■ Familiarisation Teachers are becoming increasingly aware of ICT, and may have attended some training, but often lack confidence and therefore reluctant to use it in their classroom teaching.
■ Utilisation Teachers are increasingly aware of the benefits of technology, and begin to incorporate it into teaching, often replacing former activities with ICT alternatives. This begins to have a beneficial effect on teaching and learning.
■ Integration Teachers are becoming increasingly familiar with appropriate use of ICT, and can integrate it into many aspects of their ongoing teaching. Teaching and learning are becoming significantly enhanced.
■ Reorientation The potential of ICT is now exploited to enable approaches which could not easily be replicated by traditional means. Teaching and learning begin to be significantly transformed.
■ Evolution The creative possibilities of ICT are being fully explored. ICT is developed in response to learners’ needs. Teaching and learning are significantly transformed.