Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	     Gr...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	    Why	  dense	  ci#es	  are	  gr...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                      Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	                           …a...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  We	  already	  kn...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  We	  already	  kn...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  We	  already	  know	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  A	  significant	  amo...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Reducing	  energy-­‐...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                  Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  People	  living...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                    Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  New	  Yorkers...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  New	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Gr...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                                                              Grey	  is	  Gre...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  How	  do	  they	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Most	  New	  Y...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  New	  Yorkers	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Why	  are	  New	  Yor...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Why	  are	  New	  Yo...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  No,	  in	  fac...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  How	  did	  you	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                               Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  What	  makes	  New...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                  Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  What	  kind	  o...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                    Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  What	  makes	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                         Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	                   Central...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                               Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  If	  people	  live...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                              Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  What	  makes	  peop...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                              Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  …and,	  how	  can	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                              Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  …and,	  how	  can	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                     Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Jobs	    Retail	       Office/...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                              Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Hou...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                        Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Educa#on	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                        Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Entertain...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                      Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transporta#...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                           Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transp...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transporta#on,	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Quality	  of	  L...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Quality	  of	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Quality	  of	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                       Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Quality	  ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                       Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Good	  Arc...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                     Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Public	  Hea...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Public	  Servi...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Public	  Polic...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                     Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Public	  Pol...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Public	  Policie...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Public	  Polic...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Public	  Policies,	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  How	  can	  Ci#es	  b...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                      Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Land	  Use,...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                        Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Land	  Us...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Land	  Use,	  ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                      Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Energy,	  P...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Energy,	  Produc#on	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Energy,	  Produc...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Energy,	  Produc#on	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                  Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Energy-­‐efficien...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Energy,	  Altern...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                         Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transpor...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transporta#on,	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                    Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transporta#on...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                          Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transporta#on,	  Walkin...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Transporta#on,	  Car	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Infrastructure,	  Wat...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                   Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Infrastructure...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                              Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Infrastructure,	  W...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                             Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Infrastructure,	  Wa...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Infrastructure,	  Org...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                 Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Infrastructure,	...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Infrastructure,	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                            Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Materials	  and	  Res...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                  Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Climate	  Contr...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Conclusion	   Ci#...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                                     Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Conclusion	 ...
Ci#es	  and	  Sustainability	                              Grey	  is	  Green	  –	  Green	  is	  Grey	  Conclusion	   To	  ...
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Cities and sustainability2.0_feb_2013

  1. 1. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  
  2. 2. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey   Why  dense  ci#es  are  green,  and..  How  dense  ci#es  can  be  made  greener  
  3. 3. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey   …and  that,    if  people  are  not  able  to  live  in  dense  ci#es,   they  will  make  global  warming  worse  
  4. 4. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  We  already  know  …  The  world’s  popula#on  con#nues  to  grow  and  with  it  demand  for  energy  and  resources.  
  5. 5. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  We  already  know  …  Energy  produc#on/use  is  the  major  contributor  to  climate  change  and  global  warming.      
  6. 6. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  We  already  know  …  What  global  warming  and  climate  change  look  like     jesseandgreg, Tumblr Scott Olson/Getty Images NY Daily News
  7. 7. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  A  significant  amount  of  energy  is  used  for  buildings  and  transporta#on.  
  8. 8. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Reducing  energy-­‐use  for  buildings  and  transporta#on  would  significantly  help  solve  climate  change  and  global  warming.  
  9. 9. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  People  living  in  dense  ci#es  like  New  York  already  use  less  energy  in  buildings  and  transporta#on  than  the  average  American  by  virtue  of  living  in  a  dense  city.  
  10. 10. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  New  Yorkers  Home  Energy  Use:  •  Electricity  Use  KWH  per   Customer1:  •  Dallas:  16,116  •  Chicago:        8,143  •  San  Francisco:      6,753  •  NYC:      4,696  1   plaNYC 2030, 2007
  11. 11. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  New  Yorkers    Transporta#on  Energy  Use:  •  Commu6ng1:  •  U.S.  -­‐      By  car:    86.2%    Other2:      9.6%  •  NYC  -­‐    By  car:  28.1%    Other2:    68.0%   Brooklyn  –  By  car:  24.4  %      Other2:    71.5%   Manha`an  -­‐  By  car:      8.9%    Other2:    84.8%  12 ACS 2008-2010   Public transportation, walk, other
  12. 12. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  New  Yorkers    Transporta#on  Energy  Use:  •  Car-­‐ownership/  Household1,   Average  miles  driven  per  day2:  •  U.S.  :    91.2%  of  HH      27  miles/day  •  NYC  :    45.5%  of  HH      9  miles/day  1  PlaNYC,  Inventory  of  NYC  Greenhouse  Gas  Emissions,  9/2010  (Non-­‐car   ownership  US:  8.8%,  NYC:  54.5%)    2  ACS  2005-­‐2009  
  13. 13. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  New  Yorkers    Transporta#on  Energy  Use:  FUN  FACTS!  •   4,  5,  6  Subway  line  carries  as   many  people  in  one  day  as  the   en#re  Washington,  DC,  Metro   system3  •  NY  Metro  area  share  of   na#onal  commu#ng4:      38%   (share  of  na#onal  popula#on:    5%)      •  3  PlaNYC  2007,  p.81  4  Facts  from  Alan  Pisarskis  Commu#ng  in  America  III  study  ( h`p://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/CIAIIIfacts.pdf)
  14. 14. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  How  do  they  do  it???  
