NEXT GENERATIONPUBLIC SAFETYPAUL STEINBERG | CHIEF TECHNOLOGY OFFICER, MOTOROLA SOLUTIONSRADCOMMS 2012, MELBOURNE | 7 JUNE 2012
IT’S A WIRELESSBROADBANDWORLDMOBILE DATA TRAFFICWILL INCREASE…18x ?OVER A 5-YEAR SPANFROM 2011-2016GROWING AT ACOMPOUNDED ANNUALGROWTH RATE OF… 78% ? Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast, 2011– 2016, Feb. 2012
SMARTDEVICESPREVAILSMART DEVICE UNITSSHIPPED IN 2011...NEARLY 1B ?PCs, TABLETS AND SMARTPHONES % OF CHILDREN 0-8 THAT HAVEREPRESENTING USED A SMARTSALES OF ALMOST... PHONE, IPOD, IPAD$500B ?SMARTPHONES RULE –Q32011 SMARTPHONES OUTPACEDPC SALES BY NEARLY 30% International Data Corporation (IDC), March 2012 38% ? Common Sense Media, Oct. 2011
MEDIAEVERYWHERE,ANYTIMECONTENT UPLOADEDTO YOUTUBE EVERYMINUTE… ?60 HOURSMORE VIDEO UPLOADED YOUTUBE IS THE LARGESTIN A MONTH ? SOURCE OF MOBILE DATATHAN THE 3 MAJOR U.S. TRAFFIC ACROSS ALLNETWORKS PRODUCED INTERNATIONAL MARKETS,IN LAST… ACCOUNTING FOR MORE THAN 25% OF TOTAL NETWORK DATA60 YEARS ? YouTube, May 2012 IN SOME REGIONS Sandvine, April 2012
SOCIALNETWORKINGREVOLUTIONACTIVE MONTHLYUSERS ON FACEBOOK… ?901 MILLIONUSERS ACCESSINGFACEBOOK THROUGHMOBILE DEVICES…>500 ?MILLION Facebook, April 2012
HOW IS PUBLIC SAFETYDOING IN THIS COMPLEXMULTIMEDIA WORLD?
89% ? PERCENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY DECISION MAKERS WHO BELIEVE DATA IS JUST AS MISSION CRITICAL AS VOICE
PUBLIC SAFETY GOES SOCIAL% OF POLICE AGENCIES WHO USE SOCIAL MEDIA TO...SHARE INFORMATION RECEIVE CRIME MONITOR FORWITH THE PUBLIC... TIPS FROM THE INVESTIGATIVE PUBLIC... LEADS...83% ? 70% ? 89% ?
EYES ONTHE STREETSECURITY CAMERASINSTALLED IN PUBLICPLACES IN THE UK4.2 MILLION ?AGENCIES THAT HAVEINSTALLED VIDEO RECORDERSIN THEIR VEHICLES70% ?AGENCIES THAT USE WIRELESSVIDEO STREAMING46% ?
