Practical ideas for aHappier WorldCreating a world we all want …Nic MarksFounder of centre for well-beingnef (the new econ...
www.ted.com
Environment               Well-being“I have a dream …”
“Even though      Environment   we facedifficulties of  today andtomorrow …”                    Well-being    “I have a dr...
The State of the Nation
“difficulties of today ”      Environment                           Well-being
“difficulties of today ”      Environment                           Well-being
Anger:
Anger:
Anger:
Anger:
“difficulties of today ”      Environment                           Well-being
“difficulties of tomorrow ”      Environment                        Well-being        1979                  2003
Is this our future?      Environment                      Well-being
Or could this be our future?    Environment                      Well-being
Which way?   Environment                 Well-being
BUT … not that simple!     Environment                             Well-being   Wicked problems are systematic notmechanis...
Environment                                  Well-being      Foresight report on Obesity (2007)
Think before you think …       EnvironmentStafford Beer(1926 – 2002)• Systems Thinker        Well-being• Designing Freedom...
Issues of Primary Importance …   Environment                 Manfred Max Neef                 The Barefoot Economist (1932...
The New Economics Foundation (nef)• An independent UK think-  and-do-tank.• Inspired by 3 principles…  – Sustainable devel...
nef’s Great Transition InitiativeTowards a new economy based on:• Widespread Well-being• Sustainability (Climate, Energy)•...
The core sectorY    min (Desired output, full capacity GDP)                                          1       Y C I G      ...
Labor force         ˆ         F (Work.Pop* F part.ratio- F)/adj.timeˆL (L* L) /adj.time                           L*     *...
The New Economics Foundation (nef)• An independent UK think-  and-do-tank.• Inspired by 3 principles…  – Sustainable devel...
PeopleEnvironment              Economy              Well-beingPlanet
PeopleEnvironment               Economy               Well-being              The OrthodoxPlanet          Economy
Labour Environment                  Growth                Well-being               The OrthodoxMaterials        Economy
Well-being  Environment                    New                Economy                Well-beingResources
Well-being  Environment                    New                Economy                Well-beingResources
Well-being  Environment                    New                Economy                Well-beingResources
Environment   Well-being                      New                  Economy                  Well-beingResources
If GDP is a proxy for good lives now the trade off isacute                     70000                     60000            ...
If GDP is a proxy for good lives now the trade off isacute                     70000                     60000            ...
Well-being  Environment                    New                Economy                Well-beingResources
Well-being  Environment                    New                Economy                Well-beingResources
Well-being  Environment                Well-beingResources
Well-being  Environment                Well-beingResources
Well-being                Happy and Long Lives  Environment                Resource Use                      Well-beingRes...
Well-being                Happy and Long Lives  Environment                 (divided by)                Resource Use      ...
Well-being                Happy and Long Lives  Environment                 (divided by)                Resource Use      ...
If GDP is a proxy for good lives now the trade off isacute                     70000                     60000            ...
But Happy Life Years are a better proxy – and thetrade off is less acute                   80.0                   70.0    ...
A Happy Planet?                                                                                    Data from 2005-8Happy l...
A Happy Planet?                                                                                    Data from 2005-8Happy l...
A Happy Planet?                                                                                    Data from 2005-8Happy l...
BUT Environment a    … that’s        BIG ASK!Is it all hopeless?What can little me do?                      Well-beingCan ...
Environment         happiness                     Well-beingWhat’sgot to do with it?
We are emotional beings
The Role of EmotionsEmotion   Typical Situation   Probable Action PromotedFearAngerSadnessDisgust
The Role of EmotionsEmotion   Typical Situation     Probable Action PromotedFear      Source of dangerAnger     Violation ...
The Role of EmotionsEmotion   Typical Situation     Probable Action PromotedFear      Source of danger      Detect and Fle...
The Role of EmotionsEmotion   Typical Situation     Probable Action PromotedFear      Source of danger      Detect and Fle...
Barbara Friedrickson’s             theory of the evolutionary              role of positive emotions1. Positive emotions B...
In other words:Happiness matters!Happiness is more aboutopportunities than threats …Happiness can help us buildbetter futu...
Happiness is good …  but what about  … Drawing? ??
Connect...  Be active...   Take notice...      Keep learning...       Give...
nef‟s brief from Foresight What would be the well-being equivalent of “five  fruit and veg a day?”
