WS2_Housing_TransitionTowns_Jackson

425 views
382 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
425
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

WS2_Housing_TransitionTowns_Jackson

  1. 1. Transition Town Farnham: “From oil dependency to local resilience” Wuppertal 16 March 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. </li></ul><ul><li>We are the ones we've been waiting for. </li></ul><ul><li>We are the change that we seek.” </li></ul>Barack Obama
  3. 5. Transition Town Farnham: “From oil dependency to local resilience” <ul><li>What is Transition </li></ul><ul><li>Why Transition </li></ul><ul><li>What we have done in “Housing” –successes & problems </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned </li></ul>
  4. 6. What is Transition Berlin, Friedrichshain Kreuzberg, Germany Boulder, CO Santa Cruz, CA, USA Katoomba, Newcastle, Sydney, NSW Peterborough, ON, Canada El Manzano, Chile Fujino, Japan Whanganui, Orewa,Nelson, New Zealand More than 130 ‘Official’ More than 800 ‘Thinking about it’
  5. 7. <ul><li>Half-way between London and Winchester </li></ul><ul><li>Population 38,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Saxon village and then wool town </li></ul><ul><li>Hops & beer </li></ul><ul><li>Built roof of the Houses of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Now commuter town </li></ul>Transition Farnham
  6. 8. Why Transition? <ul><li>Climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Peak oil </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Visions! Re-build community! </li></ul>
  7. 9. Climate change… <ul><li>1°C increase Ice-free sea absorbs more heat and accelerates global warming; fresh water lost from a third of the world's surface; low-lying coastlines flooded </li></ul><ul><li>2°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans dying of heatstroke; forests ravaged by fire; stressed plants begin to emit carbon rather than absorbing it; a third of all species face extinction </li></ul><ul><li>3°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon release from vegetation and soils speeds global warming ; death of the Amazon rainforest; super-hurricanes hit coastal cities; starvation in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>4°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Runaway thaw of permafrost makes global warming unstoppable ; much of Britain made uninhabitable by severe flooding; Mediterranean region abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>5°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Methane from ocean floor accelerates global warming; ice gone from both poles; humans migrate in search of food and try vainly to live like animals off the land </li></ul><ul><li>I f the rise passes five degrees, all feedbacks run out of control </li></ul><ul><li>6°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Life on Earth ends with apocalyptic storms, flash floods, hydrogen sulphide gas and methane fireballs racing across the globe with the power of atomic bombs; only fungi survive </li></ul>Source: Mark Lynas , ‘Six Degrees’
  8. 10. Climate Change Source: Professor Kevin Anderson Director of the Tyndall’s Centre’s Energy Programme UK Only Emission reduction of 9% p.a from 2015 for 2 decades gives 70% chance of exceeding 2  C 50% chance of exceeding 3  C Only 30% chance of avoiding “dangerous climate change” ‘ Safe’ Limit: 2°C 30% chance of staying below 2°C 96m tonnes/year x 50 years = Total 4.8bn tonnes Actual: Six years = 1.2bn tonnes 25% , one quarter, of 50 year limit.
  9. 11. Climate change… <ul><li>1°C increase Ice-free sea absorbs more heat and accelerates global warming; fresh water lost from a third of the world's surface; low-lying coastlines flooded </li></ul><ul><li>2°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans dying of heatstroke; forests ravaged by fire; stressed plants begin to emit carbon rather than absorbing it; a third of all species face extinction </li></ul><ul><li>3°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon release from vegetation and soils speeds global warming ; death of the Amazon rainforest; super-hurricanes hit coastal cities; starvation in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>4°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Runaway thaw of permafrost makes global warming unstoppable ; much of Britain made uninhabitable by severe flooding; Mediterranean region abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>5°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Methane from ocean floor accelerates global warming; ice gone from both poles; humans migrate in search of food and try vainly to live like animals off the land </li></ul><ul><li>I f the rise passes five degrees, all feedbacks run out of control </li></ul><ul><li>6°C increase </li></ul><ul><li>Life on Earth ends with apocalyptic storms, flash floods, hydrogen sulphide gas and methane fireballs racing across the globe with the power of atomic bombs; only fungi survive </li></ul>Source: Mark Lynas , ‘Six Degrees’
  10. 12. And Peak Oil… November 2008, “Industry Task Force on Peak Oil & Energy Security”: Arup, FirstGroup, Foster + Partners, Scottish and Southern Energy, Solarcentury, Stagecoach Group, Virgin Group, Yahoo Gap Rapid Fall Source: Peak Oil Consulting Million Barrels/Day
  11. 14. <ul><li>Climate change and peak oil are real and imminent </li></ul><ul><li>They are too big for any individual to deal with, too practical for government </li></ul><ul><li>We need to come together as towns and communities… </li></ul><ul><li>And seize this historic opportunity to rebuild every aspect of our lives </li></ul>Positive visions!
