It is likely that everyone taking part in this lesson is descended from immigrants - it is just a question of how far back you go.
25AD 455 480AD 990 1066 1320 1570 1880 1948 1960 21 st Century
Travelling bands of Celts were the first to invade Britain. They brought with them new methods of forging metal, making things from iron ploughs and horse shoes to delicate jewellery.
From 43 AD until the end of the 4 th Century the Romans settled and integrated with local tribes.
They brought with them their engineering and road construction skills, and built bridges, baths and heating systems.
The Germanic tribes of the Angles, Saxons, Frisians and Jutes colonised Southern England, establishing new settlements and cultivating the land.
The Vikings were superb boat builders. They introduced their heroic tales to Northern England and East Anglia, and possibly brought the game of chess.
The Normans conquered Britain in 1066, and imposed a legal and administrative system much of which still exists today.
M edieval Britain benefited from the immigration of Jewish businessmen, scholars and doctors.
In the 16 th century the Huguenots, fleeing from religious persecution in France, settled in London, Norwich and Canterbury. They brought their skills of silk weaving and silver-smithing.
In Victorian times the need to transport goods to and from the mills led to a rapid expansion of the transport system - work that was undertaken by labourers from Ireland.
Thousands of citizens from across the British Empire fought for Britain during the two world wars. At the end of the WW11 there was a shortage of workers, and many who had fought for Britain came to live here.
Doctors, nurses, teachers, bus drivers, factory workers etc. came from countries across the empire to help re-build Britain.
Nowadays where there is a shortage of dentists, doctors, builders, hotel workers or cleaners, it is often people from Eastern Europe who come to fill the gap.
Throughout the ages people have come to Britain, fleeing from poverty or war.
In many cases they have been desperate, and prepared to take enormous risks.
So what is so great about Britain, that people want to live here?
Good for Work
low unemployment rate (under 5%)
a typical work week of 35 hours
generous leave, maternity
and paternity benefits
12 public holidays
Social and Cultural
it is a multi-cultural society
most people are tolerant
the crime rate is low
lively theatre, music, art
it has beautiful scenery
fascinating historical sites & buildings.
Britain is a world leader in education
world famous universities
education is free
Health and Welfare
free healthcare available to every one.
a welfare system which supports people through hard times.
So what would it be like to arrive in Great Britain as a newcomer?
So we turn full circle. Perhaps Britain is a Great country to live in because of the influence of all the many different individuals, groups, races and cultures that have come here.
They have established our systems of government, contributed to our pursuit of knowledge, added to our wealth, commerce and industry, and shaped our music, art, sport and diet.
immigrant - someone who has come from another country to live in Britain.
descended - related by ancestry
integrate - mix, come together
colonise - settle, make your home somewhere
persecute - bully, single out
Useful Web Links
http://www.movinghere.org.uk/galleries/histories/default.htm - a detailed resource on the migration histories of ,amongst others, Carribbean, Irish, Jewish, South Asian peoples to the U.K
http://www.movinghere.org.uk – an invaluable resource tracking 200 years of migration to the U.K including current debates, teaching resources, information, links and profiles
http://www.100greatblackbritons.com/links.html - 100 great Black Britons and a list of invaluable educational resources and links
http://www.black-history-month.co.uk – Black History Month
http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/ - free online teaching resources and educational games for key stages 2-5 on amongst others, the end of the British Empire
Useful Web Links
Migration, Refugees, Asylum
http://www.refugee-action.org.uk/information/Links.aspx - Refugee Action a national charity, an invaluable resource for links, learning and the voices of refugees to the U.K
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/citizenx/being/rights/animation.shtml - a young asylum seeker starts at a secondary school in Britain, a short animation with lesson pointers about the life, questions and issues of asylum seekers in the U.K
http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/club/your_reports/newsid_3075000/3075789.stm - Lots of children have to claim asylum in the U.K, a selection of case studies, read about their new lives in the U.K
http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_1600000/newsid_1607000/1607077.stm - a comprehensive guide to asylum for children