School of Public and International Affairs, Economical Development and Institute f Latin American St di I tit t of L ti A i Studies November 9 of 2010 Diego Andrés Molano Aponte Social Protection in Colombia: Presidential High Counselor gPublic Strategies i DP bli St t i in Development l t Director of ACCIÓN SOCIAL
Contents 1. Poverty and Displacement Situation in Colombia. 2. Evolution of Social Networks. 3. Focus on Support Networks. 4. Social Protection System in Colombia. 5. Accion Social: Promoter of Support Networks. pp6. Progress of Families in Action, ReSA and Forest Ranger Families . 1. JUNTOS Progress and Results. 2. Challenges for JUNTOS. 3. Environmental railing mega project. i l ili j
1.1 Poverty and Displacement Situation in Colombia Colombia.
Poverty Situation in ColombiaMERPD Research: Child Labor Malnutrition Poverty traps. relates poverty and Illness with multidimensional Low social factors Demography Educational Bajo nivel Level educativo Low Vicious cycles that counteract the Working efforts of the poor population population. Capital Inter-generational transmission of poverty.
Poverty and Indigence Figures in Colombia P t d I di Fi i C l bi 53,7% 51,0% 46,0% 51,2% 50,3% 45,5% 17,0% 15,6% 19,7% 16,4% 17,0% 17,8% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2008 2009 Linea de Pobreza Linea de IndigenciaSource: MESEP, Mission for the linkage of Employment, Poverty and Inequality series. , g p y , y q yNote: Does not include the 2006 and 2007 series.
Who are the poor p p in Colombia? p people POVERTY MISSION MERPD - 2006 ECV (Survey of Life Conditions)-2008 •Total Population: 44,048,182 •Total PPE (Population in Extreme Poverty): 16% of the population ≈ 7,033,780 persons •PP (Population in Poverty): 45% pop. ≈ 20,262,164 persons •Total PD (Displaced Population): 2,977,209 persons •Total PPE: 12.7% pop. ≈ 5,594,119 persons •47% of the PD is PPE PP: 20 MM PPE PD persons PPE: PPED 5,634,492 5 634 492 1,577,921 1 577 921 5.5 5 5 MM 1,399,288 persons persons persons persons The MERPD was created with the purpose of measuring and structuring a long te p oposa to reduce po e ty a d inequality in Co o b a o g term proposal educe poverty and equa ty Colombia.SOURCE: Working Document DNP 2009. RUPD Acción Social
Who are the poor people in Colombia? Population in Extreme Poverty- PPE Displaced PopulationQuantity ECV-08: ECV 08 PPE =16% 16% September/10: 3,551,106 S t b /10 3 551 106 persons iin Total pop. ≈ 7,033,780 persons displacement situation. 51.6% men 93% displaced from rural area 48.4% 48 4% women 51% menGender 69.5% households headed by men 49% women 47.1% under legal age 53% households headed by men 67.7% belongs to PET 48% under legal age Child labor: 30.6% children Child labor: 30.6% niñosChildhood School Attendance: 74% School Attendance: 74%Employment Rate of unemployment range from Rate of employment =46.4% 18-26 years=17.5%, (informal jobs)Health Health coverage: 87% g Health coverage: 88%
Progress in Social Networks •Social Investment Funds.•Emergency Employment •Infrastructure in Education•PNR. PNR and H lth d Health. •Social Solidarity Network.1980 1990 Neo-liberal Model“Universalization” Universalization “Compensation” to poor people for externalities ofSubsidies to Supply the economic policiesSalary and work Tax restrictionregulations FocalizationBenefits to sectorsand middle classes Subsidies to Demand Cost recovery Market Mechanisms
Progress in Social Networks •Universalization in education and health.•Displaced Attention System. •JUNTOS (Together): Social JUNTOS•First S i l S Fi Social Support N Network: k Protection Network for Families and Youth in Action Overcoming of Poverty. 2000 - Present Social Protection System based on: Work Conditioned P i i C di i d Provisional T l Transfers f Human resource accumulation and increase in Income
Progress in Social Networks •New institutional agreements •Social Protection and Support Network Systems •Reaching the most vulnerable g •Focus in universalization2010 Future TrendsPolitical, social and economicarticulation.Coordination ithiC di ti within social policies i l li i Conditioned transfers with supply access andCreate abilities qualityUniversal access to basic social Creation of local abilitiesservices. Permanent and shock-responding systemGeneration of quality employmentDifferential focus
Focus on Support Networks Land redistribution, Work policies, agreements and property Poverty contributions system, SOCIAL SUPPORT rights application, social security universal education and reduction d ti services and Social NETWORKS: Social Support Networks. Support Networks. • Reduce inequity and extreme poverty. • Empower households for better investments in the future. • Help households to manage risk Social Social manage- Through the implementation of Equality E lit Support ment of t f different policies, th i diff t li i they impact th t the Networks risk following groups: Promotes inclusive growth and •Chronic Poverty For small producers (for p provides services that facilitate •Temporary Poverty p y y example), example) includes irrigation systems, microfinance, participation of the poor •Vulnerable groups weather insurance, Social population. The Social Support •Disabled persons Networks help in providing •Senior citizens Support Networks. security. •Orphans Social •Refugees / Displaced Protection •Affected by ReformsSOURCE: Gorsh M., del Ninno C., Tesliuc E. and Ouerghi A. 2008. “For Protection & Promotion”.
