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  • CASE STUDY
    AND
    LITERATURE STUDY
    REPORT
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • Kalakshetraaims at:
    • Training students in the fields of music and various fine arts.
    • Permeating general education with influence of art and culture.
    • Education of public through concerns, public lectures, exhibitions and publications.
    Made of the words kala + ksetra, it literally means ‘a devotional centre for the arts’. Situated in Tiruvanmiyur, Chennai, Kalakshetra Foundation was established in 1936 under the leadership of Smt. Rukmini Devi Arundale (a pioneer in the field of Bhratanatyam in Pandanallur style) and is internationally well known for its education. The academy was also symbolic of the struggle for India's independence; it was to culturally revive a country that was losing its identity under British rule. It was shifted from Besant Nagar during the 1960s, to the present location.
    KalakshetraFoundation comprises of Kalakshetra, The Besant Theosophical High School, The Besant Arundale Senior Secondary School, A Craft Education and Research Centre including the Weaving Department, the Kalamkari Natural-Dye Printing & Painting unit, the Visual Arts Center and The BharataKalakshetra.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • COURSES/ ADMISSIONS
    Kalakshetraoffers the following courses:
    • Diploma courses in dance (Bharatanatyam), music (Veena, Violin, Flute, Mridangam) and fine arts (Painintg, Visual Arts, Traditional Crafts, Textile Design, Textual heritage, Aesthetics, History).
    • Post Diploma study in music and dance.
    • A variety of part-time courses are also offered.
    • Admission requirements for the Diploma and Post Diploma:
    • Applicants should be between ages 15 & 25 and should have completed 10th grade.
    • All prospective students are selected based on an interview.
    • Merit based scholarships are available to students with demonstrated financial need.
    LOCATION
    • Kalakshetrais located in the age-old pilgrim centre of Tiruvanmiyur (old Tiruvalmilikiyur), in southern Chennai.
    • It is located away from the main road and major traffic areas.
    • It is spread over a 100 acres (including the 3 schools)
    • Approach – a direct road of around 800m from the bus stand leads to the Kalakshetra campus
    • Sound buffer – the campus is lined by huge neem trees, which adds to the already moderately quiet environment.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • LAYOUT AND PLAN
    • A free flowing informal pattern that has organically grown with the needs of the institution.
    • There are hardly any big buildings around – most are kept to the single ground floor.
    • The classrooms, the auditorium and the prayer hall are spread in the central part of the campus, while the administrative parts, hostels, staff quarters, dining hall and schools
    cover the outer region.
    • The classrooms are all single-roomed individual cottage-like structures with separate plinths and sloping roofs.
    • Sound buffer – the campus is lined by huge neem trees, which adds to the already moderately quiet environment.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • THE EXPERIENCE
    • As one enters the site through the humble entrance, peace and calm settles over the ears and mind because of the beautiful settings and a serene natural ambience.
    • Vehicles seem out of place in the campus.
    • All roads are shaded well with trees on both sides.
    • As one reaches past the office/ administrative region to the classroom area, the sound of different kinds of music is a very pleasant invitation to the ears.
    • The classroom areas with mud grounds and the different kinds of trees make one feel closer to the nature.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
    • The small sculptures and landscaped areas strewn throughout give the natural scene a personalized feeling of art, which can have multiple uses such as spill-outs and informal practice spaces.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
    • The small man-made pond among the classroom, with stone mandapas make the ambience very surreal.
    • All in all, a gurukul-like atmosphere prevails, which creates a perfect state of mind for music learning.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • THE CLASSROOMS
    • All classrooms in the campus are single-roomed open cottages with individual plinths, sloping roofs and a small veranda-like space for footwear.
    • They are sprawled in a random fashion, one after the other, to create an organic atmosphere.
    • They are all roughly of two sizes (8m x 4.5m and 10m x 7.5m) and each classroom is used for any kind of teaching – vocal, instrumental or dance (the bigger ones are usually for dance).
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
    • The question of accoustical privacy does not come in here because the huts are placed at a good distance from each other, so they do not carry the sounds to the next classroom.
    • Even the little sound that might travel are taken care of by the trees around.
    • All classrooms have full length bamboo jaali work (no windows), which provide sufficient lighting and cross ventilation.
    • All the huts have red-oxide flooring.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • THE PRAYER HALL
    • It is situated separately, further beyond the classrooms in complete quiet.
    • It accommodates 180 people.
    • It is also used as an open class for the crafts.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • THE AUDITORIA
    • RukminiArangam:
    • Originally built as an open-air theatre designed by architect Kiffin Peterson, it served as an assembly hall and performance stage for many years until it was destroyed during a cyclone.
    • Architect Lurie Baker was one of the first to be invited to evolve a proper theatre design after the cyclone. Over the years, a new, more permanent structure with modern equipment was built on the model of a traditional Indian theatre.
    • Measuring 70'x80', the open-air space can accommodate 300-350 audience.
