how to take advantage of them.

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Looking Ahead to Tcl 8.6

  1. 1. Looking Ahead to Tcl 8.6Jeff HobbsDirector, EngineeringActiveState Software Inc.
  2. 2. Agenda About ActiveState Tcl 8.6 roadmap Tcl 8.6 features in depth Knowledge of Tcl 8.5 expected For 8.5 review, see previous webinar: https://www1.gotomeeting.com/register/446757680 Q&A
  3. 3. About ActiveState The Dynamic Language Experts Over 10 years focusing on open source dynamic languages Experience across multiple dynamic languages Tcl, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, JS And platforms AIX, HP-UX, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, Windows, … Assist in the development, management and distribution of dynamic languages 97% of Fortune 1000 companies use ActiveState products
  4. 4. ActiveState Languages Universe
  5. 5. Tcl/Tk 8.6 Roadmap Currently in active development 8.6a1 development initiated April 2008 Same month of 8.4.19 release 8.6b1 released December 2008 8.6b2 coming soon Release schedule marching towards final 8.6.0 targeted for 2011 Community input is important
  6. 6. Tcl/Tk 8.6 Changes Numerous TIPs implemented for 8.6 49 TIPs final (1 more in accepted state) 8 more in draft state 70 TIPs targeting 8.7 (in draft state) 7 TIPs targeting 9.0 99.9% compatible with Tcl 8.5 Changes are in error messages Bytecodes have changed - watch version compatibility ActiveTcl tbcload can load 8.5 bytecodes in 8.6 Separate Tcl Dev Kit bytecode compilers for 8.5 and 8.6
  7. 7. Tcl 8.6 OO Core OO! (T257 T320 T354) % oo::class create example { Major effort by Donal Fellows variable foo Foundational OO system constructor {{value 10}} { set foo 0 inspired by XOTcl and snit my bar $value } Provided in core (no package) destructor { } oo::class, oo::define, oo::copy, method bar {input} { incr foo $input oo::object, ... } Class-based object system with } => ::example dynamic redefinition allowed % example create b 4 => ::b Per-object customization with % b bar 3 filters, mixins and more => 7 Has C API to create and manage classes, instances and methods
  8. 8. Tcl 8.6 string and list handling Simplified Tcl prefix matching (T195) tcl::prefix, with C API for option parsing (T265) Unicode aware string trim* (T318) Find insertion point in sorted list lsearch -bisect (T313) Grouped sort with lsort -stride (T326) Great for use with array get or dict output Allow lset to extend lists (T331) lset myList end+1 foo equivalent to lappend myList foo
  9. 9. Tcl 8.6 interp and namespace Ability to cancel script evaluation (T285) interp cancel, C API helper Tcl_CancelEval Check if interp is active Tcl_InterpActive (T335) namespace ensemble create -parameters (T314) encoding system at startup is iso8859-1, not identity info errorstack, -errorstack return dict (T348) tcl::unsupported::representation Get Tcl_Obj internal rep
  10. 10. Tcl 8.6 extras New binary encode|decode with base64 (T317) binary is now a namespace ensemble Base-2 support in format and scan with %b (T343) dict filter takes multiple patterns args (T341) Windows registry has 64-bit support (T362) Added tcl_platform(pathSeparator) key (T315) For $::env(PATH), not file paths (use file)
  11. 11. More 8.6 stuff! More commands take no args gracefully (T323) Reduce non-essential error cases, good with {*} New try/finally syntax (T329) set f [open $file a] try { try body ?handler...? ?finally script? puts $f "oops ..." throw type message # ... Alternative to error } finally { close $f } try { set f [open $file] } trap {POSIX EISDIR} {} { puts "failed to open $file: its a directory" } trap {POSIX ENOENT} {} { puts "failed to open $file: it doesnt exist" }
  12. 12. Tcl 8.6 files and channels New file tempfile ?nameVar? ?template? Creates tempfile and returns a channel (T210) Enhanced chan command close can close only read or write side (T332) Anonymous pipes with chan pipe (T304) Tcl level channel transformations chan push|pop (T230) IPv6 support in socket (T162) Currently uses OS preference for AF selection
