IntroductionSooner or later, everyone gets a flat tire. And chances are it won’t happen a good time. I can hear some of you saying “Why should I learn to change my tire? I have road side assistance.” Roadside assistance isn’t always reliable, especially during the holidays or in remote areas. Consider the average response time for roadside assistance is thirty to forty minutes. In most cases, you can change your tire in less than ten! The best time to learn to change your tire is before you get a flat tire. That’s what this course is all about.We have a lot to cover so let’s get started!wel
Safety First If your tire goes flat while you’re driving, pull over to a dry, level place as far from the road as possible. It’s better to drive a short distance on a flat tire than risk your life changing the tire in an unsafe area. Once you’re safely parked: turn off the car;apply the parking brake;turn on the emergency lights; and,open the car hood.
Step 1: Gather your toolsGet started by taking the necessary tools from your trunk. Roadside kits vary, but you need four items to successfully change your tire. Those items are: a spare tire;car jack;tire iron; and, wheel chocks.Roadside kits can include additional accessories such as: road flares;gloves;flashlights; and,jumper cables.You don’t need them, but they’re good to have.
Step 2: Chock the wheelsWheel chocks are wedges of sturdy material placed behind the wheels to prevent accidental movement. If you don’t have chocks you can use bricks or wood blocks as long as they’re heavy enough to prevent the car from moving.To chock the wheels, place the chocks on the wheel diagonally opposite of the wheel you’re replacing.For example, if you’re replacing the right rear wheel, you’d chock the front left wheel.
Step 3: Loosen the wheel nutsTo loosen the wheel nuts:Position the tire iron so the handle rests at three o’clock.Grasp the wrench near the end and push down in a counter clockwise direction. Remember: Righty tighty , lefty looseyLoosen the wheel nuts about a half turn of the wrench. They’re loose enough when you can turn them with your hands.
Step 4: Raise the CarPosition the jack’s base on a solid, level surface near the tire you’re changing. Most cars will have a small notch where the jack fits under the car frame. This area has been specifically reinforced to accommodate the jack.Insert the handle into the jack and slowly crank clockwise until the wheel is high enough off the ground to remove the tire. Two to three inches should be enough.
Step 5: Remove the wheel nutsTo remove the wheel nuts, use your hands to:Unscrew and remove the wheel nuts. Place them in a safe spot such as your pockets or in the hubcap.
Step 6: Chock the WheelsTo replace the tire:Grab the tire with both hands and slide it off the lug bolts.Lay the tire on its side to prevent any chance of rolling away.Place the spare tire onto the car by aligning the wheel holes with the lug bolts.rear wheel, you’d chock the front left wheel.
Step 7: Return the wheel nutsDouble-check the wheel to ensure it’s all the way back on the hub.Reinstall the wheel nuts and tighten them using only your hands. You don’t want to use the tire iron at this point.
Step 8: Lower the carLower the car by slowly turn the jack handle counter-clockwise to lower the car. You’ll know the car is all the way down when the jack comes loose.You can now remove the jack from under the car.
Step 9: Tighten the wheel nutsSelect a wheel nut – it doesn’t matter which one.Using the tire iron, tighten the wheel nut as tight as you can.Next, tighten the wheel nut diagonally oppose the wheel nut you just tightened. If you tire has an odd number of wheel nuts, just select the nut almost diagonally opposite.Continue this pattern for the remaining wheel nuts.
Step 10: Clean up!That’s it. Check your time. How’d you do?Return the chocks, tire jack, tire iron and flat tire to their proper storage place in the trunk.The spare tire is not designed for long distances or speeds over 50 miles per hour. Once you’re back on the road, head to the nearest tire shop for professional servicing.
“Why should I Introductionlearn to changemy tire? I have road side assistance.”
Safety firstOnce You are safeTurn off the car Apply the parking Turn on the Open the car hood brake emergency lights Opening your car hood signals other drivers you’re stopped for repairs.
Gather your toolsFour Essential ToolsSpare tire Car jack Tire iron Wheel chocks Roadside kits can include additional accessories such as: • road flares • gloves • flashlights • jumper cables
Chock the WheelsTo Chock The Wheels Changing right rear?Place the chocks on the wheeldiagonally opposite the wheelyou’re replacing. Chock the left front! Opening your car hood signals other drivers you’re stopped for repairs.
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Loosen the Wheel NutsTo Loosen the Wheel Nuts Righty Tighty1. Position the tire iron so the handle rests at three o’clock2. Grasp the wrench near the end and push it down in a clockwise direction3. Loosen the wheel nuts about a half turn of the wrench Lefty Loosey Did you know? Loosening the wheel nuts before raising the car prevents unnecessary strain on the emergency brake.
Raise the Car Small notch on car frameTo Raise the Car1. Position the jack’s base on a level surface2. Insert the handle and slowly crank clockwise Raise the car about 2 to 3 inches Caution: Never get under a vehicle when the vehicle is on the jack.
Remove the Wheel NutsUsing Your Hands1. Unscrew and remove the nuts2. Place them in a safe spot Caution: If you’ve been driving, be careful handling the wheel nuts – they could be hot!
Replace the tireTo Replace the Tire1. Grab the tire with and slide it off the lug bolts2. Lay the tire on its side3. Place the spare tire onto the car Note: Make sure the air valve is facing out and away from the car. If it’s facing inward, the tire is facing the wrong way!
Return the Wheel NutsTo return the wheel nuts1. Double-check the wheel to ensure it’s all the way back on the hub.2. Reinstall the wheel nuts and tighten them using only your hands. Note: Remember to tighten using only your hands! You’ll use the tire iron to tighten once the car is on the ground.
Lower The CarTo Lower the Car1. Turn the jack handle counter- clockwise2. Remove the jack from under the car Note: You’ll know the car is all the way down when the jack comes loose.
Tighten The Wheel NutsTo Tighten the Nuts1. Select a wheel nut2. Tighten the wheel nut as tight as you canTighten the wheel nut diagonallyoppose the wheel nut you justtightened Note: The crisscross pattern helps ensure the wheel is correctly on the hub
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