Information Literacy
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Information Literacy

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This slide is presented by Mr. Zainal Hasibuan (University of Indonesia)

This slide is presented by Mr. Zainal Hasibuan (University of Indonesia)

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Information Literacy Information Literacy Presentation Transcript

  • Approaches to Improving Information Literacy in Ubiquitous Environments By: Zainal A. Hasibuan University of Indonesia MTI October 2009
  • Background and Motivation
    • Indonesia is geographically vast – 17.000 islands create islands of information literacy.
    • Deployment of ICT in the ubiquitous and h eterogen e ous systems : different data format, different platforms and different protocols – interconnectivity.
    • Large volume of digital information creating, collecting, processing, and disseminating - lack of visibility and accessibility.
  • Problem s and Challenges
    • Low participation rate to enter HEI: it is around 17% .
    • Lack of relevance study program. In 2007, there are 113 sp were closed and 761 new sp were open.
    • Lack of relevance graduates. T he unemployment rate for bachelor degree holders increased from 183,629 to 409, 890.
    • Lack of quality resources sharing (information, facility, human, budget etc.).
    • Regional disparities and inequities that create digital divide, information divide , and knowledge divide.
    •  Solution is to improve information literacy
  • WHAT IS INFORMATION LITERACY ?
    • “ Ability to locate, organize, evaluate and use information ”
    • “ … as a key set of skills that people will need in the information age ”.
    • “ ... initiates, sustains, and extends lifelong learning through abilities that may use technologies ”
    • "A new liberal art that extends from knowing how to use computers and access information to critical reflection on the nature of information itself, its technical infrastructure and its social, cultural, and philosophical context and impact."
  • Objectives of Information Literacy Initiatives
    • Improving number of information literate in HEI’s students.
    • Widening accessibility to various information sources through building up one-stop system.
    • Increasing availablity of digital information sources through endorsment of local content creation.
    • Establishing ICT infrastructures through out the country.
    • Improving the quality of human resources through quality of education.
  • Approaches to Improve Information Literacy
    • Empowering HEI associations to go beyond disciplines and professions – sharing information sources and course materials
    • Empowering forum of HEI libraries
    • Aligning government strategies, especially Ministry Of Education strategies to widening access and improve quality of education
    • Developing a concrete programs: Digital Library Applications and E-Learning, digital content
  • Aligned Government Policy and Investment to Information Literacy Initiatives
    • Issuing decree of education that allows ICT-based education programs.
    • Issuing decree of electronic information transaction that allows fee-based document interchange, course interchange.
    • Developing high speed internet infrastructure among HEI
    • Developing one-stop place to find educational information – electroning education bursa
  • High Speed Internet: Indonesian Higher Education Networks (INHERENT)
  • Development Programs
    • Developing digital library applications
    • Developing e-learning system
    • Developing digital local content: online catalogue, digitalization of documents, online course materials, etc.
    • Developing interlibrary loan among HEI libraries
  • LONTAR: Distributed Digital Library Application at University of Indonesia
  • LONTAR: Distributed Digital Libary Application at UI
    • LONTAR integrate s the concept s of library
    • automation, distributed library system,
    • digital library system and context
    • sensitive information retrieval as its
    • search engine
    • Virtual one-stop place to find information in the distributed library systems
    • Encourage library resource sharing
  • Characteristics of Lontar
    • Transportability, interconnectivity and interoperability
    • Dynamic field of MARC Record
    • SMS gateway
    • Resource sharing among librar ies
    • Import & Export with ISO2709 complian ce
    • Support for internationalizations of language
    • Easy to connect with other information systems
  • SPEKTRA: Library Automation and Digital Content Management System
    • Windows based application deployable in remote areas
    • Low cost maintenance
    • Union catalogue with batch mode updating
    • Interlibrary Services among members of InCU-VL (Indonesian Christian Universities Virtual Library)
  • IndonesiaDLN: Networks of Digital Libraries in Indonesia
    • Lead by Bandung Institute of Technology
    • Open source and Open Archives Initiative
    • Metadata harvesting of digital collections
    • Involve many HEI.
  • Standard dan Interconnectivity
    • Standard for electronic resources: Dublin Core
    • Standard Protocol untuk interconnectivity
      • OPEN Archive Initiative (OAI)-PMH
      • Z39.50
    • Standard data interchange in the Web: XML (eXtensible Markup Language)
  • Scele: E-learning System at University of Indonesia
    • Hybrid and dual mode system
    • Replacing few class sessions
    • Course content:
      • Text
      • Audio
      • Video
    • Accessible through internet
  • PCU Camel: Petra’s E-learning System
    • Enhancing conventional teaching and learning
