Description and objectives of MIPS Material Input per Service Unit (MIPS) is a method for calculating the natural resources used during the life cycle of a product or service and for estimating its environmental impact. biotic & abiotic resources, water , air and the movement of soil all measured in tons moved in nature Description Objectives
Aid to decision making about material consumption
Aid to the formulation of resource efficiency objectives
A measurement of resource efficiency
An indicator of sustainable production and consumption
Enable stakeholders to evaluate the environmental impact of a product or service along its life cycle
Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths Weaknesses Provides a quantitative indicator of potential environmental impacts Useful in comparing the environmental implications of products, processes and services Good target indicator towards resource-conserving production methods Contributes to higher resource productivity along the entire life cycle of a product or at the level of the overall economy Companies can use MIPS to identify potentials for product and process innovations Focus on quantity not quality of materials may not give a qualitative assessment of potential environmental impacts Requires the collection of large amounts of data for calculation expensive and time-consuming for long life cycles Lack of appropriate standards to guarantee consistency and comparability of material flow accounts
A.C.T.I.O.N. areas for CSOs Assess ways in which MIPS could become a tool for managing and promoting sustainability in policy making as well as in mainstreaming resource efficiency throughout supply chains Campaign for resource efficiency from cradle to grave Take part in data collection for MIPS and in life-cycle discussion with quantitative numbers Involve partner with other CSOs, other stakeholder groups Orient towards reduced consumption and increased resource efficiency Network with other CSOs, business and policy makers
What the CSO did: SERI calculated the MIPS of different products and gave recommendations on how to improve resource efficiency along the supply chains.
raised awareness among companies
helped them spot points for improved resource efficiency
Several suppliers have expressed interest in improving resource efficiency
All partners expressed the need to establish an international database
MIPS Case study: FIN-MIPS Household FIN-MIPS Project: Finnish association for nature conservation used the MIPS method to calculate the ecological rucksacks of 27 households and gave recommendations on how to improve resource efficiency in households. Full presentation in a few minutes! F inal report (english version) is just published!
Description and objectives of HPI life satisfaction * life expectancy The Happy Planet Index (HPI) = ---------------------------------------------- ecological footprint per capita Description Objectives
Combining wellbeing & environmental performance
Describing a global target for HPI at 83.5 (on a scale from 0 to 100) nations
should aspire to
Comparing HPI scores of different countries
Providing a useful communication tool for politics/CSOs etc. at various
Happy Planet Index Report 2006. Highest rank to lowest rank
Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths Weaknesses Considering subjective and objective criteria Simple methodology Easy to communicate Easy to compare between countries Data for life satisfaction, life expectancy and EF (partially) are available online Measuring ‘happiness’ is a complex issue The policy relevance of targeting ‘happiness’ can be debated The title of the index has led to misunderstandings as being an index to measure pure happiness of nations Data gaps remain, especially related to the EF
A.C.T.I.O.N. areas for CSOs Assess wellbeing of citizens and the ecological footprint Campaign for living a good life within environmental limits Take part in policy making Involve – partner with government, local authorities and communities, other CSOs Orient towards sustainable lifestyles and a sustainable and equitable future overall Network with researchers, other CSOs, community groups
HPI Case study Caerphilly Caerphilly Sustainable Development Strategy Development of a Caerphilly Sustainability Index inspired by the HPI to calculate how sustainable the UK county borough Caerphilly is. It sets out a vision for a sustainable county borough where residents live longer, healthier, more fulfilled lives whilst consuming less resources . The aim is to get from a score of currently 42.3 to 62.0 by 2030.