Training for New Career Counselors
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Training for New Career Counselors

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Training for New Career Counselors Training for New Career Counselors Presentation Transcript

  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Amy Mazur, Ed. M., NCC, MCDP Career Development Specialist amym@careercounselorsne.orgTell me, what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life? -Mary Oliver
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Take a Breath – What happens?A Metaphor – What we will do today – What you will do with clients
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Outline – Introduction – Career Development Overview – Principles and Processes – Theory and Ethical Guidelines – Helping Relationship: 5 Step Process – Career Information & Resources – Wrap up
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Welcome – Name – Title and Work Functions – Experience with Career Counseling – Expectations of the Day
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors- Maintaining Boundaries- Evaluating Realistic Options- Motivating Clients- Understanding Possibility- Engendering Hope
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors What is Work? What Is Working? What is Career? What is Career Counseling?
  • What is Work? Job  Right Livelihood Occupation  Calling Career  Mission Vocation  Life’s Work
  • Job vs. Careerhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lA2W_oa3lSE&v
  • What is Working?The Psychology of Workingby David Blustein, 2006
  • What is a Career Counselor?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gV5O
  • Who is a Career Counselor?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2LCggmsCXk
  • Definition of Career Counseling The process of assisting individuals in the development of a life-career with focus on the definition of the worker role and how that role interacts with other life roles.  NCDA in Swanson & Fouad
  • Career Development Model SelfAction Options Match
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Self (Reflection) – Includes:  Interest  Roles  Skills  Values  Personal Style  Aptitudes  Priorities  Environments
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Options (Exploration) – Includes:  Research on occupations, industries and labor market  Job shadowing  Volunteer or part-time work  Informational interviews  Written materials, the internet
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Match (Decision-Making) – Includes:  Identifyingand evaluating possibilities  Exploring alternatives  Choosing options – long and short-term  Goal Setting
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Action (Strategy) – Includes:  Buildingin support, accountability and rewards  Networking  Resumes, Cover Letters, Interviews  Negotiating Employment
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Considering Context – Gender – Family – Racial/Ethnic – Dominant Culture  Rosie Bingham, 2007
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors What is a Counseling Theory? Aconceptual framework Describes complex human development May explain, generalize and summarize what we do in counseling Helps client make constructive changes Outcome: Success and Satisfaction
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Why Use a Theory?  To make sense of experience  To bridge gaps  To summarize information  To explain information  To make predictions  To point out relationships  To formulate goals  To stimulate research
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Five Central Tenets Most career theories assume:1. Individualism and autonomy2. A certain level of affluence3. Opportunities are available to all individuals who work hard4. Work is central in people’s lives5. Linearity in the career counseling process -Neville, Gysbers, Heppner, and Johnson (1998), working from a multicultural perspective
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Examples of Career Development Theory  Structural-Interactive (Trait & Factor)  Life-Span (Developmental)  Social Learning/Social Cognitive  Parental Influence  Constructivist  Culturally and Contextually Diverse
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Trait & Factor Theory (1909) Parsons Vocation depends on:  Accurate knowledge of yourself  Thorough knowledge of job specifications  Ability to make a proper match between the two
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Person Environment Fit (1960) Holland Job satisfaction is the result of congruence between personality and work environment  Realistic  Investigative  Artistic  Social  Enterprising  Conventional
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Developmental Theory (1957) Super - Career Maturity is manifested in the successful accomplishment of age and stage developmental tasks throughout the lifespan. - Growth, Exploration, Establishment, Maintenance, Disengagement - Stages & Tasks
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Social Learning Theory (1976) Krumboltz Certain behaviors are modeled, rewarded and reinforced. – Positive and Negative Learning experiences (interaction with the environment) provide information moving us toward or away from occupational options.
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors SocialCognitive Career Theory (SCCT) (1980’s) Betz  One’s belief in one’s capabilities to successfully engage in a specific area of behavior (performance accomplishments, vicarious learning, emotional arousal, and social persuasion & encouragement)  Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectation
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Parental Influence Theory – Individuals can predict occupational selection based on the psychological needs that develop from the interaction between children and their parents. – Child-rearing practices and family systems can significantly influence career choice and decision making.
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Constructivist Theory Career Construction Theory…surveys how individuals construct their careers by using life themes to integrate self-organization of personality and the self-extension of career adaptability into a self-defining whole that animates work, directs occupational choice and shapes vocational adjustment. -Savickas
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Constructivist Theory Shift from:  Information to Experience  Psychometric self to Storied self  Objective to Subjective Career as carrier of personal meaning Client & Counselor as Co-Collaborators Builds on development framework:  Takes context and development into account
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Multicultural Considerations Work is a cultural negotiation. Cognitive appraisals of individuals’ environment (e.g., opportunities, supports, and barriers) and of themselves (self-referent beliefs) direct their academic and career choice behavior. Cultural identity may be indicator of how cultured experiences may be appraised/interpreted that shape how individuals approach or evaluate vocational choices and outcomes.
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Multicultural Considerations (cont’d) Occupational landscape is uneven. Bias and preference privilege members of some groups over others in the job market. Perceptions of vocational opportunity may contribute to uneven representation of groups in career fields.
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career CounselorsRelational Cultural Theory A Healthy Psychological Self Staying in connection with one’s self, with others & with the world. – Gilligan, 1991 Increasing proficiency in connecting to others. – Jean Baker Miller, 1976
  • 5 Good Things Sense of Zest/Well-Being Empowered Action Increased Knowledge of Self & Other Increased Sense of Worth Desire for More Connection
  • Relational Cultural Practice in Career Decision-Making Awareness of relational perspective as central Assessing client’s relational world Exploring a range of relationships - connections & disconnections Assessing client’s relational self & voice - resonant spaces Using relational resources & minimizing negative influences Validating & assisting with disconnections around career issues Enhancing relational connection between client & counselor
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Ethics – Integrity is telling myself the truth. And honesty is telling the truth to other people.  Spencer Johnson – Live so that when your children think of fairness and integrity, they think of you.  H. Jackson Brown, Jr.
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Ethics (www.ncda.org) American Counseling Association  1959 - First formal ethics document reviewed  1961 - Document reviewed by membership Career Counselors - NCDA  One of 17 divisions of ACA  Ethics Guidelines based on ACA document
  • Training for New & Aspiring Career Counselors Ethics  The Counseling Relationship  Confidentiality  Professional Responsibility  Relationship with Other Professionals  Evaluation, Assessment and Interpretation  Teaching, Training and Supervision  Research and Publication  Resolving Ethical Issues
  • The Helping Relationship Five Steps  Relationship Building  Assessment  Goal Setting  Intervention  Termination and follow-up
  • The Helping Relationship Relationship Building – Listen with Authenticity – Slow Down, Do not anticipate – Start with blank slate, Do not assume – Understand contexts – Focus on Process, not Outcome – Trust Yourself, Use Intuition
  • The Helping Relationship Assessment: Traditional  Identifying Skills  Clarifying Values  Exploring Interests  Assessing Abilities
  • The Helping Relationship Assessment: Non - Traditional – Hear the Story – Consider Contexts – Witness and Reflect – Interests, Values & Skills – non-traditional approaches – Relational Map, Vocational Genogram, Developmental Work History, Peak Experiences
  • The Helping Relationship Goal Setting S specific M measurable A achievable R realistic T timely Career Planning & Development Questions
  • The Helping Relationship Intervention  Assessing Readiness  Role Playing  Information Giving  Challenging Assumptions  Identifying Road Blocks
  • The Helping Relationship Termination and Follow-up  Review  Articulate future plans  Follow-up  Use of Technology