High Bionutrient Crop
Production 2013-14
Dan Kittredge Presenter,
Dan@bionutrient.org
978 257 2627
Day 1
1
Addressing Limiting Factors
• General principle and objective
• Life will do the best with what she has
• Identify limitin...
Life is the Objective
• Supporting and empowering soil life is
the key to healthy plants.
• Things that you do or let be d...
Quality Objective
• Nutrient Level
• Flavor
• Shelf Life

4
Correlations of Health
•
•
•
•

Soil Health
Plant Health
Human Health
Cultural / Environmental Health

5
Topics for Today
•
•
•
•
•
•

Soil Testing / Mineral Balancing
Biological Inoculation
Potting Soil
Tillage
Fertigation / I...
Target levels of macro
minerals
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Base Plus or “Agri-Dyn II” Test
A Strong Acid test
Sulfer - 75 ppm
Phosphor...
Target levels of trace
elements
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Boron - 3 ppm
Manganese 80-90 ppm
Copper - 4 ppm
Zinc - 8 ppm
Cobalt - 2 pp...
Conversions
•
•
•
•

500lbs per acre = 11.5 lbs per 1000sq ft
100lbs per acre = 2.3 lbs per 1000sq ft
20lbs per acre = .46...
Math for Minerals
• PPM - Parts per Million • PPA - Pounds per Acre
• 2,000,000 pounds of soil in the top six
inches of an...
Sulfur for Example
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Need 75 PPM or 150 PPA
Report level 25ppm = 50 ppa
Needed level = 100 ppa
Gypsum is Ca...
Max yearly application Sulfur
• Sulfur - with Calcium needed, 500 pounds per
acre (ppa) gypsum
• Sulfur - with Magnesium a...
Max yearly application
Phosphorus
• Phosphorus - with calcium needed,
500-2000 ppa colloidal soft rock
phosphate, Tennesse...
Max yearly application
Calcium
• Calcium - 500-2000 lbs Calcium Carbonate (Calcite
or Hi-cal Lime) Also Aragonite, Coral C...
Max yearly application
Magnesium
• Magnesium - with Calcium needed 5002000 ppa Dolomite
• Magnesium with Sulfur and Potass...
Max yearly application
Potassium
• Potassium - Spread well, clean wood ash
• Potassium - with Magnesium and Sulfur
needed,...
Max yearly applications Traces

•
•
•
•
•
•

Boron - 30ppa per year borax.
15 ppa per year solubor
Manganese - 5-20ppa man...
Percents in Macro Minerals
• Greensand 7-9% K - 52% Silica
• K-Mag (Sul-po-mag) 22%K - 22%S 11%Mg
• Rock Phosphate 22% P -...
Percents in Trace products
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Solubor = 20% BORON
Borax = 11% boron
Cobalt Sulfate = 27% Cobalt
Copper Sulfate...
Bionutrient Food Association
• Evolute of Real Food Campaign, RTE
• Membership based, multiple
constituencies
• “Increasin...
Inoculants
• Collostrum
• Critical symbiotes for plants.
Foundational life in the food chain
• Bacterial and Fungal specie...
Seed
•
•
•
•

Seed size
Seed history
Seedling vigor - culling
Yield potential - spacing

22
Potting soil
• Besides Compost, peat, vermiculite and
perlite, Consider, Kelp, Alfalfa, Zeolite,
Humate, Montmorillonite, ...
Tillage
• Effect of tillage on soil life
• Strategy for minimal tillage
• Permanent raised beds - green or
brown mulch

24
Complexing Compounds
•
•
•
•
•

Simple sugars
Complete carbohydrates
Complete proteins
Lipids / essential oils
Phytonutrie...
Evolution of pest and
diesease resistance
• Complete carbs - soil borne pathogens
Fusarium, verticilium, alternaria
• Comp...
Fertigation / Irrigation
• Drip tape, sprinkler, hose
• Maintain water at good level in soil at all
times. Critical.
• “Go...
Foliar Spray
• Plant feeding through the leaf surface.
• Backpack sprayer, squirt bottle, etc.
• Best response when an imm...
Homework
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Build permanent beds
Mulch, apply minerals and cover crops
Procure inoculants
Good seed
Potting so...
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Nutrient dense crops 1 (50)

