Introduction to Information Management


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This slide is presented by Mr. Zainal Hasibuan (University of Indonesia)

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Introduction to Information Management

  1. 1. Introduction to Multimedia Information Management
  2. 2. Definition of Multimedia <ul><li>Multimedia is media and content that uses a combination of different content forms . </li></ul><ul><li>The term can be used as a noun (a medium with multiple content forms) or as an adjective describing a medium as having multiple content forms. </li></ul><ul><li>The term is used in contrast to media which only use traditional forms of printed or hand-produced material. </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia includes a combination of text , audio , still images , animation , video , and interactivity content forms. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Multimedia is usually recorded and played, displayed or accessed by information content processing devices, such as computerized and electronic devices, but can also be part of a live performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia (as an adjective) also describes electronic media devices used to store and experience multimedia content. Multimedia is distinguished from mixed media in fine art ; by including audio, for example, it has a broader scope. </li></ul><ul><li>The term &quot;rich media&quot; is synonymous for interactive multimedia . Hypermedia can be considered one particular multimedia application. </li></ul>Continued...
  4. 4. Definition of Information <ul><li>Knowledge derived from study, experience, or instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of specific events or situations that has been gathered or received by communication; intelligence or news. See Synonyms at knowledge . </li></ul><ul><li>A collection of facts or data: statistical information. </li></ul><ul><li>The act of informing or the condition of being informed; communication of knowledge: Safety instructions are provided for the information of our passengers. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Science Processed, stored, or transmitted data. </li></ul><ul><li>A numerical measure of the uncertainty of an experimental outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>Law A formal accusation of a crime made by a public officer rather than by grand jury indictment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Meaning of Information (wikipedia) <ul><li>Information as a concept has a diversity of meanings, from everyday usage to technical settings. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally speaking, the concept of information is closely related to notions of constraint , communication , control , data , form , instruction , knowledge , meaning , mental stimulus , pattern , perception , and representation . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Definition of Management <ul><li>Management in all business and human organization activity is simply the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Management comprises planning , organizing , staffing , leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources , financial resources, technological resources, and natural resources . </li></ul><ul><li>Management can also refer to the person or people who perform the act(s) of management. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Information Management <ul><li>T he effective management of the information resources ( internal and external ) of an organization through the proper application of information technology (Lucas ‘75) . </li></ul><ul><li>'Information resource management is the process of architecting and managing the technological infrastructure of the firm. It deals with information conduit, which is a technical issue. One addresses information conduit with hardware (computers, communications networks, office systems) (Synott ‘87) . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Leading Publications on IM <ul><li>Information Management Review </li></ul><ul><li>International Journal of Information Management </li></ul><ul><li>MIS Quarterly ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. C lassification of the field of information management <ul><li>Application areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>banking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>health services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artificial intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>expert systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge-based systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics of information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cost-benefit analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fee-based services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information & productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>value-added processes </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Education for information management </li></ul><ul><li>Information management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aiding business strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chief information officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>computer-based records management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>corporate information resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information resource management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manpower aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>online information systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organizational aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strategic monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>national information policies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information use and users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>end-user computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Systems theory </li></ul>Continued...
  11. 11. <ul><li>Information systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>database systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>data administration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>decision support systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>group decision support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>legal aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>management information systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organizational impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>project management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user involvement </li></ul></ul>Continued...
  12. 12. <ul><li>Information technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>management aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>competitive advantage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>computer-disaster strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>decisions on choices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>economic implications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>information centres </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>legal implications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>marketing and sales potential </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>office automation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>transborder data flow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technology aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>electronic publishing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>laser optics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>office automation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>optical character recognition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personal computers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>telecommunications and IT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>videotex </li></ul></ul></ul>Continued...
  13. 14. The Growth of Information <ul><li>In 2006, the amount of digital information created, captured, and replicated was 1,288 x 1018 bits. In computer parlance, that's 161 exabytes or 161 billion gigabytes (see sidebar). This is about 3 million times the information in all the books ever written. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 2006 and 2010, the information added annually to the digital universe will increase more than six fold from 161 exabytes to 988 exabytes. </li></ul><ul><li>Three major analog to digital conversions are powering this growth – film to digital image capture, analog to digital voice, and analog to digital TV. </li></ul>Worldwide Information Growth Ticker
  14. 15. Information Explosion!!! It Need Information Management