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Introduction to uk legislation

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Introduction to uk legislation Introduction to uk legislation Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction to UK Legislation Bodleian Law Library Last updated November 2010
  • Session overview
    • Types of Legislation
    • The Legislatative process
    • -Bills
    • -Parliamentary process
    • Sources of Legislation
    • - Unamended and amended
    • - Keeping up to date
  • Types of legislation
    • Primary legislation
      • Bills – Public, Private and Hybrid
      • Acts – Public General, Local and Personal
    • Secondary or delegated legislation
      • Statutory Instruments (S.I.s)
      • Orders, Codes of Practice, etc
    View slide
  • Pre-legislative materials
    • Before a Bill is introduced research may have already been conducted in the form of:
      • Green papers
      • White papers
      • Law Commission reports and working papers
      • Royal Commissions
      • Public Inquiries
    View slide
  • Where to find…
    • information on pre-legislative materials:
      • Lawtel – Bills, Command Papers and News & Press databases
      • Internet – check Government websites and the Parliament website
      • Westlaw
  • Progress of a Bill
    • A bill can start in either the Commons or Lords
    • First Reading : the bill's title is read out in parliament
    • Second Reading : debate on the general principles of the bill
    • Committee Stage : the bill is examined clause by clause and amendments discussed
    • Report Stage : allows for further amendments to be made on the bill
    • Third Reading : a final opportunity to comment on the amended bill
    • Once the bill has completed the same procedure in each House the final text of Bill is agreed
    • Bill receives Royal Assent and becomes an Act of Parliament
  • Where to find Bills
    • information on Bills
      • Parliament website
        • http://www.parliament.uk/bills/bills.cfm
      • Hansard
      • Weekly Information Bulletin
      • Sessional Information Digest
      • LexisNexis Butterworths
      • Lawtel
  • Acts
    • Royal Assent
    • Act comes in force:
        • Straightaway
        • Day to be assigned
        • Commencement orders
  • Citing references to…
    • Acts:
      • Public General Acts are cited using Arabic numerals, e.g.:
        • Companies Act 1985 (c 6)
      • Prior to 1963 Acts cited by regnal year, e.g.:
        • Debtors Act 1869 (32 & 33 Vict cap 62)
      • The C or Cap is chapter and is the number given to an act within a given year
  • Citing references to…
    • Acts (continued):
      • Local Acts are cited using Roman numerals, e.g.:
        • British Railways (Liverpool Street Station) Act 1983 (cap. iv )
      • Personal & Private Acts are cited using Arabic numerals given in italics, e.g.:
        • Hugh Small and Norma Small (Marriage Enabling) Act 1982 (cap. 2 )
  • Where to find legislation
    • Original texts
      • Queen’s Printer’s copy (hard copy)
      • Current Law Statutes Annotated (hard copy)
      • Justis (electronic)
      • Law Reports Statutes (hard copy)
      • Lawtel (electronic)
    • Amended texts
      • Halsbury’s Statutes (hard copy)
      • LexisNexis Butterworths (electronic)
      • Westlaw (electronic)
      • Legislation.gov (free electronic resource)
  • Secondary legislation
    • Majority of secondary legislation is in the form of S.I.s
    • Over 3,500 S.I.s are made each year
    • S.I.s are used to add detail to an Act
    • Also used to bring Acts into force (commencement orders)
  • Citing references to…
    • S.I.s
      • Draft S.I.s are not numbered
      • Once an SI is approved it receives the next sequential number within the year, e.g.:
        • The Licensing Act 2003 (Personal licences) Regulations 2005 S.I. 2005 No.41
  • Where to find Statutory Instruments
    • information on S.I.s:
      • OPSI website (unamended)
        • http://www.opsi.gov.uk/
      • Halsbury’s Statutory Instruments (amended)
      • Lexis Library (amended)
      • Justis (unamended)
      • Westlaw (amended)
  • Updating legislation
    • Important to always check the status of a piece of legislation:
      • To avoid using out-of-date information
      • Ensure accuracy
  • Where to find…
    • the status of a piece of legislation
      • Is It In Force?
      • Lexis Library (Status Snapshot)
      • Justis
      • Lawtel
      • Westlaw Current Law Legislation Citators
      • Halsbury’s Statutes
      • Halsbury’s Statutory Instruments
  • Devolution
      • Wales
        • The Government of Wales Act 1998
        • National Assembly of Wales
          • http:// www.wales.gov.uk
      • Scotland
        • The Scotland Act 1998
        • Scottish Parliament
          • http:// www.scottish.parliament.uk
      • The Northern Ireland Act 1998
        • Northern Ireland Assembly
          • http:// www.niassembly.gov.uk
  • Further help?
    • Contact [email_address] to arrange 1 to 1 training