TODAY’S PUBLIC SAFETYNEEDS INTEGRATED COMMUNICATIONS PERSONAL VEHICULAR INFRASTRUCTUREENHANCED SITUATIONAL AWARENESS SAFETY, COLLABORATION, EFFECTIVENESS
LEX 700 MISSION CRITICAL HANDHELD MOTOROLA PUBLIC SAFETY LTE BUILT FOR UNMATCHED THE STREET CONNECTIVITY HIGH RESOLUTION BAND 14 PUBLIC VIDEO CAMERA SAFETY LTE DEDICATED PTT PTT BUTTON VOIP CLIENT RUGGED, SEALED MISSION CRITICAL CONSTRUCTION BLUETOOTHHW ACCELERATED 3D GRAPHICS BAND 13 PUBLIC CARRIER LTE ULTRA-BRIGHT TOUCH SCREEN MOBILE VPN WITH PRIORITY1.0 GHZ DUAL CORE PROCESSOR 3G EVDO REV. A LONG LASTING BATTERY 3G 1XRTT EXPANSION SLOT 802.11 A/B/G/N WI-FI ENTEPRISE ACCESSORIES GPS DUAL-MIC NOISE REDUCTION PTT VOIP CLIENT THE FIRST DEVICE TO DELIVER COVERT MODE P25 RADIO PAIRING STREET-READY DATA
NEXT GENERATION POLICE CRUISERINTEGRATED COCKPIT | VOICE ACTIVATION | INTEGRATED PTT | CONTROL HEAD P25 LMR | BROADAND LTE | DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDER | WORKSTATION AUTOMATED LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION | STREAMING VIDEO
SPECTRUM IS CRITICALUS ALLOCATES PUBLIC SAFETY SPECTRUM US CONGRESS PASSED BILL TO REALLOCATE D-BLOCK SPECTRUM TO PUBLIC SAFETY$7B TO BUILD NATIONWIDE NETWORK $2B AVAILABLE BEFORE AUCTION $135M IN STATE PLANNING GRANTS “OPT-OUT” CLAUSE FOR STATES GOVERNANCE BY FIRSTNET (FIRST RESPONDER NETWORK AUTHORITY) REQUIRES RETURN OF UHF T-BAND IN 11 YEARS (470-512 MHZ) $115M GRANT FUNDING TO STATE & LOCAL EMS AUTHORITIES
ADEQUATE DEDICATED SPECTRUM IS CRITICALLESSONS LEARNED FROM RECENT EMERGENCIES MINNEAPOLIS DEPUTY MINNEAPOLIS INTERSTATE- 35 BRIDGE COLLAPSE, 2007 POLICE CHIEF ROB ALLEN “The voice radio system worked fine; it reached capacity but worked. Cell phones were absolutely worthless.” SAN DIEGO POLICE WILDFIRES IN SAN DIEGO, 2007 CHIEF WILLIAM LANSDOWNE “We were relying on calls back and forth but fires were eating up some of the cell phone towers so the cell phone system started going down real quick.” MAJOR TOM GROSS HURRICANE WILMA IN SOUTH FLORIDA, OCTOBER 2005 MIAMI-DADE (FLORIDA) POLICE DEPARTMENT “Even if a commercial system stays up and running, it doesn’t mean we’ll have access to it....We have to own the spectrum and manage it to ensure that our data will travel on that network when we need it.” WASHINGTON, D.C., MID-ATLANTIC EARTHQUAKE, 23 AUGUST 2011 POLICE CHIEF CATHY “You couldn’t get on the cell phone, you couldn’t send text messages, LANIER so the key for us was quick communication through our command centers.”
NATIONAL PS BROADBAND NETWORKNETWORK OF NETWORKS LANDSCAPE VIEW Findings from U.S. National Public Safety Telecommunications Council (17/4/2012) Public Safety has unique QoS Requirements Dynamic / Real-time Preemptive Discrete Control Key Use-cases/conditions Responder Emergency Imminent Peril Jurisdictional Priority Incident Command System A national “prioritization framework” is necessary toTECHNICAL ADVISORY BOARD FOR FIRST RESPONDER INTEROPERABILITY – 22-May-2012 accommodate all agencies & (http://www.npstc.org/download.jsp?tableId=37&column=217&id=2334&file= applications sharing resourcesInterop_Board_Final_Report_05_22_12.pdf)
