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  1. 1. ACKNOWLEDGEMEN T First of all I take this opportunity to thank my Institution FIAT, my faculty Ms.kalpana Deswal and all the teaching and non – teaching staffs for guiding and assisting me in the complete process of doing this assignment. I would also like to thank all my friends
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION As a part of my course this is an Introduction to the world of aviation. This presentation is about the influence of low cost airlines, Increased number of domestic airlines, effect of India’s improving economy on the development of the Aviation Industry, personal attributes required for a Cabin
  3. 3. TASK - 1 With the help of a PPT/slide presentation not exceeding 5 minutes, explain how the following key factors have effected the development of the aviation industry.  Low cost Airlines  Increased number of domestic airlines  India’s improving economy
  4. 4. LOW COST AIRLINES A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no- frills, discount or budget carrier or airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services.
  5. 5.  The term originated within the airline industry referring to airlines with a lower operating cost structure than their competitors.  The low cost airlines has effected the development of aviation sector but in a positive way.  The concept originated in the US before spreading to EUROPE in the early 1990’s.  India’s first low cost carrier, AIR DECCAN started service on AUG 25, 2003.
  6. 6. LOW COST AIRLINES IN INDIA  Jag son Airlines  Go Air  Paramount Airways  Indigo  Spice Jet  JetLite  Kingfisher Red
  7. 7. ADVANTAGES OF LOW COST AIRLINES Airline for price conscious customers. Increase in employment. New Short-Haul air routes are serviced. Smaller countries can rely on low cost airlines to service them. Allowed more people to fly.
  8. 8. DISADVANTAGES OF LOW COST AIRLINES  No frills such as “free” food/drinks  Increase stress on Air Traffic Controllers  Lower Safety Standards Followed  Greater pollution in Sky  With many of these airlines one cannot book a specific seat.
  9. 9. BUSINESS MODEL Typical low-cost carrier business model practices include:  A single type of aero plane (commonly the Airbus A320 or Boeing 737families), reducing training and servicing costs.  A simple fare scheme, such as charging one-way tickets half that of round-trips (typically fares increase as the plane fills up, which rewards early reservations).  Flying to cheaper, less congested secondary airports and flying early in the morning or late in the evening to avoid air traffic delays and take advantage of lower landing fees.
  10. 10. INCREASING DOMESTIC AIRLINES A domestic airline is a flight that begins and ends in the same country. As of October 30, 2007 the total fleet size of commercial airlines in India is 439.
  11. 11. ADVANTAGES OF INCREASED NUMBER OF DOMESTIC AIRLINES Gives People Choice Prices usually come down More People can afford to Fly Allows People to travel to new cities that previously were not serviced. Improved Services Employment Generation
  12. 12. DISADVANTAGES OF INCREASED NUMBER OF DOMESTIC AIRLINES  Increase in Air Traffic Congestion  Delays  Increase in Air Pollution  Wastage of Fuel  Increase in Prices of Fuel
  13. 13. Improving economy has affected the aviation industry in the following ways:  Consumers have capacity to afford air travel. Consumers have money to spend on tourism, religious tourism and business trips etc.  Competition amongst the Air lines has resulted in sharp decline in air fares.  The importance of time spent on traveling has been understood by the consumers.
  14. 14. TASK - 2 Starting from airbus A-300 passenger carrier, do a research on the current scenario in the aviation industry with active references to the latest, safety equipments upgraded in-flight services in a competitive scenario.
  15. 15. AIRBUS An airbus is an airplane designed for mass transportation of passengers. Airbus is one of the world’s leading aircraft manufactures, and it consistently capture approximately half or more of all orders for airlines with more than 100 seats.
  16. 16. TYPES OF AIRBUS Airbus 300  Airbus A300/A310 Advanced aerodynamically efficient flight controls  The innovative 222-inches airbus fuselage cross section, which gives passengers a more spacious comfortable cabin on a genuine twin aisle wide body jetliner.  The comfortable eight – abreast Economy Class cabin offers more space.  Large overhead storage bins provide unequalled carry on baggage capacity.
  17. 17. Airbus A-300
  18. 18. AIRBUS A- 320  The airbus A - 300 is short to medium range wide body aircraft.  Launched in 1972, the A-300 was very advanced and influenced later subsonic airline designs The technological highlights include:  Advanced wings.  First airliner to be fitted with wind shear protection glass.
  19. 19. A - 350
  20. 20.  Airbus A350 A350 XWB will be built on technologies developed for the airbus A380 & will have a similar cockpit and fly-by-wire system layout.  Fuselage will have a parallel cross section width from door -1 to door-4 to provide maximum usable volume with wider aisles & widest seats.  Seating in economy can be either eight abreast for high comfort & nine abreast for extra high efficiency. Use of latest technologies results in enhanced air quality & cabin environment regulation .
  21. 21. A-380
  22. 22.  Airbus A380 is the first commercial airline with a central wing box made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic.  A - 380 features an improved glass cockpit & fly by wire flight control linked to side sticks.  Also features wingtips fence similar to those found on the A- 310 & A- 320 to alleviate the effect of wake turbulence, increasing fuel efficiency & performance.
  23. 23. TECHNOLOGICAL COMPARISION BETWEEN A-300 AND A-380 On entry in to service in 1974 , the A300 was very advanced and influenced later subsonic airline designs. The technological highlights include: Advanced wings Supercritical aerofoil section for economical performance. first airliner to be fitted with wind shear protection glass. Advanced auto pilots capable of flying the aircraft from landing.
  24. 24. Electrically controlled braking system. Glass cockpit flight instruments. The first airliner to use wingtip fences for better aero - dynamics. Electrically signaling was also been used initially on the A-310 for secondary flight control systems Advanced autopilots capable of flying the aircraft from landing. Electrically controlled braking system.
  25. 25. SAFETY EQUIPMENT Life Vests Fire Seat Belt extinguisher halon and water
  26. 26. COMPARISON CHART(Airbus A-300 and A-380) A - 300 A - 380 The A-300 is one of the The A-380 is Airbus' earliest long-haul aircraft. newest long-haul passenger jet. Single passenger decked aircraft Capable of carrying 260 passengers in two Double passenger deck classes. aircraft Capable of carrying 644 passengers in two classes. The A300 has 1 LCD display per pilot and requires 3 pilots to operate. The A380 has not less than 9 LCD display per pilot and requires 2 pilots to operate.
  27. 27. CONCLUSION This study is a complete survey of aviation industry through this study we know that there is a wide range of development in the aviation industry through this study we found that most profitable , most growing sector is aviation industry especially the future of domestic aviation sector.
  28. 28. BIBLIOGRAPHY www. Airliners . net www . Airbus . com www . Wikipedia . com www . Google . com