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Cells

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Cell Project for a biology class

Cell Project for a biology class

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  • 1. ORGANALLES OF PLANT & ANIMAL CELLS By: Allie Carlson, Olivia Reed, Joey Rousseau, Allyn Johnson & Natalia Lievana
  • 2. The Nucleus NUCIEUS-spherical mass of protoplasm encased in a double membrane, and found in most living eukaryotic cells, directing their growth, metabolism, and reproduction, and functioning in the transmission of genic characters Nudmcr , _ El'lVilOD°‘ “ « '« Amtom "' M We Y crromat n ‘ _ ~ NUCl¢UB NI. -‘Jrolu- l . ‘l . l ' i-N , . Fmlnrlaumlc Ruliwium Figure 1 ‘ | ‘ ‘ ‘ P01 Rlhoacmws
  • 3. The Cilia Cilia-short numerous hair like projections composed of pairs of microtubules; frequently aid in locomotion ui{. c‘oV= 'W5‘ M : eaoo"'4 iv _. ‘ a . : ' oralwcow If - 4 ‘ A 4. ‘l“J; ‘Y ’, -‘x. Iooa-mack. 1- .4"? bf‘ Wu‘. _ V 3 L ; '_L_: . ‘ _ , _ W . . bod. c.cn * ‘ -An: :m 4“ V, _. .’. r—*" gguiracuic I ‘ 15$‘-DD‘ ‘
  • 4. The Cytoskelcton Cytoskeleton-ceiiuiar framework found within the cytoplasm composed of microtubules and microfilaments Cytnskeletnn . Cy1oso| 'Qncplasm
  • 5. The Ccntiii()lc Ce| 'ltl'lOl€'in all cells, pair of small cylindrical structures composed of microtubules that double during interphrase and move to the opposite ends of the cell 0 It is located near the nucleus in animal cells. I X‘ i‘ _ , Oontrlolo Structuro Q‘ xi ‘ ‘ cenulole Pair 5 r _ ‘ . .‘ . “, - / .‘‘ '_»’_- / I I’ . .' / / , . . ‘, / (// / / . 7 ’/ '. : . /If , //‘i ‘T - ‘I I‘ I"/ o , ," 1’ »’ MICFCIIDDLIO ’~~ — ,1’ '/ ' / ’,. ’- Triplet T; )‘/ Figun. -1
  • 6. The Flagella Flag€lla'long projections composed of microtubules; found only on some cell surfaces; they help propel cells and organisms by a whip like motion t ui? jdiE'iZ_ . _. 9- n 417‘ . __ _ ' —_- ‘ V, «s l J oignmc '3 i . ‘V’ ‘ . ’ .3: , »I < l K A kncuwtt ' _; , ‘gr. -. 5 ‘ ‘r v at ‘ . ‘. . ’ K " Ld .3 ' ‘ ~. -ml M . - —rv>1'I l- . n:i.0lr
  • 7. The Cytoplasm Cytoplasm-for ribosomes and RNA to pass into it. CI Found all around the plant cells and animal cells
  • 8. /’N The . ,()lgi zPp€li‘2li‘LlS Golgi Apparatus-A network of stacked membranous vesicles present in most living cells that functions in the formation of secretions within the cell The Golgi Apparatus ¥. ¢o. .- 3.. I umnn Cl: fur mcomlna 95'-‘«£"3—. . l )9‘ 'T'i7.. ";l. '?. ‘:”‘ l x 7 VCIMHTIIC 4 ‘H ‘ l T- ‘ H " I "/ ‘ 1.1.4.". -.' . '.u: .l -4.’ / JLWS i l 1 ~ . 1 iv‘; l 4/ ! _N, ,., ,w C 4 x _ .4 F . »’ ' l ‘) fnnne ~~ (*"“ ~_ 5 ‘ ‘ -‘ ‘ ' Vesicles C) ', (_l ' ; _J (: _I u (“. In . «n: :ma— r --- Flourcl ram rt Vitlc €56
  • 9. The Lfs<)s(>ines LySOSOl'Tl€S'organe| les that contain digestive enzymes; dig excess or worn out organelles, food particles and engulfed viruses or bacteria lysosome Structure £'. £nolI-. l'nl| uamcnno
  • 10. The ila; ijiCii‘()iil21‘l1lCil[S lVllCl’OfllE'l| 'T'l€l"ltS"thin, solid protein fibers that provide structural support for eukaryotic cells Microfilaments ; . . _ _ , “f l_l_ . ~. ‘‘‘ * 1 l l l"%C_‘(’tk: t'_)(__J‘“t, "‘"! _‘(: ‘C‘ T’ F'A°“" G-Actln lP°'Y"‘°'l (Monomer) Figure 1
  • 11. The Cell 5«al. l Cell Wall-fairly rigid structure located outside the plasma membrane of plants, fungi, bacteria and some protists; it provides support and protection. ltiell lllall D It is located around the cell , " : .,. »«-/ ". ‘°"‘*" ct-ii T _ If r ‘ lilulllnlgllan-"I .9-u " ' I -jlnwl I i. , _ l. Cr/ ;?"—}" F **-l-HE CELL ii. iéhn}iun‘a 5,7‘ =11?» --. _ 3 7 ‘ i «:1 ‘>‘«’‘‘. 'H i WALL W” '5-—. _ . .", /{.5 , oPj, 4: l‘_‘ (a. T -, y i, , NIl(‘I(‘us . “', ‘vsoIqi nogrs : . "-_: < »»- " -r-*' -T. .*. ..-. ' . . 1 : - ' '-T" . * L‘ 7 - , “I a , llllluS1lll‘lC‘b l. ‘S " ‘c . 5‘
  • 12. The Microtubules MlCl'OlCUbUleS'thin, hollow cylinders made of protein that provide structural support for eukaryotic cells uonnl tn fillau ta flioqihoryhtlon PIE tampon rum-uihula In dopoiynorhatlon unruly