  1. 1. High Bionutrient Crop Production 2013-14 Dan Kittredge Presenter, Dan@bionutrient.org 978 257 2627 Day 1 1
  2. 2. Addressing Limiting Factors • General principle and objective • Life will do the best with what she has • Identify limiting factors and endeavor to address them. • Minerals, biology, carbon, water, air. 2
  3. 3. Life is the Objective • Supporting and empowering soil life is the key to healthy plants. • Things that you do or let be done that harm soil life harm your plants. 3
  4. 4. Quality Objective • Nutrient Level • Flavor • Shelf Life 4
  5. 5. Correlations of Health • • • • Soil Health Plant Health Human Health Cultural / Environmental Health 5
  6. 6. Topics for Today • • • • • • Soil Testing / Mineral Balancing Biological Inoculation Potting Soil Tillage Fertigation / Irrigation Foliar Spraying 6
  7. 7. Target levels of macro minerals • • • • • • • Base Plus or “Agri-Dyn II” Test A Strong Acid test Sulfer - 75 ppm Phosphorus - 75 ppm Calcium - 60-75% Magnesium - 12-18% Potassium - 3-5% 7
  8. 8. Target levels of trace elements • • • • • • • Boron - 3 ppm Manganese 80-90 ppm Copper - 4 ppm Zinc - 8 ppm Cobalt - 2 ppm Molybdenum - 1 ppm Selenium - .5 ppm 8
  9. 9. Conversions • • • • 500lbs per acre = 11.5 lbs per 1000sq ft 100lbs per acre = 2.3 lbs per 1000sq ft 20lbs per acre = .46 lbs per 1000sq ft 5lbs per acre = 2 ounces per 1000sq ft 9
  10. 10. Math for Minerals • PPM - Parts per Million • PPA - Pounds per Acre • 2,000,000 pounds of soil in the top six inches of an acre • PPA = PPM X 2 • Necessary level of Phosphorus and Sulfur 75 PPM = 150 PPA 10
  11. 11. Sulfur for Example • • • • • • • • Need 75 PPM or 150 PPA Report level 25ppm = 50 ppa Needed level = 100 ppa Gypsum is CaSO4 + 2H2O Atomic weight Ca =40, S =32, O = 16, H = 1 40+32+((6X16) = 96)+4 = 172 100/172=.59, 40X.59=23.5, 32X.59=19 100lbs gypsum = 23.5lbs Ca, 19lbs S 11
  12. 12. Max yearly application Sulfur • Sulfur - with Calcium needed, 500 pounds per acre (ppa) gypsum • Sulfur - with Magnesium and Potassium needed 300-500 ppa Sul-Po-Mag or K-mag • Sulfur - with Potassium needed 200-300 ppa potassium sulfate. • Sulfur - with Magnesium needed 200 ppa magnesium sulfate (epsom salt) • Sulfate forms of the trace elements 12
  13. 13. Max yearly application Phosphorus • Phosphorus - with calcium needed, 500-2000 ppa colloidal soft rock phosphate, Tennessee brown rock phosphate, Black hard rock phosphate • Phosphorus - with potassium needed, animal manure, or animal manure based compost. 13
  14. 14. Max yearly application Calcium • Calcium - 500-2000 lbs Calcium Carbonate (Calcite or Hi-cal Lime) Also Aragonite, Coral Calcium, Egg Shells, • Calcium - with Magnesium needed 500-2000 ppa Calcium Magnesium Carbonate, (Dolomite, or Dolomitic Lime) • Calcium - with Sulfur needed, 500 ppa gypsum • Calcium - with Phosphorus needed, 500-2000 ppa Soft Rock Phosphate. • Calcium - Phosphorus and Traces and 14 Paramagnetic needed 500-2000 ppa Carbonatite
  15. 15. Max yearly application Magnesium • Magnesium - with Calcium needed 5002000 ppa Dolomite • Magnesium with Sulfur and Potassium needed 300-500 ppa Sul-Po-Mag or Kmag • Magnesium - with Sulfur needed, 200 ppa magnesium sulfate (epsom salts) 15