  15. 15. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Most  New  Yorkers  walk  or  use  mass  transit  to  get  to  stores,  offices,  entertainment  venues  or  schools.    They  live  in  small  energy-­‐efficient  homes  that  use  less  than  half  the  energy  of  a  typical  US  home.    They  require  less  infrastructure  per  home  because  they  live  in  dense  buildings  close  to  each  other.      
  16. 16. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  New  Yorkers  walk  a  lot  and  climb  stairs  daily  which  keeps  them  ac#ve  to  live  healthier  and  longer.      They  live,  work  and  play  with  people  from  other  countries,  cultures,  orienta#ons  and  faiths  and  can  be`er  navigate  in  the  global  economy.    And,  as  they  get  older,  they  are  able  to  stay  in  their  homes  longer  because  they  can  reach  shopping,  entertainment,  family,  friends  and  services.  
  17. 17. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Why  are  New  Yorkers  energy  efficient?    What  mo#vates  New  Yorkers  to  behave  this  way?  
  18. 18. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Why  are  New  Yorkers  energy  efficient?    Are  New  Yorkers  environmental  fana#cs?    
  19. 19. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  No,  in  fact,  of  course,  New  Yorkers  are  no  different  than  “average”  Americans.  They  would  just  as  likely  use  a  car  or  live  in  a  one-­‐family  home.    But  they  don’t…  why?  
  20. 20. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  How  did  you  get  to  class  today?  Why?    Why  didn’t  you  drive  a  car?  
  21. 21. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  What  makes  New  Yorkers  choose  to  take  mass  transit?  •  Parking   •  Scarcity   •  Cost  • Traffic  Conges#on   • Time  delays  •   Energy  Efficiency  Benefits   • Low  fossil  fuel  use    
  22. 22. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  What  kind  of  a  home  do  you  live  in?  Why  do  you  not  live  in  a  suburban  home  with  yards  and  a  long  driveway?  
  23. 23. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  What  makes  New  Yorkers  choose  to  live  in  mul#-­‐family  buildings?    •  only  reasonably  priced  choice   of  housing  available   – desirability  raises  property   values   – high  property  values  result   in  more  intense  use  of  land  •   Energy  Efficiency  Benefits   • Lower  U#lity  expenses     • Closer  to  transit,  work,   shopping,  entertainment   • Less  infrastructure  
  24. 24. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey   Central Park My MotherCulture Grocery ShoppingFamily & Friends Bus Worship Nirvana Entertainment
  25. 25. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  If  people  live  much  more  energy-­‐efficiently  in  a  city,  how  can  you  a`ract  more  of  them  there?    What  makes  people  choose  to  live  where  they  live?  
  26. 26. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  What  makes  people  choose  to  live  where  they  live?  •  Jobs    •  Housing  Availability/  Affordability  •  Educa#on  •  Entertainment  and  Culture  •  Transporta#on  Efficiency  and  A`rac#veness  •  24/7  Ac#vity,  Excitement,  Crea#vity  •  Quality  of  Life  •  Good  Architecture  and  Urban  design  •  Public  Services  •  Public  policies/  administra#on  •  Diversity  of  popula#on    
  27. 27. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  …and,  how  can  Ci#es  be  made   even  more  Energy-­‐Efficient?  