  • 13. The l»li’t<)cl1<>ncltia lVlltOCl'lOflCll"la‘organe| le in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing genetic material and many enzymes important for cell metabolism, including those responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy , ,,, .,c¢, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,, / ‘X AYF : 4 " " . *:, ~u'f1." " '; ‘*" "r ‘I ll-mi-: I<. ":0 f“. _i g_t_ , ._, 5 L : :3 Mule. i. l. ‘ _ en <1 1 1 ¢ lu~3' Q ‘VT. . l _ £ -’*-“ ll ’l hunt in bram. 6. VI". , (.5. A V ' N I m ‘min IHIH: ' kt f§, __. " Ian" ’ 3;-vi»: ‘ 1 . . 3.
  • 14. The Nucleolus NUCle0lUS-body composed of protein and RNA in the nucleus of a cell. It is usually associated with a specific chromosomal site and involved in ribosomal RNA synthesis and the formation of ribosomes
  • 15. The l.3lasticls PlaStlClS'An organelle found in the cells of plants, green algae, red algae, and certain other protists. Plastids have an inner and outer membrane, and contain their own DNA and ribosomes. Some plastids, such as the chloroplasts in plant leaves, contain pigments Plant cell chloroplast Structure Outer lrnrnlaranc —- “emu: -I W crane — 3 Floun: 1 0 . ml (Strut o "ylakolnsl
  • 16. The Vacuole Vacuole-A small cavity in the cytoplasm of a cell, bound by a single membrane and containing water, food, or metabolic waste ‘Ill: mvlpna all dun an-clue ll tallcd 0: pa tun. Mluoroclei ilnram in arms: mxrlllmn iv
  • 17. V The Smooth lLR (enclopelasmic reticulum) Sl’T'lOOtl"l ER'network of tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell, occurring without ribosomes; not involved in protein synthesis; site of synthesis lipids and phospholipids "rl'lTuJu4_y flunk» ‘ml 099')
  • 18. The Rough ER (endoplasmic reticulum) ROUQh ER‘ network of tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell, occurring studded with ribosomes; it synthesizes and exports proteins and glycoproteins; it is coated with ribosomes J J J V) J J J J 4) J J JJJ JJ J _, J J ‘J l JJJJ
  • 19. The Ribosomes RlbOSOl’Tl€S' Small cellular components composed of specialized ribosomal RNA and ribonucleic acid El Can be found on the rough endoplasmic reticulum - / "5-. » nlm: was c-w-no . ——‘ ‘ -1. not LCM: _llt»oxma , _ r-M
  • 20. The Clil()r()plast ChlOl'O| Ql8SlZ'chlorophyll-containing organelles found inc ells of green plants and some protists; capture light energy and converted it to chemical energy E! It is located near the cell wall and it is only found in plant cells. Three-dimcnslonalwlilbdel oi‘ chloroplast Membranes Ina. .. . ._~a. ... . . if __ lnrcu-urllluu ‘ . -. T "_ / l y ‘ 7 l l_ ‘ ‘ lbl l — I: nr| .-r ‘rrpulraia 9-was Milt : ' ln. '.uuA Ipldm in-, lu-o An)
  • 21. The Plasma L. l’lembrane Plasma lVl€lTlbl'al’l€'a thin membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions, like sodium or potassium or calcium, in and out of the Cell; C! Usually referred to as a cell membrane. Pusan Ilnnhuno snnullnl can pmum cl” final-, n:np~1l8n I », _u. i. . Wk wify? Ilqurw 1 r = ", . , , J _r. t2:i . .. . V r . _ , i ' ' , ' _‘ . _ - l; .r 3". ,~ ‘Tl ". r'""£'~'-7'“) , 1 A ‘ , _ . ---‘ A 51- ’, . , V - vvllffi I-I1 < v. ‘ -I“ l ' . ' ’. ' ' . _ ' ‘ 1' l J _ ‘LI. ‘ if ', ,r“_‘. ,,', ,,, ,‘. , . ,M. , ’ ‘ 2 - -‘I « i. fleolon n'~. i '1. , rr ‘. ‘r w, ‘ -: r ' I i i 3/ V ' 4 ' 'i pug . . . , _, lJ-"v~, ,'. . i: , . . ~ . ht Mvcigavc . (V “ " Pt'nTari ‘ < ‘x ’ . I " / J ‘u um: -war. '’p / Fnkh
  • 22. M lad. .. . .u Mann smut: Hutu ' Kiflllllliadllf ‘Alum-V L'l>: uulo 5nnnn——-—«-—- Endcy-last-lit IQDI-DWI ; ;oa; i :1-on-llu upra- Ra. -nl , -, , o 640). 44. VI( . . . lulu. .. aw Swnalll “‘ Ero. -. ~14. n : :‘‘''m“ In. aa- Animal Cell “T. '. run . (1 l~. . . ~. '1 enueupr -v. i'<. ii. ., ‘ , . N. I. ‘V ,4 . ‘-u<l. .-'. : 11- l nun‘ 7 '7 III‘! llrIl "-r. l.. ..l-. ..i-i. . ‘ VI lit ru. it. .. rrxllun

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