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Cell Project for a biology class

Cell Project for a biology class

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  • 1. ORGANALLES OF PLANT & ANIMAL CELLS By: Allie Carlson, Olivia Reed, Joey Rousseau, Allyn Johnson & Natalia Lievana
  • 2. The Nucleus Nucleus-spherical mass of protoplasm encased in a double membrane, and found in most living eukaryotic cells, directing their growth, metabolism, and reproduction, and functioning in the transmission of genic characters
  • 3. The Cilia Cilia-short numerous hair like projections composed of pairs of microtubules; frequently aid in locomotion
  • 4. The Cytoskeleton Cytoskeleton-cellular framework found within the cytoplasm composed of microtubules and microfilaments
  • 5. The Centriole Centriole-in all cells, pair of small cylindrical structures composed of microtubules that double during interphrase and move to the opposite ends of the cell It is located near the nucleus in animal cells. 
  • 6. The Flagella Flagella-long projections composed of microtubules; found only on some cell surfaces; they help propel cells and organisms by a whip like motion
  • 7. The Cytoplasm Cytoplasm-for ribosomes and RNA to pass into it. Found all around the plant cells and animal cells 
  • 8. The Golgi Apparatus Golgi Apparatus-A network of stacked membranous vesicles present in most living cells that functions in the formation of secretions within the cell
  • 9. The Lysosomes Lysosomes-organelles that contain digestive enzymes; dig excess or worn out organelles, food particles and engulfed viruses or bacteria
  • 10. The Microfilaments Microfilaments-thin, solid protein fibers that provide structural support for eukaryotic cells
  • 11. The Cell Wall Cell Wall-fairly rigid structure located outside the plasma membrane of plants, fungi, bacteria and some protists; it provides support and protection. It is located around the cell  **THE CELL WALL
  • 12. The Microtubules Microtubules-thin, hollow cylinders made of protein that provide structural support for eukaryotic cells
  • 13. The Mitochondria Mitochondria-organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing genetic material and many enzymes important for cell metabolism, including those responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy
  • 14. The Nucleolus Nucleolus-body composed of protein and RNA in the nucleus of a cell. It is usually associated with a specific chromosomal site and involved in ribosomal RNA synthesis and the formation of ribosomes
  • 15. The Plastids Plastids-An organelle found in the cells of plants, green algae, red algae, and certain other protists. Plastids have an inner and outer membrane, and contain their own DNA and ribosomes. Some plastids, such as the chloroplasts in plant leaves, contain pigments
  • 16. The Vacuole Vacuole-A small cavity in the cytoplasm of a cell, bound by a single membrane and containing water, food, or metabolic waste
  • 17. The Smooth ER (endoplasmic reticulum) Smooth ER-network of tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell, occurring without ribosomes; not involved in protein synthesis; site of synthesis lipids and phospholipids
  • 18. The Rough ER (endoplasmic reticulum) Rough ER-network of tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell, occurring studded with ribosomes; it synthesizes and exports proteins and glycoproteins; it is coated with ribosomes
  • 19. The Ribosomes Ribosomes- Small cellular components composed of specialized ribosomal RNA and ribonucleic acid Can be found on the rough endoplasmic reticulum 
  • 20. The Chloroplast Chloroplast-chlorophyll-containing organelles found inc ells of green plants and some protists; capture light energy and converted it to chemical energy It is located near the cell wall and it is only found in plant cells. 
  • 21. The Plasma Membrane Plasma Membrane-a thin membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions, like sodium or potassium or calcium, in and out of the cell; Usually referred to as a cell membrane. 
  • 22. Plant Cell Animal Cell