MajorStAIRS Project Design The Element of Value And How it Interacts with the Principles of Contrast and Emphasis (This project is based on the website: ) Articulation Learning to look at Art http://www.brigantine.atlnet.org/GigapaletteGALLERY/websites/ARTiculationFinal/MainPages/About%20This%20Site.htm By Ashley Click
Middle School Art Students
CBI Strategies Used and Incorporated:
Instruction broken down into steps
Pedagogical Strategies and Activities used:
Comparison: Similarities and differences
National Standards used in this StAIR
1. Using knowledge of structures and functions
2. Choosing and evaluating a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas
3. Understanding the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
4. Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others
5. Making connections between visual arts and other disciplines
Objective: Know the Elements of Art
Become familiar with the names of the 7 Elements of Art
Understand what the Elements of Art do in a work of art.
Identify the Element of Value in a work of art
Objective: Know The Principles of Design
Become familiar with the names of the
7 Principles of Design
Understand what Principles of Design do in a work of art
Observe how the Principles of 1 Contrast and Emphasis use the Element of Value
1 The Element of Contrast is used interchangeably with Variety. In the language of Art, they mean the same thing.
The 7 Elements of Art
They are the basic parts of any artwork.
They are rarely seen by themselves.
There are many ways to use them.
An artist chooses how to use the Elements of Art , much like a chef chooses ingredients to use in his/her cooking!
The 7 Principles of Design
They organize the Elements of Art
They are rarely used separately
There are many ways to combine them
They are the “recipes” in which we use the Elements of Art (the ingredients)
Here’s how to use the Elements and Principles together to create a DELICIOUS work of art!!!!! Aunt Ruby’s Recipe for CONTRAST Add a lot of dark values and a lot of light values with just a pinch of medium values…yum!!! Step #1: Plan Artist Recipe book of Principles
Line Value Form color Shape Texture Space The Elements of Art (the ingredients) Add to picture Step #2: Add ingredients! Step #3: ENJOY! Light values Dark values 1 Picasso’s “Guernica” 1 House in the Reina Sofia Museum - Madrid, Spain . Image from Art.Com
Let’s start with the Element of Value
In the language of art, Value is how light or dark something is.
In the example to the right, there is a large Range of Values .
The are light values, medium values, and dark values.
This helps move our eye around the picture.
It would be boring just to stare at one part of the picture!
Artwork by Jenny
This value scale shows a full Range of Values. Do you see a range of values in this picture? Value scale from About Art Artwork by Jenny
Which picture has a wider Range of Values? #1 #2
Value can refer to color as well as black and white. See the 2 examples below:
Look how Value is used in these two works of art:
1. George de La Tour
2. Louise Nevelson
Answer the following question:
Which picture has a wider Range of Values (selection of lights, mediums, darks)?
Click for choices:
De La Tour uses the Element of Value to give Emphasis to the newborn baby in the picture. He is using Contrast to draw our eye to that spot. The light value is a Contrast to the darker values. Our eye is moved to the part in the picture which is most different from the other parts of the picture. In this case, the spot we are drawn to is where the Value is the lightest. The eye is immediately drawn to the Value which is most different. In this example, it’s where the Value is the lightest. That is where the Emphasis is. EXCELLENT WORK!
Remember when we said that the Elements and Principles worked together ……?
What Principle/s are working with Value in “The Newborn”
Both Contrast and Emphasis
Now you’ve learned how Value can give Emphasis to a part in a picture and produce Contrast The Emphasis is on the white box!
You are familiar with the Elements and Principles of Design.
You understand how they work together
You can identify the Element of Value
You know what the Principles of Contrast and Emphasis are
You understand how Contrast and Emphasis can use Value
Look at De La Tour’s “The Newborn” once more….
Where is the lightest Value in the picture?
On the newborn baby
On the head of the lady to the left
On the right hand of the woman holding
Georges De La Tour, 1640’s, Musee des Beaux Arts, Rennes From Image from Web Gallery of Art
Louise Nevelson, Sky Cathedral, 1958, Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York Image from Albright Knox Organization via Artchive
1. The Newborn, by Georges De La Tour
2. Sky Cathedral, by Louise Nevelson
Picture #1 has a wider Range of Values
No Range of Values here!
#2 Has nearly the same Value throughout the picture. Guess Again!
That’s almost right!
Contrast is definitely a Principle we find in “The Newborn”
Sorry. Try again.
Hint: which part of the picture is most different from the other parts?
That’s right!!!! Both Contrast and Emphasis work with Value in this picture.
Value is working with both Contrast and Emphasis. The light value contrasts with the darker values in the picture and in this way the head of “The Newborn” is given Emphasis.
Click here for the credits for this image.
OOOOOOH! You’re getting warmer!
Emphasis is definitely a principle used in “The Newborn” – there is definitely Emphasis on the area where the Value is the lightest!
Bingo! Right on target!!!!
Value helps employ both Principles of Design: Emphasis and Contrast
This area is almost as light in value as the area of the newborn’s head, but not quite…