IHR: using treaties 2010


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  • Treaties come under a variety of names :Vienna Convention on the Law Of Treaties 1969 art 2(1)(a) Defines a treaty as “ an international agreement … in written form … whatever its particular designation.”
  • Anyone writing work for the Law Faculty of Oxford University is required to follow the guidance of OSCOLA. This can be consulted online at http://www.law.ox.ac.uk/publications/oscola.php
  • For any treaty dating from the inter World War period/lifetime of the League of Nations, OSCOLA requires a citation to the LNTS whenever such is available
  • OU Students: If you are outside the Oxford University network, remember to sign into OxLIP+ using your Oxford Single Sign On to get access to HeinOnline.
  • Explore the options via the drop down menus
  • Once again, you have choice of searching by UNTS citation or wider search – but this time remember only to have UNTS checked OU Students: If you are outside the Oxford University network, remember to sign into OxLIP+ using your Oxford Single Sign On to get access to HeinOnline.
  • Finding ILM on LexisLibrary
  • Duty of transparency to its citizens or because appointed as an Official Depository
  • Legal Instruments library has useful collection of texts of various treaties
  • Drill down one page to limit searches to International HR
  • You can now use the find box (top left corner) and its drop down options for a narrower search
  • Available from are links through to reliable sources of texts. Entry in Force dates too.
  • You may need to check the relationship between a state and a treaty – or when a treaty entered into force.
  • Treaty Event at the UN. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Antigua and Barbuda signs the Convention on Cluster Munitions Dublin, 30 May 2008 on behalf of his country. Signature – though it sounds final – may only be part of the ratification process!
  • Through OxLIP+ you have access to the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law which will help you with any queries you might have about treaty terms
  • Free but can be temperamental!
  • Eg to find the Agreement establishing the Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean.   Madrid, 24 July 1992 No.14 quickly Control + f and start Caribbean in the search box
  • IHR: using treaties 2010

    1. 1. Treaties & IHR studies Elizabeth Wells Bodleian Law Library July 2010
    2. 2. <ul><li> Pact Charter </li></ul><ul><li> Final Act Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution(of IO) Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Protocol Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Accord Exchange of Notes </li></ul><ul><li> Treaty </li></ul>
    3. 3. This session: Mainly Texts <ul><li>Are some better than others? </li></ul><ul><li>How to do you find the “best”? </li></ul><ul><li>Library Holdings </li></ul><ul><li>Major online sources </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable alternatives </li></ul>
    4. 4. Treaty Texts <ul><li>Sources of the first rank (OSCOLA) </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations Treaty Series (LNTS) </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Treaty Series (UNTS) </li></ul><ul><li>Official treaty series of a State party eg UKTS </li></ul><ul><li>For post-1960 treaties not yet in one of above </li></ul><ul><li>International legal materials (ILM) </li></ul>
    5. 5. LNTS <ul><li>League of Nations Treaty Series </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral & Multilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage 1920-1946 </li></ul><ul><li>In Gallery at Internat 10 LN </li></ul>
    6. 6. French & English (also in Index Volumes)
    7. 7. LNTS online <ul><li>HeinOnline – UN Law Collection (if you are off campus sign into OXLIP+ with your OSS first) </li></ul><ul><li>Free via UN website but the site is “quirky” & cannot be recommended for finding text August 2010 </li></ul>
    8. 8. HeinOnline Ignore Treaties and Agreements Library (USA) For LNTS (& UNTS) click United Nations Law Collection
    9. 9. HeinOnline’s UN Law Collection Click on any of these and search box opens
    10. 10. Most academic footnotes will have LNTS citation A click on this link produces very intuitive boxes to fill in
    11. 11. No citation? Searching for inter world war treaty remember to uncheck the UNTS box
    12. 12. Click Print/Download To see text Other results – details of Ratifications, Accessions of States Scholar Check to journal articles on the topic
    13. 13. UNTS <ul><li>United Nations Treaty Series </li></ul><ul><li>Art 102 UN Charter “Every treaty & international agreement entered into by any Member … shall a.s.a.p be registered with the Secretariat & published by it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Shelved at Internat 10 UN </li></ul>
    14. 14. UNTS > 2,000 vv & growing
    15. 15. Hein post 1945 Treaty search Remember to have only UNTS checked
    16. 16. Very recent? Try ILM <ul><li>International Legal Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Internat 300 I240 in print & </li></ul><ul><li>Online via </li></ul><ul><li>Lexis (via Sources) </li></ul><ul><li>Westlaw Int – selected 1980 v.19 on </li></ul><ul><li>HeinOnline in Law JJ Library & Treaties & Agreements Library but only 1962-2008 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Lexis Library via Source Tab – either Find a Source – or Filter by International & Pick I
    18. 18. Westlaw – Click Services – drop down Westlaw International
    19. 19. Reliable Free Sources of Texts <ul><li>Use databases maintained by </li></ul><ul><li>Governments </li></ul><ul><li>International Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>As own library &/or as </li></ul><ul><li>Official Depository </li></ul>
    20. 20. Eg African Commission on H&PR
    21. 22. To find reliable free e-sources <ul><li>Please do not use google/bing et al </li></ul><ul><li>Use www.eisil.org </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated Gateway (ASIL) </li></ul><ul><li>fewer hits </li></ul><ul><li>always links to authoritative full text </li></ul><ul><li>specialised search facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Added content - status, citations to printed sources </li></ul>
    22. 23. http://www.eisil.org
    23. 24. Eisil’s great for more than treaties! Free online guide to researching IHR!
    24. 25. Search Results for African HR
    25. 26. More Information link UNTS/ ILM citation Great for your dissertation!
    26. 27. Some Key Concepts <ul><li>Using a Treaty may not only be a matter of finding an authoritative text </li></ul><ul><li>Status / In force </li></ul><ul><li>Signatories </li></ul><ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Ratification </li></ul><ul><li>Reservations </li></ul>
    27. 29. Online intro to Treaty Law
    28. 30. http://treaties.un.org Status of Treaties database Quirks Use IE Always hit Search [not return] Use Clear
    29. 31. To avoid quirks drill down!
    30. 32. Control+f to search
    31. 33. Click on a treaty name & get … Click on name of state to see more detail about its participation
    32. 34. Details of reservations etc
    33. 35. Manipulating result Citation for your dissertation!
    34. 36. Icons left to right <ul><li>Print </li></ul><ul><li>Email – example of what you next follows </li></ul><ul><li>Full text details – will often provide link to full text of the Treaty from UNTS series </li></ul><ul><li>Certified True Copy </li></ul><ul><li>HTML </li></ul><ul><li>Add link to Favourites </li></ul>
    35. 37. Envelope / email option
    36. 38. Full Text window We have come full circle with a free source of UNTS text via these links!
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