INTEGRATED PUBLIC SAFETYCOMMUNICATIONS SOLUTION NG Emergency Svcs Public Safety Agencies/Forces Public Safety LTE Commercial Carrier PSAP/Control RoomsEmergencyContent/ Service IP IP Mulitmedia MVNO orProviders Dispatch Roaming Consoles PBx Relationship NENA i3/ IT Network- Apps ATIS Standards M-M CAD / RMS MC-Video Carrier Apps Backup M- PTT analytics/mining IMS-based IETF-based PS Interop GW IMS - Unified Services & Mobile VPN Upgraded PGW HSS Carriers/ ISPs Carrier Core LMR Core w/ PCRF Public Safety LTE-readiness SGW MME LTE Core Collocation Collocation where possible Multiple Access Networks Data-Enhanced LMR Sites LTE eNodeB Cellular Carrier 3G/4G, (TEDS) Public Wi-Fi Sites Collaborating or Converged DevicesEmergency callers Alarms, Sensors, Mobile Integrated Voice Companion Alarms, Sensors, Convergedsending multimedia Cameras Tablet Computing & Data LMR Radio 3G/LTESmartphone Cameras LMR/LTE/3G Device
VIDEO QUALITY TIERING Video samples prepared using x264, with a real-time profile, @ 30 frames/sec, using content typical of a public safety incident scene SITUATIONAL TACTICAL STRATEGIC SCANNING AWARENESS DECISION DECISION ORIGINAL ENABLING ENABLINGV1: 128 kbps V2: 384 kbps V3: 1.2 Mbps V4: 3.5 MbpsSQVGA: 160x120 QVGA: 320x240 VGA: 640x480 1.2 MP: 1280x960 Remotely monitor Asses magnitude of capture BOLO images, Direct real-time response multiple cameras looking incident to determine identify near-field license team, positively identify for gross anomalies (e.g. appropriate response plates and vehicles suspects, assess injuries a bridge collapse) Identify number of people Approaching fixed Approaching evidentiary and vehicles involved surveillance video quality (transparent) video quality Receiver-driven digital PTZ
BROADBAND APPLICATION EXAMPLE (1)LIFE CYCLE OF AN INCIDENT – BARRICADED SUSPECT Incident Starts (t=0) Secure Perimeter (t=15) Special Response Arrives (t=60)) Special Response Deploys (t=65) Deploy Large Robot (t=90) Deploy Throw Phone, Recon Robot(t=120) Police Vehicle SWAT Vehicle Police Command Swat Command Fire Helmet Cam Ambulance SWAT Sniper Command/ Large Robot Control Throw Phone Recon Robot Sniper Video Inner Perimeter Robot Video Recon Rob Video Outer Perimeter Sniper Video Negotiation (t=125) Entry Team Deploys (t=240)
BARRICADED SUSPECT INCIDENTENTRY TEAM DEPLOYS Sniper Video Police Vehicle Fire SWAT Vehicle Throw Phone Robot Video Recon Rob Video Sniper Video Police Command Ambulance Swat Command Large Robot Inner Perimeter Command/ Helmet Cam SWAT Sniper Recon Robot Outer Perimeter Control Video Control Secure Multicast Time: 240 min Police: 18 Fire/EMS: 7 SWAT: 30 Negotiators: 2 FBI: 2 Commanders: 2 Cmd/Cntl Vehicles : 1 Ten officers make entry with five lower res video feeds on person (helmet).
20 (10+10) MHz20 (10+10) MHz 16.7 Mbps 16.7 Mbps Entry Team Deploys Secures Building and 10 (5+5) MHz 10 (5+5) MHz Suspect 8.4 Mbps 8.4 Mbps Time: 240 min Police: 18 Fire/EMS: 7 SWAT: 30 Negotiators: 2 20 (10+10) MHz FBI: 220 (10+10) MHz Commanders: 2 8.0 Mbps 8.0 Mbps Cmd/Cntl Vehicles : 1 Ten officers make entry with 10 (5+5) MHz five lower res video feeds on 10 (5+5) MHz 3.5 Mbps person (helmet). 3.5 Mbps
BROADBAND IDENTIFY (T = 0 MINUTES) ISOLATE (T = 30 MINUTES)APPLICATIONEXAMPLE (2)HAZMAT INCIDENT INCIDENT SCENE FIRE VEHICLE TRUCK, SQUAD, ENGINE, HAZMAT AMBULANCE POLICE VEHICLE STATE, FEDERAL VEHICLE INCIDENT COMMAND ENVIRONMENTAL SENSOR HEL MET CAMERA MOBILE SURVEILLANCE CAMERA HELICOPTER AERIAL CAMERA SURVEILLANCE ROBOT NOTIFY MITIGATE (T = 75 MINUTES) (T = 85 MINUTES)