Five ways to wellbeingEvidence-basedactions that arememorable, easy tounderstand and havea wide variety ofpossible applica...
GREAT DREAM: Ten Keys to Happier LivingThe most important causes of happiness, based on a review of the latest scientific ...
Do-It-Yourself Happiness - a ‘Well London’ project
Liverpool Year of Health andWell-being
Mind Leeds
Mental Health Foundation of New Zealand
Stockport schoolsIs it hard
Local Govt activity enabling the Five Ways                                                                                ...
Five Ways to Wellbeing:new applications, new waysof thinkingavailable fromwww.neweconomics.org
National well-being – what is it  and how do you measure it?
Environment              15th November                    2010                 Well-being
Happiness & well-beingas the goal of public policy?                          “We have to                          recognis...
New research released today, on the most miserable day of the year*, shows the government’s strategyof measuring and expli...
What about Governments?Broadly there are three areas they impact :  • The Economy  • Public Services  • Local Areas… and h...
Create good work ...  Reform the banking system ...    Develop flourishing schools ...      Promote complete health ...   ...
I’m afraiddownload only!
Create good work ...  Reform the banking system ...    Develop flourishing schools ...      Promote complete health ...   ...
happiness@work
Delivering Happiness at work• Founded by Tony Hsieh, author  best selling book – Delivering  Happiness & CEO of Zappos• Za...
50%         % of UK workers that have ever done a staff surveySource: nef‟s representative sample of UK working population...
80%% who thought it made no impact on the quality of their working livesSource: nef‟s representative sample of UK working ...
the value of well-being      Company Value    1950s                   2000s                                       HUMAN  I...
Feedback Loops - production                  Board                   Future                                          Sales...
Feedback Loops - production                  Board                   Future                                          Sales...
Feedback Loops – intangible                  Board                   Future                                          Sales...
Feedback Loops – intangible                  Board                  Future                                          Staff ...
happiness@work           Launching very soon !    Will be free to us (for up to 5 users)          Masterclasses available ...
We do face difficulties …      2003
Health Warning  Being HAPPY can be seriously good foryour life, your health and your community.
Action for Happiness presents…     IDEAS FOR     A HAPPIER     WORLD      Nic Marks
Nic Marks: Ideas for a happier world
Nic Marks: Ideas for a happier world
Nic Marks: Ideas for a happier world
Nic Marks: Ideas for a happier world
Nic Marks: Ideas for a happier world
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Nic Marks: Ideas for a happier world

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Presentation to accompany the talk given by Nic Marks from the New Economics Foundation at an Action for Happiness event on 19 January 2012 in London. www.neweconomics.org www.actionforhappiness.org

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  • Programme of events organised according to the five waysWebsite features:Lists events organised by community groups to promote five waysEncourages visitors to make either a personal pledge or a joint pledge with friends, workplace, school of community group
  • 6 page leaflet, aimed at those languishing or experiencing mental health problems. It includes a directory of national and local organisations that people could contact for help – Leeds mental health directory, Samaritans etc
  • Well-being education - Five ways and fairy talesFour schools in Stockport have worked with the council-run Stockport Art Gallery to create and publish two children's books based on the Five Ways to Well-being. Students from secondary schools worked with primary school pupils to adapt well-known fairy tales according to the Five Ways and then collaborated with professional artists to develop illustrations and linked performances – to school pupils and parents.The project was funded through the Targeted Mental Health in Schools Project (TAMHS) funded by DCSF
  • Nic Marks: Ideas for a happier world

    1. 1. Practical ideas for aHappier WorldCreating a world we all want …Nic MarksFounder of centre for well-beingnef (the new economics foundation)
    2. 2. www.ted.com
    3. 3. Environment Well-being“I have a dream …”
    4. 4. “Even though Environment we facedifficulties of today andtomorrow …” Well-being “I have a dream …”
    5. 5. The State of the Nation
    6. 6. “difficulties of today ” Environment Well-being
    7. 7. “difficulties of today ” Environment Well-being
    8. 8. Anger:
    9. 9. Anger:
    10. 10. Anger:
    11. 11. Anger:
    12. 12. “difficulties of today ” Environment Well-being
    13. 13. “difficulties of tomorrow ” Environment Well-being 1979 2003
    14. 14. Is this our future? Environment Well-being
    15. 15. Or could this be our future? Environment Well-being