  12. 15. Rebuilding Community Resilience: What Transition Towns Do <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul>Positive visions, positive responses, An opportunity to remake everything
  13. 17. Rebuilding Community Resilience: What Transition Towns Do <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Re-skilling </li></ul><ul><li>Heart & soul, emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Local economy, currency, businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Transition Training & Consulting for business </li></ul>Positive visions, positive responses, An opportunity to remake everything
  14. 18. Housing
  15. 19. Housing
  16. 20. Housing <ul><li>‘ Coin St Community Builders’, 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>13 acres derelict </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed use development of housing, workspace, open spaces and community facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Set up four social housing co-operatives </li></ul><ul><li>Planning new community centre </li></ul><ul><li>Employ 60 people </li></ul>
  17. 21. Energy <ul><li>Buy solar panels together </li></ul><ul><li>Set up energy companies (Wind, Micro-hydro) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The most wooded county in England’ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Loftbusters” </li></ul>
  18. 23. “ Transition Together” Programme <ul><li>First pilot underway, Totnes, Devon </li></ul><ul><li>12 people, 7 households </li></ul><ul><li>Meet for two hours every two weeks, for 14 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated discussion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction and personal aims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close </li></ul></ul>
  19. 25. Local economy, currency, businesses <ul><li>Print local currencies </li></ul><ul><li>Build new local businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Support the transformation of existing businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Economic sustainability! </li></ul>
  20. 26. Transition Training & Consulting Surviving Transition 2 hour interactive engagement session Energy Resilience Assessment 3-5 day diagnostic Building Resilience 1-2 day assessment & planning workshop ‘ Strategic Mentoring’ Partnership* Explore opportunities Organisational Resurgence* Unleashing your employees’ creativity Skilling up For Powerdown* Re-skilling your workforce Plus ad hoc consulting & implementation expertise <ul><li>Survive: </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>Customers </li></ul><ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt: </li></ul><ul><li>Innovate new products & services that help others solve their problems </li></ul><ul><li>Thrive: </li></ul><ul><li>New low-carbon, high energy business models </li></ul><ul><li>Employee enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Understand: </li></ul><ul><li>Build awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen team commitment </li></ul>
  21. 27. Challenges: <ul><li>Lack of money </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of people </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul>Opportunities: “ Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek.”
  22. 28. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Everything is connected: food, energy, transport, housing, emotion, skills, business, economy… </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on projects </li></ul>
  23. 30. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Everything is connected: food, energy, transport, housing, emotion, skills, business, economy… </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on projects </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t protest: Build sandcastles </li></ul><ul><li>Whoever turns up are the right people </li></ul><ul><li>Be the change you want to see in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Be the positive change you want to see in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Be the positive change you want to see in the world, now ! </li></ul>
  24. 31. References Transition Towns: http://transitionculture.org/ http://www.transitiontowns.org/ Climate Change: Tyndall Centre: http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: http://www.ipcc.ch/ (For a clear introduction, click “The physical science basis” and then “Frequently asked questions”) Industry Task Force on Peak Oil & Energy Security: http://peakoiltaskforce.net/ Transition Town Farnham: http://transitionfarnham.wordpress.com/
  25. 32. BACKUPS
  26. 34. “ From oil dependency to local resilience”
  27. 35. Some Transition Towns in the UK Forest of Dean Liverpool South Coventry Lewes
  28. 38. How can we reduce the use of oil and gas? <ul><li>What’s made from oil, or using oil: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plastics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food (tractors, fertilisers, pesticides, refrigeration, calories) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat & light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport (logistics, holidays, commuting) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building (concrete & steel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What in this room isn’t : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… ? </li></ul></ul>