  16. 16. Max yearly application Potassium • Potassium - Spread well, clean wood ash • Potassium - with Magnesium and Sulfur needed, 300-500 ppa Sul-Po-Mag or K-mag • Potassium - with Sulfur needed, 200-300 ppa potassium sulfate • Potassium - with Phosphorus needed, animal manure or animal manure based compost 16
  17. 17. Max yearly applications Traces • • • • • • Boron - 30ppa per year borax. 15 ppa per year solubor Manganese - 5-20ppa manganese sulfate Copper - 5 ppa Copper Sulfate. If very low (below 2ppm) up to 10 ppa Zinc - 5-10 ppa Zinc Sulfate. Sodium Molybdate .5 lb actual molybdenum per acre/per year Sodium Selenate .25 lb actual selenium per acre/per year Cobalt Sulfate - 4 ppa per year 17
  18. 18. Percents in Macro Minerals • Greensand 7-9% K - 52% Silica • K-Mag (Sul-po-mag) 22%K - 22%S 11%Mg • Rock Phosphate 22% P - 20% Ca • Hi-cal Lime 38-40% Ca • Dolomitic Lime 30% Ca - 10% Mg 18
  19. 19. Percents in Trace products • • • • • • • Solubor = 20% BORON Borax = 11% boron Cobalt Sulfate = 27% Cobalt Copper Sulfate = 37% Copper Manganese Sulfate = 32% Manganese Zinc Sulfate = 35% Zinc Molybdenum need up to 1/2lb per year, check percentages • Selenium need up to 1/4lb per year, check percentages. 19
  20. 20. Bionutrient Food Association • Evolute of Real Food Campaign, RTE • Membership based, multiple constituencies • “Increasing Quality in the Food Supply” • Education - Courses • Outreach - Handbook, Website, Articles • Research - Bionutrient Meter, 3 yr plan 20
  21. 21. Inoculants • Collostrum • Critical symbiotes for plants. Foundational life in the food chain • Bacterial and Fungal species • Ideally present at germination 21
  22. 22. Seed • • • • Seed size Seed history Seedling vigor - culling Yield potential - spacing 22
  23. 23. Potting soil • Besides Compost, peat, vermiculite and perlite, Consider, Kelp, Alfalfa, Zeolite, Humate, Montmorillonite, Lime, Rock Phosphate, Gypsum, Trace Elements, and critical role of biological inoculants and enzyme stimulants. 23
  24. 24. Tillage • Effect of tillage on soil life • Strategy for minimal tillage • Permanent raised beds - green or brown mulch 24
  25. 25. Complexing Compounds • • • • • Simple sugars Complete carbohydrates Complete proteins Lipids / essential oils Phytonutrients, phytoalexins, antioxidants, plant secondary metabolytes 25
  26. 26. Evolution of pest and diesease resistance • Complete carbs - soil borne pathogens Fusarium, verticilium, alternaria • Complete proteins - larval forms of insects aphids, cabbage looper, tomato hornworm, corn earworm, colorado potato beetle larvae • Complete lipids - air borne pathogens mildews and blights • Complete Phytoalexins - Cucumber beetle, potato beetle, flea beetle, japanese beetle 26
  27. 27. Fertigation / Irrigation • Drip tape, sprinkler, hose • Maintain water at good level in soil at all times. Critical. • “Good Level” able to pick up soil, clench it into ball and have it stay as a ball. • Plan to have this system in place • Fertigation capacity to feed in season 27
  28. 28. Foliar Spray • Plant feeding through the leaf surface. • Backpack sprayer, squirt bottle, etc. • Best response when an immediate turn around is desired. • Very powerful if all other pieces are working. • Plan to be able to do this now. 28
  29. 29. Homework • • • • • • • Build permanent beds Mulch, apply minerals and cover crops Procure inoculants Good seed Potting soil Fertigation and Foliar infrastructure Read, read, read 29
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