    16. 16. Which way? Environment Well-being
    17. 17. BUT … not that simple! Environment Well-being Wicked problems are systematic notmechanistic. Rittel, Horst and Webber (1973)
    18. 18. Environment Well-being Foresight report on Obesity (2007)
    19. 19. Think before you think … EnvironmentStafford Beer(1926 – 2002)• Systems Thinker Well-being• Designing Freedom• Brain of the Firm• Platforms for Change
    20. 20. Issues of Primary Importance … Environment Manfred Max Neef The Barefoot Economist (1932 - ) • From the Outside Looking in • Human Scale Development • Real Life Economics • Economics Well-being (2011) Unmasked
    21. 21. The New Economics Foundation (nef)• An independent UK think- and-do-tank.• Inspired by 3 principles… – Sustainable development – Social justice – People’s well-being• …and a belief that the right metrics are fundamental to driving change
    22. 22. nef’s Great Transition InitiativeTowards a new economy based on:• Widespread Well-being• Sustainability (Climate, Energy)• Fair distribution of WealthTo do so we need:• Appropriate (new) economic theory• Policy tools• A MODEL
    23. 23. The core sectorY min (Desired output, full capacity GDP) 1 Y C I G Y AK LY = min (aggr. demand, output + inventory)
    24. 24. Labor force ˆ F (Work.Pop* F part.ratio- F)/adj.timeˆL (L* L) /adj.time L* * YSR / w
    25. 25. The New Economics Foundation (nef)• An independent UK think- and-do-tank.• Inspired by 3 principles… – Sustainable development – Social justice – People’s well-being• …and a belief that the right metrics are fundamental to driving change
    26. 26. PeopleEnvironment Economy Well-beingPlanet
    27. 27. PeopleEnvironment Economy Well-being The OrthodoxPlanet Economy
    28. 28. Labour Environment Growth Well-being The OrthodoxMaterials Economy
    29. 29. Well-being Environment New Economy Well-beingResources
    30. 30. Well-being Environment New Economy Well-beingResources
    31. 31. Well-being Environment New Economy Well-beingResources
    32. 32. Environment Well-being New Economy Well-beingResources
    33. 33. If GDP is a proxy for good lives now the trade off isacute 70000 60000 50000GDP per capita ($) 40000 30000 Latin America Western world 20000 Middle East Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia 10000 East Asia Transition States World average 0 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Ecological footprint (gha per capita)
    34. 34. If GDP is a proxy for good lives now the trade off isacute 70000 60000 50000GDP per capita ($) 40000 30000 Latin America Western world 20000 Middle East Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia 10000 East Asia Transition States World average 0 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Ecological footprint (gha per capita)
    35. 35. Well-being Environment New Economy Well-beingResources
    36. 36. Well-being Environment New Economy Well-beingResources
    37. 37. Well-being Environment Well-beingResources
    38. 38. Well-being Environment Well-beingResources
    39. 39. Well-being Happy and Long Lives Environment Resource Use Well-beingResources
    40. 40. Well-being Happy and Long Lives Environment (divided by) Resource Use Well-beingResources
    41. 41. Well-being Happy and Long Lives Environment (divided by) Resource Use Well-beingResources
    42. 42. If GDP is a proxy for good lives now the trade off isacute 70000 60000 50000GDP per capita ($) 40000 30000 Latin America Western world 20000 Middle East Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia 10000 East Asia Transition States World average 0 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Ecological footprint (gha per capita)
    43. 43. But Happy Life Years are a better proxy – and thetrade off is less acute 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0Happy life years 40.0 30.0 Latin America Western world Middle East 20.0 Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia East Asia 10.0 Transition States World average 0.0 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Ecological footprint (gha per capita)
    44. 44. A Happy Planet? Data from 2005-8Happy life years 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 World Average 30.0 Latin America Western World Middle East 20.0 Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia 10.0 East Asia Transition states 0.0 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Ecological footprint (gha per capita)
    45. 45. A Happy Planet? Data from 2005-8Happy life years 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 World Average 30.0 Latin America Western World Middle East 20.0 Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia 10.0 East Asia Transition states 0.0 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Ecological footprint (gha per capita)
    46. 46. A Happy Planet? Data from 2005-8Happy life years 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 World Average 30.0 Latin America Western World Middle East 20.0 Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia 10.0 East Asia Transition states 0.0 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Ecological footprint (gha per capita)
    47. 47. BUT Environment a … that’s BIG ASK!Is it all hopeless?What can little me do? Well-beingCan we together make a difference?