Pillars of the Development Plan Pill f th D l t Pl “Towards a Community State, Development for All”Security Social Development Investor’s Confidence
Social Protection System in Colombia System of Social y Protection Components Acción Social Rocial Risk Management Inter-reliant risks Health Integral Social Security Industrial Hazards Unemployment Insurance Social Promotion Poverty Juntos Network Education Familias en Acción Consitional CashFormation of Human Capital Nutrition Transfers Training for labor Juntos Network Access to Assets Physical and financial Familias en Acción Saver Women
5. Acción Social: Promoter of Support Networks ó
ACCIÓN SOCIAL: Promoter of Support Networks JUNTOS. Extreme Poverty and Displaced Population Population. Focuses on territories Strategies Center of recovered from the and Integral Action armed conflict.Populations Coordination SNAIPD Displaced Population. Coordination
JUNTOS Network Specific Objectives To promote the families’ abilities General Objective To effectively articulate the different government and involved entities levels.To improve life conditions of the families insituations of extreme poverty and in situations of To guarantee special access and adjustment ofdisplacement, through the strengthening and the supply of social programs and services.construction of abilities to promote their own pdevelopment.. To improve and strengthen the territorial ability, within the social protection framework. Support the National System of Integral Attention to the Displaced Population- SNAIPD in the socio- economic stability of the families in a displacement situation.
Red JUNTOS The JUNTOS strategy includes 9 gy dimensions for overcoming extreme•Family and poverty, gathering 45 BasicCommunity Achievements and 22 Basic Territorialaccompaniment Conditions: 1.5 Mill. Families in extreme poverty/ 7 Mill. Colombians 1. 1 Identification (Families in Action, SISBEN 1 2. Education and Training and displaced families) 3. Health 4. Nutrition 5. Living conditions•Management of •Local 6. Access to banking andSupply and Institutional savingsPreferential Access to Strengthening 7. Family DynamicsGovernment Social 8. Income and WorkPrograms: 14 entitiesP titi 9. 9 Access to Justice Investment to 5 years: 19 billion Colombian pesos
JUNTOS Network– Basic Family Achievements 1. Focus on AchievementsThe group of desirable conditions that a family in an extreme povertysituation must achieve to improve its life conditions.They allow the family to overcome poverty traps in the best possible way and way,they allow the Network to organize the monitoring and supply of family programs.
JUNTOS N Network – B i Family Achievements k Basic F il A hi Dimensions1 IDENTIFICATION 6 LIVING CONDITIONS2 INCOME AND WORK 7 FAMILY DYNAMICS ACCESS TO BANKING3 EDUCATION 8 AND SAVINGS SUPPORT TO4 HEALTH 9 GUARANTEE ACCESS TO JUSTICE5 NUTRITION
JUNTOS Network – Basic Family Achievements Basic Achievements- Example Achievements- 1 IDENTIFICATION 4 HEALTH• Minors between 0 and 7 years • Family members are enrolled in old have a civil record. Children the General System of Social between the ages of 7 and 17 Security in Health- SGSS. have an identity card. Persons over 18 have an ID credential or • The family has access to health provisional credential. promotion interventions to which it is entitled within the SGSS in• Minors between 0 and 7 years Health framework. old h ld have a civil record. Child i il d Children between the ages of 7 and 17 have an identity card. Persons over 18 have an ID credential or provisional credential.
