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Eco latrines October 2013

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Eco latrines October 2013

Eco latrines October 2013

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    • 1. ECO LATRINES-Brook of Lake Atitlán, Sololá “Todos por el Lago” & Rotary Club Association October, 2013
    • 2. Main idea Implementation of dry latrines to provide the surrounding communities of lake Atitlán - in the developing process - of decent and efficient services that also contribute to clean the villages and natural wealth. The eco latrine model doesn’t use water and substitutes the cesspool (highly polluted) with containers that decompose the solid excretes making them less contaminant or, in the best of cases, takes advantage and uses them as a fertilizer.
    • 3. Objectives Avoid contamination of the phreatic cloak in lake Atitláns basin. Improve the life conditions of rural inhabitants. Create a volunteer program to install and control the sanitary units.
    • 4. Goal Develop the Project in 3 phases: ◦ Phase 1: installation + training. ◦ Phase 2: change of deposit + use control. ◦ Phase 3: use control + residue stock. Install an average of 100 units’ semi annually. Favor a population of 1200 people annually.
    • 5. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS… Why use an eco latrine? Is it similar to a conventional one? Why isn’t better to install latrines with water?
    • 6. Actual situation of beneficiaries: Water contamination. Consumption of contaminated water. Intestinal illness. What conventional latrine may carry: Underground water contamination. Consumption of contaminated water. Intestinal illness.
    • 7. Hygene conditions at home: Hans contaminated with microbes. Food consumption. Intestinal illness. Hans contaminated with microbes. Food consumption. Intestinal illness.
    • 8. Hygene conditions at home: Insects in waste contaminated with microbes. Animals inside the house near waste. Insects at home, dished, glasses and food. Person or objetc contamination in the house. Intestinal illness. Intestinal illness.
    • 9. PHYSICAL MODEL GENERATION
    • 10. THE PROTOTYPE   Local manufacturer that favors labor and transportations costs. Cost : Q3,200.00 (incluides cabin, toilet, deposit and shipping*)     Set up time: 1.5 horas Hours per unit. Staff: 2 people. (semi-trained) Guarantee: 1 year due to faulty production. Durability: 10 years.
    • 11. THE CABIN •Rectangular •Fiber glass •4 parts + roof •Easy to install next to the house. THE BOWL With similar characteristics as a conventional bowl with an additional compartment that separates liquids from solids. It is integrated to the floor platform. THE DEPOSIT A fiber glass base with capacity of 0.70 m3. Designed to be underground and reinforced to support the cabin.
    • 12. INSTALLATION PROCESS
    • 13. INSTALLATION PROCESS Dig  Dig holes in the floor to locate deposits. Plant  Introduction of deposits in the floor and consolidation in the surroundings. Floor  Setting with the toilet over the depost and anchorage.
    • 14. INSTALLATION PROCESS Walls  Integration of 3 lateral panes using bolts (over the floor.) Door  Door installation (alrealdy with higes and bolt.) Cover  With the walls integrated, the cover is set over the cabin and fastened with bolts.
    • 15. INSTALLATIONS PROCESS Fastening  With the cabin is integrated, it is set over the floor and fastened with bolts to the deposit. Ventilation  The ventilation tube is set followed by the protective cover in the outside Drainage  The flexible tube for urine drainage is set and a small French drainage is practiced in one side of the toilet.
    • 16. RESPONSE San Lucas Tolimán  Nahualá Cantón Racantacaj  Note the integration with the natural and rural environment.  Note the original toilet at the back, next to the Training Center of “Todos por el Lago”
    • 17. INSTALLATION AND USE MANUAL
    • 18. REALITIES OF THE COMMUNITIES Space limitations and lack of resources. Drainage lack.
    • 19. UP TO DATE RESULTS
    • 20. UP TO RESULTS BEFORE AFTER
    • 21. UP TO DATE RESULTS Solid condition after 5 months. Stratification inside the deposit.
    • 22. UP TO DATE RESULTS Hygene conditions of the toilets
    • 23. UP TO DATE RESULTS •Aware users of the compromise over the cleanliness practices. •Dry solids. In this case, sifted dry soil is used as drying material.
    • 24. SIGNS OF APPROPIATION •Clean, with a small rug. •Toilet paper hanger and illumination installed.
    • 25. MONITORING AND ANALYSIS Sample recollection by specialized Techs.
    • 26. Thank you.

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