MITIGATE (T=85 MINUTES) T=8INCIDENT SCENE ACTIVITY INCIDENT RESPONSE TEAM 5 All resources are now on scene, including two more chiefs (safety officer, public information) COMMAND VAN 1 Two fully-suited haz-mat techs enter the house with a helmet camera and containment drums FIRE TRUCK/SQUAD/ENGINE 9 The first crew nears their air supply limitation and backs out, while the second team enters and continues containment HAZMAT SUPPORT/DECON/TECH 4 Entry team two reports feeling sick and makes their exit, replaced by a third entry team. Ambulance crews begin treatment of the first and second entry teams and transport them to the hospital. AMBULANCE 4 Command watches in-building video and sensor data from the helmet camera, the camera left by the original entry team and the COMMANDERS, COMMAND 7 robot. Command also continues to observe surveillance aerial , perimeters and sector video SUPPORT Aerial video shows plume is expanding quickly to the north and command expands hot zone FIRE/EMS PERSONNEL 52 Command continues situational updates via video conference. POLICE 16 STATE POLICE, EPA AND 10 FEDERALBROADBAND CAPACITY UTILIZATION - DOWNLINK DOWNLINK APPLICATIONS18 0.3M SITUATIONAL UPDATES (V2x1) 3.5M AERIAL VIDEO (V3x1)15 MEDIAN CAPACITY 10+10 MHz 0.8M PERIMETER TRIPOD VIDEO (V2x2)12 16.7 Mbps 2.4M ROBOT SENSOR DATA, VIDEO (V3x2)9 4.7M ENTRY TEAM SENSORS, VIDEO (V3, V4) MEDIAN CAPACITY 1.5M BUILDING SURV. TRIPOD VIDEO (V2x4)6 5+5 MHz 0.4M DASH VIDEO (V2x1)3 8.4 Mbps - INCIDENT COMMAND DATA0 2.0M BACKGROUND TRAFFIC, INCL. CAD VIDEO DATA BROADBAND CAPACITY UTILIZATION - UPLINK UPLINK APPLICATIONS12 0.3M SITUATIONAL UPDATES (V2x1) MEDIAN CAPACITY - AERIAL VIDEO (V3x1)10 10+10 MHz 0.8M PERIMETER TRIPOD VIDEO (V2x2)8 8.0 Mbps 2.4M ROBOT SENSOR DATA, VIDEO (V3x2) MEDIAN CAPACITY 4.7M ENTRY TEAM SENSORS, VIDEO (V3, V4)6 5+5 MHz 3.5 Mbps 1.5M BUILDING SURV. TRIPOD VIDEO (V2x4)4 0.4M DASH VIDEO (V2x1)2 - INCIDENT COMMAND DATA0 1.0M BACKGROUND TRAFFIC, INCL. CAD
DL Spectral Efficiency 0.975 Reliability in 10MHz Bandwidth DL Sector Throughput in 10 + 10MHz channel 5 45COVERAGE / CAPACITY 4.5 40 0.5CONSIDERATIONS 0.9 4 Spectral Efficiency, bps/Hz/sector 35 0.95 0.975 3.5 30 Incident Locations Mean Throughput, Mbps 3 3GPP Uniform FB Mean 25Incident Scene Detail 2.5 20• Traffic in Three sectors prioritized for 2 Incident Scene Use 15 1.5 Simulation Geometry - Normalized Range Sweep 25 1 10 20 1 12Move Incident Location from 15 14 0.55near BS to Cell Edge 10 00 5 0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.20.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.60.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1 y, km 0 Incident Placement Normalized Range Incident Placement Normalized RangeBackground Traffic -5 0.57 DL Sector Throughput in 10 + 10MHz channel UL Spectral Efficiency 0.975 Reliability in 10MHz Bandwidth -10• Uniform Geographic -15 0.45 0.5 -20 6 0.9 0.4 0.95 Spectral Efficiency, bps/Hz/sector -25 -20 -10 0 10 20 x, km 0.975 0.35 5 Incident Locations Mean Throughput, Mbps 0.3 3GPP Uniform FB Mean 0.254 0.2 3 0.15 0.1 2 0.05 01 0.1 0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.30.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.60.6 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1 1 Incident Placement Normalized Incident Placement Normalized Range
CONSENSUS ON SPECTRUM NEEDS SOURCE: European and Global Harmonisation of Spectrum for Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR)
BROADBAND PUBLIC SAFETY IN US• The United States was the first country to allocate broadband public safety spectrum.• Initially, 5+5 MHz spectrum was allocated for dedicated broadband public safety spectrum. Earlier this year, the US Congress passed a law allocating an additional 5+5 MHz of dedicated PSBB spectrum.• Recently, Canada has also indicated its intention to follow a similar allocation.• A number of broadband public safety LTE networks have been implemented in this band.
