Risk evaluation presentation power point


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Risk evaluation presentation power point

  1. 1. Europeid/114778/C/SV/UAA. Cerdá Micó 1 (modified by the Nice Treaty) Social Policy • The Community will support and will complete the activities of the Member States in: a) the improvement of the work environment to protect the workers’ health and safety b) improving of working conditions Art. 137.1 (before 118)
  2. 2. Europeid/114778/C/SV/UAA. Cerdá Micó 2 Art. 137 • To such an end, the Council will: – adopt directives as minimum dispositions that will apply progressively, taking into account the conditions and existent technical regulations in each one of the States members... article 95 (ex. 100A) ECONOMIC POLICY The Commission, in its propossals to armonize the legislations on health and safety will be based on a high protection level, taking into account any progress in the state of arts.
  3. 3. Europeid/114778/C/SV/UAA. Cerdá Micó 3 FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE 89/391 EQUIPMENT SPECIFIC RISKS WORK PLACES AGENTS Work Equipment 89/655 95/63 2001/45 P P E 89/656 Display screens 90/270 Manual handling 90/269 Pregnant workers 92/85 Explosives atmospheres 1999/92 Workplaces 89/654 Signs 92/58 Drilling 92/104 Mining 92/104 Fishing vessels 93/103 Construction 92/57 Biological 2000/54 Carcinogens 90/394 97/42 1999/38 Chemical 98/24 Noise 2003/10 Vibrations 2002/44 Asbestos 83/477 91/382 2003/18 Limit Values 91/322 96/94
  4. 4. Europeid/114778/C/SV/UAA. Cerdá Micó 4 ART.137 (Ex Art. 118A) Working Time 93/104 2000/34 2003/88 Temporary employment 91/383 Medical Treatment on board vessels 92/29 Self-employed 2003/134 Working time Road transport 2002/15 Working time for Civil pilots 2000/79 Working time for Fishing People 1999/63 Young Workers 94/33
  5. 5. Europeid/114778/C/SV/UAA. Cerdá Micó 5 OHS PREVENTION Council Directive 89/391/EEC (12 June 1989) introduction of measures to encourage improvements in occupational safety and health PRINCIPLES & PHASES OF PREVENTIVE ACTION
  6. 6. PREVENTING LABOUR RISK Definition: • all required steps/measures • planned or adopted • at all stages of work in the undertaking • to prevent or reduce occupational risks. This is achieved by • INTEGRATING OHS in all activities and decissions of the Company • DISTRIBUTING RESPONSIBILITIES at all levels
  7. 7. Prevention: PHASES 1. Evaluating the risks. 2. Planning the preventive activities. 3. Organization of resources. 4. Qualified staff in charge of the prevention.
  8. 8.  General Preventive Principles • To avoid the risk • To evaluate the unavoidable ones • To combat them at source • To adapt the work to the person • To adapt to technical progress (state of arts) • Replace the dangerous substances for harmless ones • Overall preventive policy • Collective protection prior to individual ones • Provide instructions and training to workers
  9. 9. RISK EVALUATION DEFINITION: process addressed to • estimate the magnitude of risks that have not been able to avoid • obtaining the necessary information so that the manager can take appropriate decisions • to adopt preventive measures and, in such a case, • the type of measures to be adopted • fixing priorities (planning)
  10. 10. R.E. TYPES • INITIAL with occasion of: • New legislation introduced (Ukraine Law on OHS 1992) • New work centre • Substantial modification of work places • To UP GRADE working conditions - with occasion Health Surveillance/ accidents at works • REGULAR FOLLOW-UP (up to national legislation)
  11. 11. R. E. PROCEDURE (I) From the information obtained about the - characteristic and complexity of work process - work equipment - evaluation of workers' health the RE will proceed to: • Determinate if there are dangerous elements • Identify the exposed workers and their sensitivity to risk • Evaluate the existing risk according to objective indicators
  12. 12. E.R. PROCEDURE (II) • The RESULTS have to be TRUSTED & VERIFICABLE • Applied MEASUREMENTS, ANALYSIS and TEST: - national standards or regulations - orientate guidelines - international guidelines or standards (ILO, Member States research institutes, others)
  13. 13. Competent Technicians for Risk Evaluation • Functions for basic level. • Functions for intermediate level. • Functions of High level technicians on the different preventive disciplines medicine at work safety at work industrial hygiene ergonomics & psicosociology
  14. 14. PREVENTIVE PLANNING • The annual program for preventive activities will integrate: - the human & material resources available; - the assignment of budgeted resources; - the emergency measures & health surveillance; - the information and training for workers; - the coordination of all these aspects
  15. 15. ORGANIZATION of RESOURCES (art. 7 Framework Dir) The organization of necessary resources will be arranged by the employer. There are the following modalities: a) National legislation will foresee the nature of the activities and size of the undertakings in which the employer, provided he is competent, may himself take responsibility for OHS b) Designating one or several workers to carry it out c) Set up internal preventive service d) External preventive service
  16. 16. a) Employer in charge of prevention. Spanish case. • Micro enterprises: companies less than 6 workers. • Personally present in the work centre • Has the required capacity • NO included health surveillance
  17. 17. b) Designated workers • The manager can designate one or several workers to be in charge of OHS activities in the company. • The designated workers should be enough in number & possess appropriate capacity, resources and time to fulfil their functions.
  18. 18. c) INTERNAL PREVENTIVE SERVICE • human and materials resources needed in the company to carry out prevention • The companies that develop activities simultaneously in one work centre, building, commercial or industrial area can set up joint preventive services (SMEs) • Ukraine: more than 50 workers OHS Service; 20 to 50 w = several trained persons
  19. 19. d) External Occupational Preventive Services Specialized entity contracted by the enterprise to: • provide occasional advice and support according to the type of risks (risk evaluation or accident investigation) • Implement preventive activities; • both jointly. The contract is normally in writing
  20. 20. d) External Preventive Services: when? • When the appointment of one or several workers is not sufficient for the realization of the activity of prevention. • When the company is not legally obliged to set up an internal service • Joint models; Municipal models; Private models; Branch models • Good neighbour scheme
  21. 21. Workers representatives for prevention • Not the employer OHS appointed person • Workers' representatives with a specific role will receive appropriate training • not be placed at a disadvantage / adequate time off work / without loss of pay / provide them with necessary means / take part in discussions on all OHS • balanced participation in accordance with national laws and/or practices • Measures related to OHS in no circumstances involve the workers in financial cost
  22. 22. Europeid/114778/C/SV/UAA. Cerdá Micó 22
  23. 23. Europeid/114778/C/SV/UAA. Cerdá Micó 23 Development of OSH Insurance Fund: Challenge • Up-grade institutions • Up-date staff and train • Coordinate and interact to implement effective OHS policies avoiding overlap (Ministries/Interdepartmental/Social Partners) • Develop and promote OHS institutions (R.E, preventive services, technicians levels, etc.)