    • Accessible through internet
    • Course based, not yet program based.
  • SCELE: UI e-Learning System Tutor (on-line 24 hours) Messenger Server Data : - Diskusi File Server Student Data : - Activities - Quiz - Examination Network (Intranet & Internet) Student Digital Library Web Server e-Mail e-Mail Server
  • The Design of HEIs Collaborations Through Grid Technology
  • The Design of e-Learning Resource Sharing in HEI Education InGrid: Collection of Intellectual Capital HEI: A Experienced Lecturers HEI: B Good Learning Materials HEI: C Excellence Researchers HEI: D Industry Linkages HEI: X Own Licensed Products PT X PT Y PT X PT Y PT X PT Y PT X PT Y PT X PT Y PT X PT Y HEI X HEI Y HEI Z HEI P HEI Q HEI R (Source APTIKOM, 2008)
  • E-Learning System in Higher Education Institutions Name of the Higher Education Institution Website Address 1 Universitas Indonesia (University of Indonesia) scele.ui. ac.id , cml.ui. ac.id 2 Institut Teknologi Bandung (Bandung Technology Institute) kuliah.itb.ac.id 3 Universitas Gadjah Mada (University of Gadjah Mada) i-elisa.ugm.ac.id 4 Universitas Bina Nusantara (University of Bina Nusantara) ebinus.com 5 Universitas Terbuka (Open University) ut.ac.id
  • External Forces To Develop Information Society
    • KONFERENSI TINGKAT TINGGI TENTANG MASYARAKAT INFORMASI (WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY - WSIS) http:/www.itu.int/wsis/
  • WSIS adalah ttg: Deklarasi keinginan & komitmen bersama bangsa-2 dunia utk membangun suatu Masyarakat Informasi yg t erpusat pd manusia, inklusif & berorientasi pd pengembangan , di mana semua orang dpt mencipta, mengakses, menggunakan, & berbagi informasi dan pengetahuan , yg memungkinkan para individu, komunitas, & bangsa utk mendptkan- dayagunakan kemampuan penuh mereka dlm rangka mempromosikan pembangunan yg berkesinambungan & memperbaiki kualitas hidup mereka, dg mendasarkan pemikiran kpd tujuan-2 & prinsip-2 dasar Piagam PBB serta sepenuhnya menghormati & menjunjung tinggi Deklarasi HAM Sedunia .
  • Deklarasi Prinsip-2 A. Pandangan/Visi Bersama Kita mengenai Masyarakat Informasi B. Membangun Masyarakat Informasi utk semua orang: Prinsip-2 Utama/Kunci C. Menuju Masyarakat Informasi utk semua orang bdsk/melalui Pengetahuan yg dipakai bersama WSIS Phase I, Geneva - 2003 Membangun Masyarakat Informasi : suatu tantangan global dlm Milenium baru
    • Mengurangi separuh angka kemiskinan dan kelaparan dunia.
    • Mencapai pendidikan dasar sec formal.
    • Pencapaian kesetaraan hak dan kesempatan (gender) antara
    • perempuan dan pria.
    • 4. Mengurangi angka mortalitas anak balita sebesar 2/3.
    • 5. Mengurangi angka mortalitas pd saat kelahiran sebesar 3/4.
    • 6. Menghilangkan penyakit menular khususnya HIV/AIDS dan
    • Malaria.
    • 7. Menciptakan kestabilan ekosistem lingkungan .
    • 8. Menciptakan kerjasama kemitraan secara global , baik dlm bentuk bantuan, perdagangan maupun moratorium hutang.
    Tujuan-2 Pembangunan Milenium (Millennium Development Goals - MDG s )
  • Peran Para Pemangku kepentingan dlm kerjasama kemitraan yg saling mengisi utk menjembatani Kesenjangan Digital Multi-stakeholder Partnerships (Kemitraan Multi- Pemangku Kepentingan)
    • Pemerintah ( Nasional & Lokal)
    • Ciptakan kebijakan & aturan yg komprehensif
    • Mengukur & memonitor masalah-2 kesenj digital
    • Identifikasi permasalahan & selengg konsultas i
    • Promosikan e-Strategi
    • Promosikan Kompetisi
    • Organisasi Internasional
    • Dorong koord standar jak bersama
    • Sediakan forum berbagi penget,
    • pengalaman & sumda
    • Dorong kerjasama
    • Promosikan interoperabilitas
    • Sediakan tenaga ahli
    • Sektor Swasta (Penyedia katras/
    • katnak, wirausaha ind telematika)
    • Berdayakan Humas
    • Latih Tenaga Kerja yg berpotensi
    • Perluas Pasar
    • Promosikan daya telematika
    • Promosikan jasa telematika
    • Masy Madani (indiv, media, LSM, Institusi Akad)
    • Sampaikan kebutuhan masy yg urgen
    • Responsif thd kebut/batasan-2 kultural masy
    • Sempurnakan legitimasi/kepemilikan proyek2
  • Agenda utk Masyarakat Informasi WSIS Phase II, Tunis - 2005
    • Mekanisme Keuangan utk memenuhi tantangan TIK dlm Pembangunan
    • Pengelolaan Internet ( Internet Governance )
    • Implementasi & Tindak Lanjut
  • “ Masyarakat informasi dan masyarakat berbasis pengetahuan merupakan masyarakat yang menyadari kegunaan dan manfaat informasi …” Visi Teknologi Informasi Presiden RI “ Kita meyakini bahwa teknologi informasi adalah salah satu pilar utama pembangunan peradaban manusia saat ini…” “… Tidak ada satupun bidang kehidupan bangsa ataupun sektor pembangunan nasional yang tidak memerlukan penggunaan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi…” “… Dalam kerangka masyarakat berbasis pengetahuan inilah, teknologi informasi diharuskan mampu memberi nilai tambah bagi masyarakat luas …” “… Kita sungguh berharap, teknologi informasi benar-benar dapat menjadi sarana penting dalam proses transformasi menjadi bangsa yang maju …” “… Masyarakat yang cerdas , berarti setiap komponen masyarakat akan bergerak bersama, misalnya mewujudkan gerakan siswa cerdas, gerakan desa maju, gerakan guru cerdas, gerakan pesantren cerdas, gerakan petani cerdas, gerakan aparat cerdas, gerakan nelayan pintar, dan seterusnya…”
  • Conclusions
    • Information literacy initiaves encourage resource sharing and collaboration among HEI.
    • Government policy and regulation are needed to improve ICT infrastructure for information literacy.
    • Developing digital library application and e-learning system aims to improve information literacy, especialy for college students .
  • Q/A