    48. 48. Environment happiness Well-beingWhat’sgot to do with it?
    49. 49. We are emotional beings
    50. 50. The Role of EmotionsEmotion Typical Situation Probable Action PromotedFearAngerSadnessDisgust
    51. 51. The Role of EmotionsEmotion Typical Situation Probable Action PromotedFear Source of dangerAnger Violation of a normSadness Loss of supportDisgust Contamination
    52. 52. The Role of EmotionsEmotion Typical Situation Probable Action PromotedFear Source of danger Detect and Flee Deter future violation (violently orAnger Violation of a norm non-violently) Save energy and thread carefully untilSadness Loss of support conditions improveDisgust Contamination Spit out and avoid
    53. 53. The Role of EmotionsEmotion Typical Situation Probable Action PromotedFear Source of danger Detect and Flee Deter future violation (violently orAnger Violation of a norm non-violently) Save energy and thread carefully untilSadness Loss of support conditions improveDisgust Contamination Spit out and avoid Positive Emotions?
    54. 54. Barbara Friedrickson’s theory of the evolutionary role of positive emotions1. Positive emotions BROADEN our thoughts & actions: paying more attention, being more creative & playful, open to relationships, and flexible.2. Positive emotions BUILD psychological resources: resilience, coping, physical abilities, emotional intelligence, social skills and self mastery.
    55. 55. In other words:Happiness matters!Happiness is more aboutopportunities than threats …Happiness can help us buildbetter futures
    56. 56. Happiness is good … but what about … Drawing? ??
    57. 57. Connect... Be active... Take notice... Keep learning... Give...
    58. 58. nef‟s brief from Foresight What would be the well-being equivalent of “five fruit and veg a day?”
    59. 59. Five ways to wellbeingEvidence-basedactions that arememorable, easy tounderstand and havea wide variety ofpossible applications
    60. 60. GREAT DREAM: Ten Keys to Happier LivingThe most important causes of happiness, based on a review of the latest scientific research*: * The first five keys are based on the Five Ways to Wellbeing developed by nef as part of the UK Foresight Project on Mental Capital.
    61. 61. Do-It-Yourself Happiness - a ‘Well London’ project
    62. 62. Liverpool Year of Health andWell-being
    63. 63. Mind Leeds
    64. 64. Mental Health Foundation of New Zealand
    65. 65. Stockport schoolsIs it hard
    66. 66. Local Govt activity enabling the Five Ways Work, Housing and Children’s Adult social Planning and Environmental worklessness community services care transport services and the local services economy Connect Local area co- An area-based growing Inter-generational Designing in traffic- The Big Lunch (eg St A local procurement ordination (eg competition (eg activities (eg Merton free spaces (eg Sutton Albans City and policy (eg Camden Middlesborough Rushmoor Borough Council) Council) District Council) Council) Council) Council) Sports supportactive Enabling council Green space buddies for disabled Healthy walks City centre cycle paths Green Gym (eg Bath and Be tenants to grow their apprenticeships (eg young people (eg scheme (eg Adur (eg Herefordshire North East Somerset own food (eg Tamworth Borough Nottingham City District Council) Council) Council) Southwark Council) Council) Council) Public art project Helping local peoplenotice Arts festival for Auditing green space Gardening support for Resident involvement in Take devised in understand the local social inclusion (eg provision (eg South vulnerable residents wildlife protection (eg collaboration with economy (eg South Lambeth Council’s Gloucestershire (eg Hampshire County Fareham Borough young people (eg Somerset District Springforward,) Council) Council) Council) Bristol City Council) Council) Adult learning onlearning An online directory Providing training as prescription (eg Identifying sites for Keep of informal learning part of resident Community planting day Local entrepreneurship Northamptonshire self-builders (eg activities for young involvement (eg South events (eg Banbury Town coaching (eg Norwich County Council and Swindon Borough people, (eg Essex Kesteven District Council) City Council) partners’ Learn 2b Council) County Council) Council) scheme) Peer support awards Timebanking to Using peer-support Supporting volunteer- Encouraging volunteers for young people (eg encourage skills models to enable Local business support Give swapping and led walking bus independent living and to „adopt‟ their local area Bradford networks (eg Malvern schemes (eg Thurrock residential support (eg (eg Manchester City Metropolitan District reciprocal Hills District Council) volunteering (eg Council) Lincolnshire County Council) Council) Bromley Council) Council)
    67. 67. Five Ways to Wellbeing:new applications, new waysof thinkingavailable fromwww.neweconomics.org
    68. 68. National well-being – what is it and how do you measure it?