  13. 13. But wait, there’s more! Zlib compression included with new core zlib command (T234) Builds on standard zlib sources Full zip and unzip support for gzip and zlib formats Supports channel streaming for transforms Includes adler32 and crc32 checksumming Includes Tcl_Zlib* C API
  14. 14. And on the C side of 8.6 Make Tcl_Interp more opaque No more interp->result (T330) Use Tcl_GetStringResult(interp) instead API for interp->errorLine (T336) Tcl_Get|SetErrorLine Access to startup scripts from C (T338) Tcl_Obj *Tcl_GetStartupScript(const char **encodingNamePtr) void Tcl_SetStartupScript(Tcl_Obj *pathPtr, const char *encodingName) Exported Tcl_TransferResult (T307) Portable Tcl_StatBuf access (T316) Tcl_Get*FromStat New Tcl_BackgroundException for bgerror (T337)
  15. 15. More 8.6 Under the Hood Exported library loading functions (T357) Tcl_LoadFile, Tcl_FindSymbol, Tcl_FSUnloadFile Windows moving to full -DUNICODE build Supports Windows XP or later OS X moving to Cocoa Supports OS X 10.5 or later, allows 64-bit builds Next version of [incr Tcl] (v4) uses TclOO Thread extension to be included with core sources Thread builds (--enable-threads) now default (T364) Other extensions being considered
  16. 16. Tcl 8.6 TDBC Standard interface for database connectors (T308) Currently has drivers for sqlite, mysql, odbc and postgres Leverages TclOO frameworkpackage require tdbc::sqlite3 db transaction {tdbc::sqlite3::connection create set firstname "Fred" db "phonebook.sqlite3" set lastname "Flintstone"set statement [db prepare { $statement foreach row { SELECT phone_num FROM directory puts [dict get $row phone_num] } WHERE first_name = :firstname } AND last_name = :lastname}] $statement close db close
  17. 17. Tk 8.6 Features Windows Vista/7 theme support for Ttk Backported to 8.5.8 Updated mouse-wheel behavior (T171) Tk OS X Cocoa Enables 64-bit builds Requires OS X 10.5+ Available for Tk 8.5 New canvas features Absolute canvas item positioning (T236) Canvas item vertex editing (T97) Angled text items (T119)
  18. 18. Tk 8.6 font dialog Uses native dialog on Windows, OS X (T324) % tk fontchooser show % tk fontchooser configure -parent . -title {} -font {{Gill Sans} 12 bold roman} -command {} -visible 1
  19. 19. Tk 8.6 PNG support Full PNG support with compression (T244) Leverages zlib support image create photo -file ouster.png -format "png -alpha 0.5"
  20. 20. Tk 8.6 extras New tk busy adapted from BLT’s busy (T321) User can generate <Focus*> events Unfocussed text insertion cursor control (T197) GIF image writing uses LZW compression wm attributes -type on X11 (T359) Modernized X11 menus (T360) New ttk::spinbox widget (also in 8.5.9) Consider the alternate widgets combobox and menubutton
  21. 21. In summary ... 8.6 currently in beta 99.9% compatible with Tcl 8.5 Changes in error messages New features bring new core commands (e.g. try) Internal bytecodes have changed Almost 50 new features for developers Possibly a few more to come Slower than 8.5, performance wasn’t a focus Final release ETA 2011 Tcl Dev Kit and Komodo support both 8.5 and 8.6 Further 8.6 changes may require further updates
  22. 22. ActiveTcl 8.6.0.0 Beta 4 Based on 8.6b1.2 Tcl core Released October 2010 Incudes VFS Explorer (tclvfse) Similar to ActiveTcl 8.5 extension set Adds new core modules for TDBC, trofs 90+ packages - the rest available via teacup Mac OS X architecture change Was x86-ppc “universal” with Carbon Now x86-x64 with Cocoa teapot understands both architectures
  23. 23. Q&A www.activestate.com business-solutions@activestate.com Twitter: @activestate
  24. 24. Thank You!Next Steps ... Watch our webinar, Exploring the Benefits of Embedding Dynamic Scripting Languages in Your Products http://www.activestate.com/webinars/exploring-benefits- embedding-dynamic-scripting or speak to a representative about ActiveTcl Enterprise or OEM: 1-778-786-1107 business-solutions@activestate.com www.activestate.com

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