Public Domain Works in the public domain are no longer under copyright protection or failed to meet requirements to be protected by copyright laws. These works can be used, shared and printed without the permission of the originator.
Orphan Works Are not copyrighted but are protected by the Copyright Act because The owner can not be identified The owner can not be located The date in which it would be placed in public domain can not be determined Libraries are beginning to display orphan works with special notice to the public that it can not be used for any purpose.
World Wide Web Copyright law governs the use of materials you find on the Internet, just as it governs the use of books, video or music People assume anything on the web is in public domain because the law would protect works only if they displayed proper copyright notice upon publication The law has change stating neither publication nor a notice of any kind is required to protect works today
Implied and Express Licenses Implied licenses Vital to the operation of the Internet Boundaries are vague Express licenses Spell out in detail what rights the author of a work wants readers, viewers or listeners to have Creative Commons license is an example of an express license
Fair Use Although fair use does not break copyrights laws, fair use is very vague when it comes to explaining how much of the work can be used without asking permission. Just because you acknowledge the source does not mean you have their permission to use it.
Fair Use Factors The following guidelines can be found in Section 107 of the copyright laws in more detail What is the character of the use? What is the nature of the work to be used? How much of the work will you use? What effect would this use have on the market for the original or for permissions if the use were widespread?
Teach Act Teach Act became law in late 2002 Allows educators to perform any work related to the curriculum regardless of the medium face-to-face in the classroom. There is no limits and no permission required Distance education does not have all the freedom as a face-to-face class would Coverage of the law applies only to Accredited nonprofit educational institutions Covers works an instructor would show or play during class but not what students use on their own time outside class
Getting Permission It can be hard but depending on the type of work there is steps that you can take. Contact the author or publisher directly. If unknown then some research will be needed to find copyright owners. It it possible for copyright owners to change. Get written permissions that clearly describes what you are permitted to do to the work.