JUNTOS – Basic Family Achievements Basic Achievements- Example Achievements- 3 EDUCATION 6 LIVING CONDITIONS • The household does not have a• Boys and girls under 5 are soil floor. linked to an Integral Attention Program in Care, Nutrition and • The household has a drinking Initial Education. water supply and a draining system.• Adults between the ages of 18 and 65 (including disabled • The household has separated adults) are alphabetized. spaces for bathroom, kitchen, laundry and bedrooms.
JUNTOS – Basic Family Achievements• 1.028 1 028 Municipalities with family support and monitoring.• 8.633 Social workers carrying out family support and monitoring.• More than 1 million and 312 thousand families benefitted from JUNTOS Network.• Implementation of a technological platform for the collection and transmission of family data in real time *Court september 30, 2010
Accomplishment of goals A li h t f l 15% 9% 23% 32% 32% 100% 77% 76% 93% 91,1% 85,4% 76,6% 68,4% 67,9% 22,7% 24,1% 0,2% 6,8% 1. I.D. 5. Ocupation or income 9. Children viculanted to 13. Health insurance 22. Variety and healthiness 32. Adequate construction 35. Attention to victims of 40. Family savings 44. Attention from justice source (older than 15 the education system of food materials for the residence intra familiar and sexual operators years) violence IDENTIFICATION INCOME AND WORK EDUCATION HEALTH NUTRITION LIVING CONDITIONS FAMILY DYNAMICS ACCESS TO BANKING SUPPORT TO AND SAVINGS GUARANTEE TO JUSTICE Reached by families Family goals
JUNTOS N t Network – Ch ll k Challenges• Supply Adjustment S• Reversibility of the Income Generation Achievement in JUNTOS• Income in rural areas• Abilities Vs. Work Insertion (urban) Vs• Family Expectations Vs. Capacity of Response
JUNTOS Network – Challenges and Priorities Other Priorities Main Priorities Other Priorities Displaced Pop.- PD PPED Pop. Extreme Poverty- PPE • Consensus Indicators (basic achievements/ IGED) • Support, monitoring and graduation S t it i d d ti• Prevention • Quality in Education • Guarantee the supply and suitability• Alimentary Security • Training for Work/ Higher • Affirmative Action for Afro population• Differential focus Education • Income Generation• p Reparation – 1 Abili generation, 2 Li ki markets, 3 A 1. Ability i 2. Linking k 3.Access to physical assets, 4. Strengthening Territorial Entities, 5. Institutional Coordination • Housing • Access/ Land Titling/ Legalization Essential Conditions • Inclusive Economic Growth • Permanent measurement and • Ranking and investment levels g assessment. • Use of innovation technology.
9.E i Environmental railing mega project t l ili j t
The project seeks the conformation of a large strap for environmental and traditionalprotection and conservation conservation.Construction of 10 environmental and cultural indigenous towns, $30.900 million.Natural water factory with 79km2 of water with 4 springs, 35 river basins and 650 microbasins with capacity to supply 15 million people
8 indigenous towns with full access to western services Cleaning up and 70% is preserved for ampliation of th native li ti f the ti natural regeneration and reservations by the 30% for self consumption purchase of 6 thousand crops hectaresThe aim for the second phase is to cover 14,000 hectares for the conservation of 4,000hectares of woods, the recuperation of 3,500 hectares of weeds to woods to avoid theexpansion of the current 1,016 hectares for cultivation with an investment of 1.5million USD
THE UNDERSIGNED, LAWYER AND OFFICIAL TRANSLATOR INCOLOMBIA, CERTIFIES THAT THE PRESENT DOCUMENT PREPARED BY ME ON JANUARY 27, 2010, IS A TRUE AND FAITHFULTRANSLATION FROM THE ORIGINAL PRESENTATION WRITTEN IN THE SPANISH LANGUAGE. I CERTIFYMARIA CRISTINA HOLGUINOFFICIAL TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETERPROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATE No. 0274 of 2009