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Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
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Mongolia

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  • 1. The Mongolian Empire The Legend of the Khans
  • 2. Early Mongolia <ul><li>Mongolia is located in Central Asia, north of China </li></ul><ul><li>Early Mongolia was broken up in different nomadic territories by tribes controlled by warlords </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolian culture revolved around hunting, fishing, and fighting. </li></ul>
  • 3. Mongolian Terrain <ul><li>Northern Mongolia: Basins and Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Mongolia: Gobi Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Western Mongolia: Mountainous Terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Mongolia: Fertile Basin </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolia’s three main mountain ranges are the Altai, Gobi, and Hangayn. </li></ul>
  • 4. Genghis Khan <ul><li>Temujin was born in one of the more combative areas of Mongolia </li></ul><ul><li>Many of his family members died in battle or were assassinated by in-fighting within the tribe. </li></ul>
  • 5. Genghis Khan <ul><li>Temujin’s wife was kidnapped by a rival tribe </li></ul><ul><li>At this time, he was a skilled leader who collected the most talented soldiers and military minds to be in his inner circle </li></ul><ul><li>Temujin went on a tare and started his conquest of Mongolia </li></ul><ul><li>In 1206 he became Genghis Khan, which translates into Universal Ruler </li></ul>
  • 6.  
  • 7. Unification <ul><li>Genghis proclaimed he was the rightful leader of the known world </li></ul><ul><li>He created a new government and destroyed all tribes that did not demonstrate loyalty to him. </li></ul>
  • 8. New Laws <ul><li>Kidnapping of women is forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>All children are legitimate </li></ul><ul><li>Women could no longer be sold into marriage </li></ul><ul><li>The stealing of animals is a capital offense </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of hunting to the winter time </li></ul>
  • 9. New Mongolian Order <ul><li>Genghis Khan created a supreme officer of the law to oversee trials and introduced record keeping, put the native language into written form, and created an official seal </li></ul>
  • 10. Conquering China <ul><li>Genghis thought it was his destiny to conquer the world </li></ul><ul><li>China was a powerhouse in peril </li></ul><ul><li>In 1211, the Mongols crossed the Yellow River and seized Northern China </li></ul>
  • 11. Strategy <ul><li>Khan used a divide and conquer method to obtain military victory in China </li></ul><ul><li>Many Chinese communities feared the Mongols, so Genghis showed them benevolence and adopted them into his new empire </li></ul><ul><li>Those who opposed were ravaged with terror and bloodshed </li></ul>
  • 12. Mongolian Attacks <ul><li>The Mongols would start a battle with a rain of arrows </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongol army would surround and enclose their enemy on horseback. </li></ul><ul><li>Mongols wore silk shirts and light armor for quickness and to absorb arrow attacks </li></ul>
  • 13. Military Conquests <ul><li>Genghis captured Afghanistan and Persia to increase trade </li></ul><ul><li>Genghis captured Armenia and parts of Eastern Europe to open up access to the Caspian Sea </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongols also captured Korea, parts of Russia, and Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongolian Empire was 4 times the size of the Greek Empire </li></ul>
  • 14.  
  • 15. Failure in Japan <ul><li>Genghis Khan looked east to Japan, but found a rare defeat </li></ul><ul><li>Mongols were shipwrecked as they attempted to sail over themselves and their horses to the Japanese coast </li></ul>
  • 16. Next Generation <ul><li>Ogodei Khan took over for his father in 1231 </li></ul><ul><li>He continued Mongol conquests and was at the gates of Vienna before his death in 1241 </li></ul>
  • 17. Mongol-French Alliance? <ul><li>Louis IX was concerned about the growth of Islam and recognized the military skill of the Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>He reached out to Mongke Khan for an alliance against Islam, which was turned down </li></ul>
  • 18. Kublai Khan <ul><li>Kublai Khan was seen as the next great Khan </li></ul><ul><li>He stabilized Mongol government and their territories </li></ul><ul><li>Kublai launched a new assault on Japan - a Mongol, Chinese and Korean force with 23,000 troops, catapults, horses, combustible missiles, bows and arrows </li></ul><ul><li>They were defeated by a hurricane off the south coast of Japan </li></ul>
  • 19.  
  • 20. Mongol Success <ul><li>The Mongols found success due to their hands off policy of rule </li></ul><ul><li>After they conquered a community, they did not disturb that community’s way of life </li></ul><ul><li>Religious and Social Tolerance was a key factor in keeping the empire together </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest change was the taxes went to the Mongols to fund their wars and to build a new infrastructure </li></ul>
  • 21.  
  • 22. Mongolia Today <ul><li>Mongolia fell under Chinese then Russian control until 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>Today people travel to Mongolia for a wilderness vacation. This also includes a “Golf Across Mongolia” vacations. </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolians today face ethnic discrimination in China </li></ul>

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