  28. 28. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  …and,  how  can  Ci#es  be  made   even  more  Energy-­‐Efficient?  •  Land  Use  •  Energy  •  Transporta#on  •  Infrastructure  •  Synergies  •  Materials  and  Resources  •  Climate  control    
  29. 29. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Jobs   Retail   Office/Service   Culture   Tourism   Educa#on   Industry   Health   Entertainment  
  30. 30. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Housing  Availability  and  Affordability   Public  Housing   Zoning  Incen#ves   Publicly-­‐Subsidized    Housing   Market-­‐Rate  Housing  
  31. 31. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Educa#on   Pra`  Ins#tute,  Brooklyn   Public  School  89,  Cypress  Hills,  Brooklyn   City  College,  Manha`an   Midwood  High  School,  Brooklyn  
  32. 32. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Entertainment  and  Culture   42nd  Street,  Manha`an   Movie  Theater,  Downtown  Brooklyn   Lincoln  Center,  Manha`an   Brooklyn  Museum,  Brooklyn  
  33. 33. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  A`rac#ve  Streetscapes   Broadway,  Manha`an   Pedestrian  Plaza,  Downtown  Brooklyn   West  End  Avenue,  Manha`an   Pedestrian  Plaza,  Midtown  Manha`an  
  34. 34. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  Transit  A`rac#veness  and  Accessibility   Subway  Entrance,  Times  Square,  Manha`an   Disabled-­‐accessible  Bus   Subway  Terminal  with  Solar  Roof   Subway  Elevator  Retrofit  
  35. 35. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  Bicycle  Infrastructure   Bicycle  Parking   Protected  Bicycle  Lanes   Bike  Lane,  Sixth  Avenue,  Manha`an   Bicycling,  Riverside  Park,  Manha`an  
  36. 36. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Quality  of  Life,  Recrea#on  and  Open  Space   Brooklyn  Botanic  Garden   Ba`ery  Park  City,  Manha`an   Brooklyn  Botanic  Garden     Neighborhood  Park,  Brooklyn   Ba`ery  Park  City     Street  Plaza,  Midtown  Manha`an  
  37. 37. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Quality  of  Life,  24/7  Ac#vity  and  Excitement   Coney  Island,  Brooklyn   Times  Square,  Manha`an  
  38. 38. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Quality  of  Life,  Spectacles  and  Excitement   Gates,  Central  Park,  Manha`an,  2005   Waterfalls,  East  River,  2008   Summer  Film  Fes#val,  Manha`an   Street  Fair,  Manha`an  
  39. 39. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Quality  of  Life,  Cleanliness,  Quiet   Times  Square  BID  ,  Street  Cleaning   Quiet  
  40. 40. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Good  Architecture  and  Urban  Design   High  Line,  Manha`an   Chelsea,  Manha`an   Clinton  Hill,  Brooklyn   Upper  West  Side,  Manha`an  
  41. 41. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Public  Health   Fresh  Food  Vending  Cart   Neighborhood  Family  Health  Clinic  
  42. 42. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Public  Services   Public  Safety   Sanita#on   Emergency  Management   Parks  and  Recrea#on  
  43. 43. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Public  Policies,  Private,  Non-­‐Profit  Organiza#ons   Ready  Willing  and  Able/The  Doe  Fund   New  York  Restora#on  Project  
  44. 44. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Public  Policies,  Private,  Non-­‐Profit  Organiza#ons   Police  Athle#c  League   Food  Bank  for  New  York    City    
  45. 45. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Public  Policies,  Private,  Non-­‐Profit  Organiza#ons   El  Puente,  Williamsburg,  Brooklyn   Cypress  Hills  LDC,  Brooklyn  
  46. 46. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Public  Policies,  Private,  Non-­‐Profit  Organiza#ons   SoBRO,  South  Bronx,  The  Bronx   Pra`  Area  Community  Council,  Brooklyn  
  47. 47. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Public  Policies,  Diversity  and  Immigra#on,  Tolerance  and  Acceptance  
  48. 48. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  How  can  Ci#es  be  made  even  more  Energy-­‐Efficient?  •  Land  Use  •  Energy  •  Transporta#on  •  Infrastructure  •  Synergies  •  Materials  and  Resources  •  Climate  control    
  49. 49. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Land  Use,  Density  and  Mix  of  Uses   Office  and  Retail,  The  Bronx   Office  and  Retail,  Brooklyn   Bank  of  America  Tower,  Manha`an  
  50. 50. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Land  Use,  Brownfield  Redevelopment   Via  Verde,  The  Bronx   Morris  Park,  The  Bronx   Via  Verde,  The  Bronx  
  51. 51. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Land  Use,  Entertainment       Coney  Island  Plan,  Brooklyn   Coney  Island  Plan,  Brooklyn   Atlan#c  Yards  Arena,  Brooklyn   Baseball  Park,  Coney  Island,  Brooklyn  
