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  • 1. 1 China International Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry , Shenzhen Oct. 2009 A. Cerdá Micó Holistic Public Role on Occupational Safety and Health at Chemical Industry. EU Models Alberto Cerdá Micó Labour and Social Security Inspector (Spain) Expert on Social and Economic Cohesion
  • 2. 2 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development. A. Cerdá OSH Chemical Industry & Public Authorities role EU Models • Dangerous substances found in many workplaces (farms to hospitals) • 22% EU workers exposed to toxic vapours for a quarter of their working time • 16% handle dangerous substances as part of daily work. Effects ranging from skin irritations to chronic lung disorders & cancer • OSH: is not only a matter of laws & regulations. Need combine compulsary enforcement with other instruments: - - social dialogue; - good practices; - awareness raising; - corporate social responsibility - economic incentives and public support
  • 3. 3 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá OSH Chemical Industry & Public Authorities role EU Models • EU countries´s governments implement a wide range of public sector roles to encourage implementation of OSH: - Mandating: Set standards through laws and regulations - Facilitating: Non-binding guidance and support, like production of guidelines and training on OSH - Partnering: Stakeholder engagement and social dialogue - Endorsing: Highlighting best OSH practices and OSH awards
  • 4. 4 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá EU OSH Legal and Institutional Model • European OSH Strategy run from 2007-2012 with an objective to reduce 25% of occupational accidents. • Set out actions in the following main areas: 1. improving and simplifying existing legislation through non-binding instruments: - technical guidelines - dissemination - training - information etc 2. defining and implementing national strategies adjusted to the specific context of each Member State
  • 5. 5 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá EU OSH Legal and Institutional Model 3. linking health and safety within other policy areas: - education (progresive introduction of OSH culture at schools and universities) - public health (links with heath authorities and programs) - research 4. better identifying and assessing potential new risks through more research, exchange of knowledge and practical application of results.
  • 6. 6 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá EU OSH Legal and Institutional Model I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING The European Agency for Safety and Health (EU -OSHA), placed in Bilbao, is the central provider of OSH information: relevant to every user, regardless of size of enterprise or sector of activity
  • 7. 7 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING • analyse new scientific research and statistics on workplace risks • anticipate new and emerging risks through European Risk Obserbatory • identify and share information & good practices with a wide audience • Main awareness-raising activity is the Healthy Workplaces campaign: different theme every 2 years • Identifies OSH information & make accessible to safety representatives, managers, employers and workers, trade unions and policy-makers.
  • 8. 8 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING Agency has run an annual European Campaign since 2000: more than 30 countries participating & 4 million information materials distributed in all official community languages Campaign 2008-2009: Others:
  • 9. 9 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING Aim of 08-09 campaign: promote an integrated management approach that takes into account the different steps of risk assessment. Duration: two-year to underline that risk assessment is a systematic examination of all aspects of the work undertaken to consider: -        - what can cause injury or harm, -        - whether the hazards can be eliminated and, - if not, what preventive or protective measures are, or should be, in place to
  • 10. 10 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING - Where: 2003 Campaign: run in all 15 EU Member States, the candidate countries, and beyond - When: Week campaign October 2003, each country deciding which week is designated. However, the campaign run throughout 2003 - WHY does Europe need to tackle the problem of dangerous substances at work?: harm people’s health & loss of productivity - WHAT can be done?
  • 11. 11 China International Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING OSH GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS Employers have to ensure that workers are informed - trained on hazardous properties of the agents manipulated & appropriate precautions To facilitate the understanding of regulations & standards in practical terms on how the OSH legal requirements apply at enterprise level for each work place Guidelines are prepared, published and disseminated by EU and member states & OSH Focal points, mostly free of charge.
