Active Voice and Passive Voice

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Active Voice and Passive Voice

  1. 1. AND PASSIVE VOICE ACTIVE VOICE
  2. 2. What is active voice and passive voice ? • The active voice is the "normal" voice. This is the voice that we use most of the time. You are probably already familiar with the active voice. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb. • The passive voice is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb. • The object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb.
  3. 3. Grammar: Active and Passive voice Active Voice • Formula S + V + O + adjective/adverb • Examples of the sentences : 1. Agus gives Rany a present in her birthday. 2. They punched the thief yesterday. 3. You wrote application letter for our company. 4. Andy kicks the ball.
  4. 4. Grammar: Active and Passive voice • Passive Voice • Formula S + to be + VIII + by + O + Adjective/adverb • Examples of the sentences : 1. The ball is kicked by Andy 2. Rany is given a present in her birthday by Agus. 3. The thief was punched by them yesterday. 4. Application letter was written by me for your company.
  5. 5. Grammar: Active and Passive voice Modal Auxiliaries in Passive Voice • Formula Modal + be + past participle • Example of the sentence: 1. She can be judged as the trouble maker. 2. They should be transited in the guest room. 3. We might be forgotten by them. 4. The paper shall be leaved here by Andy.
  6. 6. In passive voice, there is also positive, negative and interrogative form of the sentence. The form is like the common formula. The example as follow: • Positive 1. The boy is not accompanied by his family. 2. The tiger is killed by the hunter 3. They are leaved by the teacher. 4. We are cheated by the officer. 5. The garden is cleaned by Lisa. • Negative 1. The boy is not accompanied by his family. 2. The tiger is not killed by the hunter. 3. They are not leaved by the teach. 4. We are not cheated by the officer. 5. The garden is not cleaned by Lisa.
  7. 7. In passive voice, there is also positive, negative and interrogative form of the sentence. The form is like the common formula. The example as follow: • Interrogative 1. Is the boy accompanied by his family? 2. Is the tiger killed by the hunter? 3. Are they leaved by the teacher? 4. Are the cheated by the officer? 5. Is the garden cleaned by Lisa? • Who – question 1.Who is accompanied the boy? 2. Who is killed the tiger? 3. Who are leaved by the teacher? 4. Who are the cheated to us? 5. Who is cleaned the garden?
  8. 8. ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE
  9. 9. EXERCISE ACTIVE OR PASSIVE VOICE 1) They often listen to music. - (Active) 2) She is reading the newspaper now. - (Active) 3) These cars are produced in Japan. - (Passive) 4) Alan teaches Geography. - (Active) 5) German is spoken in Austria. - (Passive) 6) Lots of houses were destroyed by the earthquake in 1906. - (Passive) 7) Henry Ford invented the assembly line. - (Active) 8) The bus driver was hurt yesterday. - (Passive) 9) You should open your workbooks. - (Active) 10) Houses have been built. – (Passive)

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