  52. 52. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Energy,  Produc#on  vs.  Reduc#on   Tidal  Power   Tidal  Power,  East  River   Energy-­‐Saving  Appliances  
  53. 53. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Energy,  Produc#on  vs.  Reduc#on   Solar  Panels   Solar  Panels   Individual  Electric  Meters  
  54. 54. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Energy,  Produc#on  vs.  Reduc#on  Geo-­‐thermal  Energy   Geo-­‐thermal  Energy,  Manha`an   Insula#on  Retrofit  
  55. 55. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Energy,  Produc#on   Solar  and  Wind-­‐powered  Ligh#ng  
  56. 56. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Energy-­‐efficiency,  Passive  Climate  Control   Shading   Revolving  Doors   Air  Intake,  Operable  Window   Air  Exchange,  Door  Transom  
  57. 57. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Energy,  Alterna#ves   Warmer  Winter  Clothing  (President  Carter,  1977)   Non-­‐Electric  Alterna#ves  
  58. 58. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  Improved  Mass  Transit   Complete  Street,  Manha`an   Select  Bus  Service,  The  Bronx   Public    Bus,  Brooklyn   Light  Rail,  New  Jersey  
  59. 59. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  Improved  Connec#vity   “MetroCard”  Electronic  Fare  Card   Bicycle  Parking  Shed,  Brooklyn   Bus-­‐Subway  Connec#on,  Manha`an   Regional    Transit  Fare  Integra#on  
  60. 60. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  Bicycling   Bicycle  Parking,  Williamsburg,  Brooklyn   Bicycle  Parking  Garage,  Germany   Bicycle  Parking,  Manha`an   Bicycle  Lanes,  Minneapolis,  MN  
  61. 61. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  Walking  
  62. 62. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Transporta#on,  Car  Sharing  
  63. 63. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Infrastructure,  Water  
  64. 64. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Infrastructure,  Wastewater   Sewage  Discharge,  East  River   Sewage  Discharge,  Hudson  River   Sewage  Districts,  New  York  City  
  65. 65. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Infrastructure,  Wastewater   Stormwater  Reten#on,  Brooklyn   Green  Roof,  Brooklyn  
  66. 66. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Infrastructure,  Wastewater   Greywater  Reuse   Greywater  Reuse  
  67. 67. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Infrastructure,  Organic  Waste  
  68. 68. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Infrastructure,  Solid  Waste   Garbage  Recycling,  Manha`an   Street  Recycling  Cans,  Manha`an   Discarded  Furniture   Used  Goods  Thris  Store,  Manha`an  
  69. 69. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Infrastructure,  Solid  Waste   Curbside  Bulk  Trash,  Manha`an   Used  Goods  Thris  Store,  Manha`an  
  70. 70. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Materials  and  Resources,  Reusable  Containers  
  71. 71. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Climate  Control,  Shading,  Cooling   Pedestrian  Plaza,  Downtown  Brooklyn   Planted  Median,  Downtown  Brooklyn   Street  Trees,  Manha`an  
  72. 72. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Conclusion   Ci#es  with  dense,  mixed-­‐use  neighborhoods  are  part  of  the   solu#on  to  climate  change  because  people  living  there  emit  less   carbon  per  person  than  people  not  living  there   – Preserve  land  for  agriculture  and  for  natural  areas   – Offer  residents  numerous  transporta#on  op#ons,  where  they   will  intrinsically  choose  mass  transit  as  the  fastest  and  easiest   choice  of  transporta#on   – Allow  for  more  efficient  use  of  infrastructure     – Require  less  energy  per  home  due  to  smaller  size  and   compactness  
  73. 73. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Conclusion   Ci#es  with  dense,  mixed-­‐use  neighborhoods  are  part  of  the   solu#on  to  climate  change  because  people  living  there  emit  less   carbon  per  person  than  people  not  living  there     If  a  family  cannot  live  in  a  city  like  New  York,  it  will  need  to  live   elsewhere  and  will  use  two-­‐thirds  more  energy  and  emit  that   much  more  carbon  in  the  atmosphere,  adding  to  global   warming.      
  74. 74. Ci#es  and  Sustainability   Grey  is  Green  –  Green  is  Grey  Conclusion   To  help  solve  climate  change   – Make  ci#es  more  a`rac#ve  to  encourage  more  people  to  live   there.     – Improve  the  energy-­‐efficiency  of  ci#es  to  reduce  energy  use   even  further  and  add  to  the  climate  change  solu#on.  
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