Modern Definition Of Census:A census of population is the total process of• Collecting• Compiling,• Evaluating ,• Analyzing and PublishingDemographic, Economic and Social dataAt a specific time, to all persons in a country. OR
• The enumeration of the entire population of a country or a region at a particular time is known as a census.
Salient features of a Population Census:1. Individual enumeration,2. Universality within a defined territory,3. Simultaneity &4. Defined periodicity
Individual Enumeration• A census implies that each individual is separately, but only once, enumerated and that some important characteristics of each person are separately recorded. These include :- Marital sex age status Religion Educational literacy attainment Economic Etc. occupation activity
Universality within a defined territory• Ideally, a national census should cover the country’s entire territory and all people resident places.
Simultaneity• Ideally, census is taken of a given day. To avoid omissions and duplications in census, it should be taken in a given day but it is not possible particularly in case of de jure census.• eg: in case of residence ,when a person is living for more than 5 years at a particular place and income in the preceding calendar year.
DEFINIED PERIODICITY• “Census should be taken at regular intervals, so that comparable information is made available in a fixed sequence.”• A series of censuses make it possible to :- Appraise the past Accurately describe the present & Estimate the future
USES OF THE CENSUS• Population census is the primary source of basic national population data;• Required for administrative purpose &• For many aspects of economic and social planning and research.
• It provides us with information onTrends in population growth,Change in the age and sex structure of the population,The course of mortality and fertility, migration and urbanization etc.
HOUSE LISTING• Houselisting operations are prerequisite to the population enumeration for conducting census in India.OBJECTIVE:• Is to number and list out all the building, census houses and households so as to serve as an inventory for organising the population enumeration.
Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner • Under the Ministry of Home Affair , GOI. • Headed by Registrar general & Census commissioner. • Appointed by central government. • Responsibility of conducting census all over the country.
• In each state and union territory ,census operation are under Director of Census Operation.• In Tamilnadu , Commissioner of Revenue Administration is responsible for Census Operation.• At district level , collector is designated as Principal Census Officers.• In ten municipal corporation areas Commissioners of Corporations have been designated as the Principal Census Officers.• In Chennai, Commissioners of Corporations is designated as principal census officer.
• A number of officers are designated as Census Officers at various sub-district levels to assist the Principal Census Officers in the conduct of Census.
Census act 1948The legislature has enacted certain provision in theIndia under Census Act, 1948. These provision areAsking of questions and obligation to answerOccupier to permit access and affixing of numbersRecords of Census not open to inspection noradmissible in evidence.Protection of service interests of members ofCensus staff.Protection of action taken in good faith.
Continue……….PenaltiesAny person who refuses to cooperate may be finedwith Rs. 1000 or/and imprisoned for 3 years.
Census house A census house is a building or part of a building used or recognised as a separate unit because of having a separate main entrance from the road or common courtyard or staircase, etc.• It may be occupied or vacant.• It may be used for a residential or non- residential purpose or both. Houselisting block It means a specific area allotted to a specific enumerator for the purpose of carrying out census operations relating to house numbering and house listing.
Houselisting operationIt includes• preparation of maps• Preparation of houselists and• house numbering.Map: it includes•National map•layout sketchNatinol Map is prepared for entire village or urban block and itshows the location of each enumeration block within a village ortown.Layout sketch is a detailed map of the block assigned to theenumerator showing streets and buildings on the street.
House-numberig:Each building or house is numbered in series.Houselist:Identification particulars of the numeration block and the details ofthe building, census houses, names of the head of the house hold etcare furnished. For listing of these units/households, enumerator has to visit all thehouses/households/units of the village/UFS blocks.On the basis of houselist, enumeration blocks are carved out and eachsuch enumeration block is allotted to an enumerator during the actualcensus.
All the enumerators are thoroughly trained and they receive all therelevant Schedules and other materials as :• Village/ Ward Map showing the boundaries of the HLB• Enumerator’s kit• Sheets for preparing Layout Map• State List of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes• Instruction Manual for House listing and Housing Census• Instruction Manual for NPR Household Schedule• House listing and Housing Census Schedules• NPR Schedules• House list Abstract forms• NPR Working sheets• NPR Enumerator’s Abstract• Acknowledgement Slip Booklet(s)
TRAINERS CAN BE CLASSIFIED AS: NATIONAL TRAINERS(MTs) MASTER TRAINER FACILITATORS MTFs MASTER TRAINERS MT ENUMERATORS AND SUPERVISORS
Training plan for house listing Training is conducted at three levels:• State level training• District level training• Charge level training
STATE LEVEL TRAININGState level training is conducted at state headquarterby the Directorate in which Municipal Commissioners & Principal Census officers ofmunicipalCorporations,Divisional Census Officers,District Census Officers,additional District census officers and,City Census Officers participates.Training is imparted by expert faculty of trained NTs
DISTRICT LEVEL TRAININGDistrict level training is held at district headquarters forCharge Officers and for Master Trainers (MTs).In this training of three days duration,two days are reserved for House Listing Operation and one day forNational Population Register.Collector & Principal Census Officers, District CensusOfficers, additional district census officer, city censusofficers, charge officers and master trainers are trained in this way.Training is conducted by faculty of trained national trainers (NTs)and MTFs.
CHARGE LEVEL TRAININGCharge level trainings for enumerators and supervisors isorganised at charge headquarters.The three days training is given by the MTs which includes two days for the House Listing Operation and oneday for NPR.
Unique Identification `Authority of India(UIDAI)
• The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is an agency of the Government of India responsible for implementing the AADHAAR scheme, a unique identification project.• The authority aims is to provide a unique id number to all Indians.• The authority will maintain a database of residents containing biometric and other data.
• The UIDAI is part of the Planning Commission of India• Annual Budget 3000 crore (US$608.4 million)• Established in February 2009
FEATURES• Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique number.• The number will be stored in a centralized database.• It is easily verifiable in an online, cost- effective way.• The first resident to receive an AADHAAR was Rajana Sonawane of Tembhli village, Maharashtra.