BROADBAND PUBLIC SAFETY IN EU 791 821 832 862 11 MHz 30 MHz DL 30 MHz UL Digital Dividend 2 (? MHz) 1 IMT LTE Duplex Gap IMT LTE• Europes 700 MHz digital dividend is only 30+30 MHz and all of this will be allocated to public cellular operators.• Broadband PPDR spectrum in EU may be found in Digital Dividend 2, which is expected beyond 2015. The EU has set up a group called FM49 which is studying the issue to suggest suitable broadband spectrum.• Some countries in Europe are looking at interim solutions in the lower frequency bands around 400 MHz.
BROADBAND PUBLIC SAFETY IN ASIA 3GPP Band 28 UL 3GPP Band 28 DL 10 MHz DT 698 MHz 806 PPDR/ TV 45 MHz 45 MHz MHz LMR APT Harmonised FDD Arrangement of 698-806 MHz band (3GPP LTE Band 28)• Many Asian countries will adopt the APT band plan for the 700 MHz Digital Dividend now adopted by 3GPP as Band 28 for LTE.• Some countries in Asia will allocate the Lower 10+10 MHz (703-713/758- 768) for broadband PPDR.• The advantage of the lower portion is that it will provide a buffer for the DTV below 698 MHz in terms of coexistence and protection of TV services.
OTHER BB PPDR SPECTRUM OPTIONS3GPP 3GPP Band 26 UL 3GPP Band 26 DLBand28 DL 3GPP Band 3GPP Band 5 UL 3GPP Band 3GPP Band 5 DL 27 UL 27 DL Narrow Narrow UMTS/CDMA GSMAPT 700 Band UMTS/CDMA Band UMTS/CDMA DL GB EGSM 880 onwards LMS LMS 803 806 824 849 851 880 890• Some Asian countries are looking at the 800 MHz band, which has been planned by 3GPP for LTE under Bands 5,26 and 27. It is possible to have 10+10 MHz spectrum for broadband public safety within band 26. Australia is considering broadband public safety spectrum in this band.• Some Asian countries are also considering using the US band plan. Within the US 700 MHz band, 3GPP Band 13 or 14 could be used for broadband PPDR for which PSLTE devices are already available. In addition, China is considering 1.4 GHz band for broadband public safety.
TO HELP PEOPLE BE THEIR BESTIN THE MOMENTS THAT MATTER,WE ARE… INVESTING $1B IN R&D ANNUALLY ON INNOVATION DELIVERING UNMATCHED CUSTOMER RESEARCH BY IMMERSING OURSELVES IN THE END-USER EXPERIENCE INNOVATE TO DRIVE THE NEXT GENERATION OF PUBLIC SAFETY WITH SOLUTIONS THAT ELEVATE THE USER EXPERINCE ADVOCATING FOR THE FUTURE SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF OUR CUSTOMERS
SUMMARY BROADBAND TRANSFORMATION PUBLIC SAFETY TODAY HIGH-SPEED DATA & VIDEO LTE IS TECHNOLOGY OF CHOICE DEDICATED SPECTRUM MINIMUM OF 20 MHz (10+10 MHz) SPECTRUM PUBLIC SAFETY TOMORROW BROADBAND IS FOUNDATIONAL