  • 12. 12 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING Typical OSH GUIDELINE on the production o use of harmful chemical substances will include: - What is a Chemical Hazard and what is Risk Assessment - What it is not harmful - Scope and Application (economic sectors and work places included in the guideline) - Assessment Strategy - The Substances: Physical and chemical properties - Harmful and adverse health effects - Description of Activities with chemical products - Risk Assessment (including description of methodologies and technical processes
  • 13. 13 I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING Criteria for determining excessive personal exposure Exposures judged excessive by severity of effect Criteria for excessive risk of fire or explosion Unstable substances. Incompatible substances Frequency or duration of unsafe condition People who may be at risk from the work activity Conclusions about risk. Preventive measures Monitoring Personal Exposure. Health tests OSH organizations within the company providing OSH health control and follow up Emergency Measures Review of the Assessment
  • 14. 14 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá I DISSEMINATION AND TRAINING Other tools for OSH promotion: - EU best practices on chemical risks - Publications - Reports -  Literature Reviews - OSH-Mail - Evaluation Reports on OSH performance - Linking with other relevant organizations and strategies. OSH Focal Points - Training: very often free of charge or with public support
  • 15. 15 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá EU OSH Legal and Institutional Model II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS a) The OSH Framework Directive, 89/391/EEC, applies to all risks • The Directive set up as main obligation for the employers: - Determine whether any hazardous chemical agents are present in the workplace - Assess any risk to the S&H of workers arising from their use - Ensure that the risk is eliminated or reduced to a minimum
  • 16. 16 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá There are 5 OSH downstream directives related to dangerous substances: – Chemical Agents Directive 98/24/EC – Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive 2004/37/EC – Safety Signs Directive 92/58/EEC – Pregnant Workers Directive 92/85/EEC – Young People at Work Directive 94/33/EEC II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS
  • 17. 17 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS b) Labour Inspectorate & OSH Preventive Services • Labour inspectorates play a central role in promoting safety and health at work • First hand information from labour inspectorates has to be taken into consideration by public authorities • Labour inspectorates are complemented in EU countries by the role played by OSH Preventive services • Framework Directive 1989: companies will set up protective and preventive services
  • 18. 18 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS b) Labour Inspectorate & OSH Preventive Services • the external services and/or designated persons and workers must have the necessary aptitudes, personal and professional means • the designated workers and/or the external services must be sufficient in number to deal with the organization of protective and preventive measures taking into account all work places and risks derivated witht the existance of dangerous substances.
  • 19. 19 Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS c) Health Surveillance • Needed when there are hazardous substances at work place • The public authorities have to monitor that companies comply with the following principles: - For each worker individual health and exposure records are made and kept up-to-date - Health and exposure records shall contain a summary of the results -The individual worker should have access to the health and exposure records relating to him
  • 20. 20 II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS c) Health Surveillance • As a result of health surveillance if a worker is found to have an identifiable disease effect considered by a doctor the employer should: - review the risk assessment - review the measures provided to eliminate or reduce risks, - take into account the advice of the the competent authority in implementing any measures required to eliminate or reduce risk Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá
  • 21. 21 II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS d) Principles for Control of Exposure to Substances Hazardous to Health Exposure to hazardous substances must be prevented or controlled by: 1 the design and use of appropriate work processes, systems, engineering controls 2. use of suitable work equipment and materials 3. control of exposure at source 4. as a last resort where adequate control cannot be achieved by other means, in addition to the above, use personal protective equipment Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá
  • 22. 22 II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS d) Principles for Control of Exposure to Substances Hazardous to Health • The measures referred to above include: - safe handling, storage and transport -suitable maintenance procedures -reducing to the minimum number of employees exposed -restricting level and duration of exposure, and quantity of substances -appropriate hygiene measures Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá
  • 23. 23 II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS d) Principles for Control of Exposure to Substances Hazardous to Health • risk must be either eliminated or reduced SFARP • preference should be given to risk reduction by substitution • Otherwise: -use controls including, in order of priority: 1. the reduction of quantities to a minimum 2. avoidance or minimizing of release 3. control of the release at source Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá
  • 24. 24 4. prevention of the formation of an explosive atmosphere, 5. avoidance of (i) ignition sources (ii) adverse conditions 6. segregation of incompatible dangerous substances 7. mitigate effects of fire/explosion or dangerous substances Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . A. Cerdá II MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REGULATIONS d) Principles for Control of Exposure to Substances Hazardous to Health
  • 25. 25 Holistic Public Role on Occupational Safety and Health at Chemical Industry. EU Models. Thank you for your attention Alberto Cerdá Micó Contact: acm.frame@gmail.com www.frameeurope.es China International Symposium on Work Safety and Sustainable Development of Chemical Industry . Shenzhen 2009