  29. 39. Peak Oil Currently burning five barrels of oil for every one new barrel discovered ‘ Peak Oil’
  30. 41. “Resilient” <ul><li>“Able to recoil or spring back to shape after bending” </li></ul><ul><li>“Able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions” </li></ul><ul><li>Concise Oxford English Dictionary </li></ul>
  31. 42. What Transition Towns Do <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Re-skilling </li></ul><ul><li>Heart & soul, emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Local economy, currency, businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Transition Training & Consulting </li></ul>Positive visions, positive responses, An opportunity to remake everything
  32. 43. Food <ul><li>Local food directories </li></ul><ul><li>Share gardens (x2) </li></ul><ul><li>Plant nut trees </li></ul><ul><li>Teach permaculture and agro-forestry </li></ul><ul><li>Local food distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Apple juicing </li></ul><ul><li>How to grow veg </li></ul><ul><li>CSAs… </li></ul>
  33. 44. Transport <ul><li>Better public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Totnes Rickshaw </li></ul><ul><li>Cycle paths </li></ul><ul><li>Footpath mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Scholar’s Greenway </li></ul>
  34. 45. Skilling-up for power-down <ul><li>Sewing, knitting </li></ul><ul><li>Beekeeping </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional building techniques (cob) </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology of change </li></ul><ul><li>Food growing </li></ul><ul><li>Energy descent planning </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  35. 46. Heart & Soul, Emotion <ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>Comedy </li></ul><ul><li>Soil & Soul </li></ul><ul><li>Walks </li></ul><ul><li>Local history </li></ul>
  36. 47. What Transition Towns Do <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Re-skilling </li></ul><ul><li>Heart & soul, emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Local economy, currency, businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Transition Training & Consulting </li></ul>Positive visions, positive responses, An opportunity to remake everything
  37. 48. How Climate Change Could Create and Destroy Company Value Source: Carbon Trust and McKinsey & Co. analysis, 2008
  38. 49. General Trends, Drivers, Impacts on Business Political: Economic/ Environmental: Social: Technological: <ul><li>Competition: </li></ul><ul><li>Intensifies under dual/triple-shock </li></ul>Suppliers: Customers: Substitutes: New Entrants: Political: Economic/ Environmental: Social: Technological: Competition: Competition: Suppliers: Customers: Substitutes: New Entrants:
  39. 50. General Trends, Drivers, Impacts on Business Political: Economic/ Environmental: Social: Technological: <ul><li>Competition: </li></ul><ul><li>Intensifies under dual/triple-shock </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers: </li></ul><ul><li>At risk of collapse </li></ul><ul><li>Long supply chains? </li></ul><ul><li>Customers: </li></ul><ul><li>Cash poor </li></ul><ul><li>Worried </li></ul><ul><li>Careful </li></ul><ul><li>Substitutes: </li></ul><ul><li>Is your service really necessary? </li></ul><ul><li>New Entrants: </li></ul><ul><li>Based on new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Leaner footprint business models </li></ul><ul><li>Political: </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership? </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon trading legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Other new legislation? </li></ul><ul><li>Economic/ Environmental: </li></ul><ul><li>Credit crunch, recession/depression </li></ul><ul><li>Rising price of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Social: </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional turmoil </li></ul><ul><li>Social unrest? </li></ul><ul><li>Technological: </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choice! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Competition: </li></ul><ul><li>Intensifies under dual/triple-shock </li></ul><ul><li>Business models under pressure </li></ul>Competition: Suppliers: Customers: Substitutes: New Entrants:
  40. 51. “ Some time in the next 5-10 years the British economy will go through the same change as between September 1939 and December 1940: standards of living will fall by half.” Lord David Puttnam, April 2008
  41. 52. Climate Change Emission reduction of 9% p.a from 2015 for 2 decades gives 70% chance of exceeding 2  C 50% chance of exceeding 3  C Only 30% chance of avoiding “dangerous climate change” Source: Professor Kevin Anderson Director of the Tyndall’s Centre’s Energy Programme Actual: Six years: 1.2bn tonnes 25%, one quarter, of 50 year limit. ‘ Safe’ Limit: 2°C 30% chance of staying below 2°C 96m tonnes/year x 50 years = Total 4.8bn tonnes
  42. 54. Obama quotes <ul><li>http://www.notable-quotes.com/o/obama_barack.html </li></ul>

×