    69. 69. Environment 15th November 2010 Well-being
    70. 70. Happiness & well-beingas the goal of public policy? “We have to recognise officially, that economic growth is a means to an end”UK Prime Minister David Cameron November 2010
    71. 71. New research released today, on the most miserable day of the year*, shows the government’s strategyof measuring and explicitly promoting happiness over other objectives is counter-productive and awaste of money.The report, “…and the Pursuit of Happiness: Wellbeing and the Role of Government”, examines theflaws in attempts to measure happiness. It suggests that:•The government should not be trying to measure or maximise happiness as an explicit policy goal.•There is no evidence that more equal societies lead to increases in happiness.•Contrary to widespread belief, the evidence suggests that happiness is in fact related to income andeconomic growth. The so-called Easterlin paradox (the idea that wellbeing does not increase withincome) is shown to be fake.•Attempts to promote “wellbeing at work” through regulation are likely to be counter-productive in sofar as increases in employment regulation increase unemployment. There is a strong link betweenunemployment and loss of wellbeing. In general, more intrusive and bigger government leads to a lossin wellbeing. One study finds that increasing government spending by one third would cause areduction in happiness of 5%-6%.•Smaller government tends to make people happier. Public spending cuts could actually be the key tomaking Britain a happier place.
    72. 72. What about Governments?Broadly there are three areas they impact : • The Economy • Public Services • Local Areas… and here are seven strategies theycould think about …
    73. 73. Create good work ... Reform the banking system ... Develop flourishing schools ... Promote complete health ... Engage with citizens ... Build good foundations …and … Measure what matters ...
    74. 74. I’m afraiddownload only!
    75. 75. Create good work ... Reform the banking system ... Develop flourishing schools ... Promote complete health ... Engage with citizens ... Build good foundations …and … Measure what matters ...
    76. 76. happiness@work
    77. 77. Delivering Happiness at work• Founded by Tony Hsieh, author best selling book – Delivering Happiness & CEO of Zappos• Zappos is a Billion $ internet business and in the top 10 best places to work in the US• Happiness is their business model!
    78. 78. 50% % of UK workers that have ever done a staff surveySource: nef‟s representative sample of UK working population October 2011
    79. 79. 80%% who thought it made no impact on the quality of their working livesSource: nef‟s representative sample of UK working population October 2011
    80. 80. the value of well-being Company Value 1950s 2000s HUMAN Intangibles Intangibles CAPITAL is „rented‟ not owned. High performance needs to be „coaxed‟ not coerced. Tangibles Tangibles Robert Grossman “Blind Investment”, HR Companies share valuations magazine, Jan 2005 new economics into action
    81. 81. Feedback Loops - production Board Future Sales Marketing, Management Res & Dev Prod1 Customers Prod2
    82. 82. Feedback Loops - production Board Future Sales Marketing, Management Res & Dev Prod1 Customers Prod2
    83. 83. Feedback Loops – intangible Board Future Sales Marketing, Management Res & Dev Prod1 Customers Prod2
    84. 84. Feedback Loops – intangible Board Future Staff Marketing, Management Res & Dev Prod1 Potential Investors Prod2
    85. 85. happiness@work Launching very soon ! Will be free to us (for up to 5 users) Masterclasses available On Site Leadership Programmes Consultancy OfferingsAll profits from nef consulting go back to nef
    86. 86. We do face difficulties … 2003
    87. 87. Health Warning Being HAPPY can be seriously good foryour life, your health and your community.
    88. 88. Action for Happiness presents… IDEAS FOR A HAPPIER WORLD Nic Marks

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