Leadership

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Leadership

  1. 1. Leadership Department Chairs Meeting
  2. 2. What is Leadership? <ul><li>Not about intelligence or power </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership is personal qualities of leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivating power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intuitive avbilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Or in other words – Emotional Intelligence </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3 Theories of Leadership <ul><li>Trait Theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compares traits of leaders vs. non-leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent studies include job-related skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies by Iowa, Ohio State, & Michigan Us identified behaviors of effective leaders </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 3 Theories of Leadership (cont.) <ul><li>Contingency Theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grew out of behavioral studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More complex than trait or behavioral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers moderator variables such as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leader-member relations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subordinate motivation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Path=goal clarity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Contingency Theories <ul><li>Contingency Theories are based on one of two assumptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leaders must change behavior to fit situation (House’s path-goal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders must change situation to fit leader’s behavior (Fiedler’s contingency theory) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Outgrowth’s of Contingency Theories <ul><li>Tannenbaum and Schmidt’s leadership-style continuum </li></ul><ul><li>Blake and Mouton’s managerial grid </li></ul><ul><li>Reddin’s three-dimensional leadership styles </li></ul><ul><li>Hersey and Blanchard’s situational leadership model </li></ul>
  7. 7. Contemporary Leadership Perspectives <ul><li>Vertical dyad linkage model </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal influence teory </li></ul><ul><li>Substitutes for leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Transformational leadership </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conclusions from Leadership Theories <ul><li>Difficult to isolate exact qualities that make a good leader </li></ul><ul><li>No one theory always explains effective leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Leader’s effectiveness determined by interaction of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader traits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills of leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various situational factors </li></ul></ul>

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