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Reading And Literacy Development At School And Home Presented by Amy Crandall Tritt Elementary School
Table Talk• What is one of your earliest memories with reading?• What was your favorite book as a child?• Does your child see you read much now?
When does reading instruction begin?• Emergent comprehension considers children’s early experiences as foundations upon which to support later text comprehension. Dooley and Matthews (2009)• Your child has been developing reading skills for the last 5-6 years.
Did you know?• Children who are read to – do better in school – have more self-esteem and confidence – will independently read a book that is read to them Evans (1999)
The Five Dimensions of Reading“When children become good readers inthe early grades, they are more likely to becomebetter learners throughout their school years andbeyond.” National Reading Panel (2000)• Phonemic Awareness• Phonics• Fluency• Vocabulary• Comprehension
Phonemic Awareness• Recognize words that begin with the same sound – Ball, big, boat• Isolate the first or last sound in a word – /g/ for dig• Blend the separate sounds in a word to say the word – "/m/, /a/, /p/-- map."• Segment a word into its separate sounds – "up--/u/, /p/"
Phonemic AwarenessSchool - Home ConnectionAt School: At Home:• Provide opportunities for • Read daily to your childchildren to practice with • Visit the librarythe sounds that make up • Play alphabet gameswords . • Play rhyming games• help children learn to • Model readingrecognize letter names andshapes.•Read to students everyday.Family involvement theory and children’s academic achievement (Galindo and Sheldon, 2012)
Phonics• Recognize word patterns in order to decode words easily. For example, – silent e, (bake, kite) – Diagraphs th, sh,ch (chin, bath)
PhonicsSchool – Home ConnectionAt School: At Home:•Teach how sounds and •Read daily to your childletters are related •Go on a “word hunt” before•Provide opportunities to reading a book.practice the letter-sound •Visit the libraryrelationships they are •Allow your child to practicelearning reading to you •Model Reading
Fluency• The ability to read text accurately and quickly.• Readers can now focus on the meaning of text.• Sight Word Mastery
FluencySchool – Home ConnectionAt School: At Home:• Practice reading sight •Listen as your child reads aloudwords in learning centers •Review sight words•Provide opportunities to •Choral read storiesreread stories to self and •Practice reading familiar booksothers. with expression •Go on a “word hunt” before reading a book
Vocabulary• Words we must know to communicate effectively.• Two Types of Vocabulary: – Oral Vocabulary – Reading Vocabulary
VocabularySchool – Home ConnectionAt School: At Home:•Provide opportunities to •Read predictive and wordlessuse new words orally and books to your childduring reading. •Talk often with your child•Teach the meaning of thenew words.
ComprehensionFirst we learn to read and then we read to learn Jeanne Chall (1983)• Process of understanding or making meaning when reading• Students should: – be aware of what they understand, – identify what they do not understand, and – use strategies to resolve problems in comprehension.
ComprehensionSchool – Home ConnectionAt School: At Home:•Preview a book •Read predictive and wordless•Make connections to story bookswith self, other text •Practice reading familiar•Answer Who? What? books for expressionWhere? When? Why? •Before reading: Go on a•Demonstrate what good “picture walk”readers look •After reading: ask questions •Play “Stump Me.”
The Bottom Line….“Nothing is greater to a child, than a teacher andthe parent coming together for their sake.” Sokolinski (2012)
ReferencesArmbruster, Bonnie; Lehr, Fran, & Osborn, Jean. (2006). A child becomes a reader: Kindergarten through grade 3. Proven ideas from research for parents. Third Edition. National Institute for Literacy. Retrieved from ERIC (ED512442).Dooley, C. & Matthews, M. (2009). Emergent Comprehension: Understanding Comprehension Development Among Young Literacy Learners. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 9, 269-294.Elish-Piper, Laurie (2010). Understanding reading comprehension: Information and ideas for parents about reading comprehension. Illinois Reading Council Journal, 38 (3), 48-52.Elish-Piper, Laurie, Almburg, Anne, Di Domenico, Paula, Henry, Michael, Morley, Samantha, & Sokolinski, Susan. (2012). Parent involvement in reading. Illinois Reading Council Journal, 40 (3). 55-60.Evans, Sue. (1999). Parent power: Helping your child become a better reader. Retrieved from ERIC. (ED426354).Galindoa, Claudia & Sheldon, Steven. (2012). School and home connections and children’s kindergarten achievement gains: The mediating role of family involvement. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27, 190-103.Granfield, Michelle & Smith, Christy. (1995). Teaching parents reading strategies: Changing parents attitudes towards reading at home. Retrieved from ERIC. (ED382940).National Institute for Reading. (). Putting reading first: Helping your child learn to read. Jessup, MD: Partnership for Reading.National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2001). Put reading first: The research building blocks for teaching children to read. Retrieved on July 9, 2012: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/PRF-teachers-k-3.cfm#phonemicNational Reading Panel. (2000). Teaching children to read. Report by the National Reading Panel.