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Openness and change
 

Openness and change

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A mash-up of two presentations from my JISC days, for a session with Warwick's Computer Sciences educational technology research group. I focused on concepts of openness and some reflections on change ...

A mash-up of two presentations from my JISC days, for a session with Warwick's Computer Sciences educational technology research group. I focused on concepts of openness and some reflections on change in the context of academic technology.

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  • The first thing to say is that we are all different in our encounters with new approaches Whether they are new technologies like badges or new delivery models like MOOCs. We are each on our own learning curves and changed curves, and we meet new ideas and solutions at different points in the hype cycle. That is a lot of variation. So when we meet new ideas, we can respond very differently. My first message is that every response is a real response because responses are individual and they are about perceptions.
  • It’s to easy to characterise people as pro- or anti- something It’s too easy to present things as a debate for or against But polarisation often masks the real questions, because we don’t hear them properly http://www.bloomsburyacademic.com/view/DigitalScholar_9781849666275/chapter-ba-9781849666275-chapter-013.xml
  • There is usually a dialectic around open and free free as in freedom, free as in beer http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.09/posts.html?pg=6 Open as in door or open as in heart Some courses are open as in door. You can walk in, you can listen for free. Others are open as in heart. You become part of a community, you are accepted and nurtured. http://followersoftheapocalyp.se/open-as-in-door-or-open-as-in-heart-mooc/ I always add: open as in markets? Some would characterise the Finch Report on open access as being pulled towards the more conservative forces Conservative forces aren’t necessarily “right wing” – they might be to protect the NHS rather than marketise the health system. Closer to home they might be to protect the public education system against competitive private provision How do you feel about Pearson entering the HE market? How do you feel about Free Schools?
  • To follow on from free as in beer ... A great example of branching is the trajectory of the open source movement Big debates over gratis vs libre Introduction of the Free AND Libre Open Source Software term – FLOSS By enabling the practices of open source to branch off, to allow the community to branch off Towards profit-making business models in some areas, free culture models in others. This is sometimes called a diffusion of innovation Interesting how github supports the whole spectrum This has also been the approach of the UK OER Programme. We have been quite pluralistic about OER, to let people find their own ways. We have certainly had tensions between the marketing/recruitment aspect and the open practice perspective. What’s important to note is that often it’s not just one model that comes to dominate.
  • We don’t always understand what brings about mainstreaming. We very rarely control it. Consider a story from open standards: the rise and fall of RSS aggregation. Is it netvibes or pageflakes that made the difference? Or google-reader? At what point did twitter and facebook start to dominate the aggregation game and overtake RSS? OER programme gave freedom for each project to choose their platform. They didn’t chose a standard they chose a platform. It’s often when open standards are baked in to platforms that we see take-up without conscious decision making. I’m not sure we always notice: sometimes when mainstreaming happens we don’t recognise it When did e-learning become part of the fabric of education?
  • Finally, change can take a lot longer than we hope The 10 years since the Berlin Declaration on Open Access can feel like geological time. Perhaps we need some time-lapse photography approach to recognising the impact of changes we started back then. So many more people understand OA now. So many more people care. Wikipedia started in 2001. Is that fast or slow? Were there points when they thought about giving up? change takes longer than you think

Openness and change Openness and change Presentation Transcript

  • openness and change in learning technologies Amber Thomas, Academic Technology Team A mash-up For Warwick’s Computer Sciences Educational Technology Group
  • my background JISC Information Strategies National Grid for Learning Ferl (Information and Learning Technologies for FE) West Midlands Share project at University of Worcester JISC: Open Access Repositories, Rapid Innovation, Jorum, Open Educational Resources Now heading up Academic Technology Team: eLearning support, moodle, digital humanities, Russ!
  • openness in universities (Eduwiki Conference 5th Sep 2012) Amber Thomas CC BY
  • openness: the sunlight effect “Freedom of information legislation comprises laws that guarantee access to data held by the state” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunshine_laws opening up access to information, data and processes floods sunlight into areas that were previously hidden from public view, and in doing so it also nurtures growth
  • dimensions of openness Tim Berners Lee et al http://5stardata.info/ 1 star: make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license 2 stars: make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table) 3 stars: use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel) 4 stars: use URIs to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff 5 stars: link your data to other data to provide context
  • dimensions of openness Peter Reed MMU now liverpool http://scieng- elearning.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/v isualising-openness.html
  • dimensions of openness Amber Thomas, JISC £ Free at the point of use Unauthenticated: password free Legal: licensed for reuse Technical: formatted for reuse £ Legal Tech
  • forms of openness in universities open ... data standards source innovation scholarship access content education ... in universities
  • Open Data Making data available for public access and reuse in universities: open administrative data open research data open bibliographic data open cultural data £ L T “clim ate gate” key information setsnational libraries world bank #ukdiscovery jisc obmd data journalism linked data CERN
  • Open Standards Open =“non-proprietary” in universities: Content Metadata Course Data Systems £ L T IMS standards Dublin Core XCRI-CAP CERIF Library standards SWORD
  • Open Source Open can mean process and/or product in universities: Learning management systems Content management systems Enterprise systems even Library Management Systems £ L T sakaii mahara wordpress moodle
  • Open Innovation usually more about the process than the product OR the product is free it’s about being tactically liberal with IP in universities: crowdsourcing public engagement partnerships with businesses £ L T jisc elevator OU i-spot old weather JISC BCE transcribing bentham
  • Open Scholarship It’s about collaborative processes and sometimes reusable outputs. Sometimes important to be public, sometimes not. in universities: collaboration peer review data sharing £ L T peer evaluation .org alt metrics blogging tweeting e-science digital humanities
  • Open Access Opening up research papers to be free to researchers and to the public in universities: author contracts new forms of open publication repositories of research outputs £ L T JISC CORE wikipedia Finch Report digital citation Harvard Statement
  • Open Content in education context, often called open educational resources in universities: using web resources licensed for reuse teachers sharing their resources course materials £ L T wikipedia itunesU MIT OCW Jorum OpenLearn Khan academy #ukoer
  • Open Education public access to content and learning opportunities in universities: free online learning peer learning new models of accreditation £ L T phonar MITx EdX MOOCs open badges Stanford AI OERu
  • summary: openness in universities openness in universities comes in many flavours data standards source innovation scholarship access content education £ L T Universities are changing Opening up access to information, data and processes floods sunlight into areas that were previously hidden from public view, and in doing so it also nurtures growth. characteristics of openness vary
  • Amber Thomas, JISC. (ALT-C September 2012) When ideals meet reality: lessons from open source, open standards and open access
  • curves and cycles: hype, change, learn cynical jaded purist evangelistic curious pragmatic
  • types of change splash, ripple or dissolve?
  • polar- -isation VLEs are dead MOOCs take Over The End of the university I hate badges “The use of technology seems to divide people into strong pro- and anti-camps or perhaps utopian and dystopian perspectives” Martin Weller, The Digital Scholar
  • dialectics of open and free
  • branching
  • tipping points into the mainstream
  • pace
  • key messages • We are all unique in our encounters with new things. • Polarisation often masks the real questions. • There is often a dialectic around open and free. • Often it’s not just one model that comes to dominate. Sometimes when mainstreaming happens we don’t recognise it. • Change can take a lot longer than we hope. But then sometimes it hits us fast!
  • Picture Credits 58 7 642 3 1 1 http://www.flickr.com/photos/28481088@N00/176177164/ (c) tanahaku CC BY 2 http://www.flickr.com/photos/petereed/2667835909/ (c) Peter Reed CC BY NC 3 http://www.flickr.com/photos/travel_aficionado/2396819536/ (c) Travel Afficionado CC BY NC 4 http://www.flickr.com/photos/carbonnyc/991004550/ (c) Carbon NCY CC BY 5 http://www.flickr.com/photos/tinou/341591917/ (c) Tinu Bao CC BY 6 http://www.flickr.com/photos/eliaslar/4557937822/ (c) Elias Lar CC BY NC ND 7 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jgarber/822382161/ (c) Jgarber BY NC SA 8 http://www.flickr.com/photos/redteam/2491179043/ (c) Redteam CC BY NC ND
  • openness and change in learning technologies Amber Thomas, Academic Technology Team A mash-up For Warwick’s Computer Sciences Educational Technology Group