    • Dressing rooms are available, on either side of the stage, each measuring 10'x12'.
    • The stage is made of black oxide which is suitable for effective lighting.
    • The theatre is equipped with lighting and sound systems.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
    • BharataKalakshetra Auditorium
    • Smt. Rukmini Devi wanted to build a new theatre of more solid construction, after the cyclone had damaged the open-air theatre. During one of her tours to Kerala, she had visited the Koothambalam in Kalamandalam, which appealed to her very much.
    • Er. Appukkuttan Nair helped her design a theatre with the concept of Natyashala, as a universe with the basic concepts of Koothambalam also incorporated in it.
    • Situated centrally in the plot, it is also in direct access from an external road on the north.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
    • Measuring 40'x40', the auditorium can seat 750-800. There are 428 chairs in the octagonal well of the theatre, 168 chairs on the peripheral veranda, and 104 in galleries in the balcony.
    • Dressing rooms are available for artists, on the ground floor.
    • BharataKalakshetra Auditorium is equipped with state-of-the-art lighting and sound systems.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • SANGEET BHAVAN
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • HISTORY – ESTABLISHING SHANTINIKETAN
    In 1901 Rabindranath Tagore moved from Seliadah to Santiniketan where, with his father’s consent, he started a boarding school. The Brahamacharyashram (or Ashram) School was inaugurated on 22 December 1901 with only a few pupils, his son being one of them, and with an equal number of teachers. It was to be run on the pattern of teachers and pupils living together amidst natural surroundings and willingly accepting an austere standard of living, often working with their own hands. Of the five teachers, three were Christians – two of whom were Catholics and the third was his son’s English teacher from Seliadah. The orthodox Hindus were offended by this situation and he did not get any assistance from them. No fees were accepted from students, all expenses being borne by Tagore himself. In the course of time, this Ashram School expanded as the poet’s reputation grew.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • In 1912 Tagore left for the United Kingdom once again. Some of his poems and writings had made such an impression on the British writers and intellectuals that he was at once accepted as a great poet and intellectual. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in November 1913 and came back to India after visiting the United States of America.
    This international experience gave him a new idea, that he must bring his country into contact with the world at large. He felt that overemphasis on narrow nationalism led men and countries into paths of conflict. There should be an institution that emphasized the unity of the world’s cultures and streams of knowledge. He considered Santiniketan to be that institution. He was thus already contemplating the foundation of VisvaBharati, an international centre of culture and humanistic studies.
    The foundation stone of VisvaBharati was laid on 24 December 1918. A separate institution called Sri Niketan was established in 1921.
    Science and its applications in the form of technology have led to the power and prosperity of Western countries. Unless India acquired knowledge of science and technology through its universities and schools, poverty and powerlessness would continue. To transform life and make it richer, healthier and more educated, it was imperative to resort to technology and science. But Tagore wanted science to be taught along with India’s own philosophical and spiritual knowledge at Indian universities.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • COURSES
    The courses offered at SangitBhavan are:
    • Two year M.Mus. Courses in RabindraSangit; Hindustani Classical Music Vocal and Instrumental (Sitar/ Esraj /Tabla / Pakhawaj); Kathakali and Manipuri Dance.
    • Three year B.Mus. (Hons.) Courses in RabindraSangit; Hindusthani Classical Music Vocal and Instrumental (Sitar/Esraj/Tabla/Pakhawaj); Kathakali Dance, Manipuri Dance; Drama and Theatre Arts.
    In each course, admission of Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Other Backward Classes (OBC) and Physically Handicapped (PH) candidates are governed as per rules of the Government of India.
    LOCATION
    • The distance of Shantiniketan University from Kolkata is 213 kms.
    • The SangeetBhavan is placed along the road, after the Kala Bhavan, and covers about 5 acres.
    • Since it is far off from the main areas of public interest, there is no vehicular traffic around and the place is quiet and suitable for teaching music.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • LAYOUT AND PLAN
    • The classrooms were set around a central courtyard, one side of which was the open air theatre.
    • Height of the building os G+1.
    • The building was later extended to the back from one side, creating another adjascent courtyard-like area.
    • Behind this is situated the library area.
    THE CLASSROOMS AND THE EXPERIENCE
    • The entrance to the college is not very prominent, but once you enter it, the courtyard creates an immediate impression. You can feel it as the central converging space, which attracts people.
    • On the right hand side is the open-air stage, while the classrooms to the left side.
    • There are 2 floors in this area and the inner extension is only on the ground floor.
    • These classrooms are mostly used for instrumental lessons, while the inner classrooms are used for vocal practices.
    • Dances are mostly taught on the stage itself, or in one of the inner classrooms.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • THE OPEN AIR THEATRE
    • Situated right at the entrance of the college, it attracts all the attention of the people entering.
    • It measures 52’x36’ and can accommodate around 350 people.
    • All the rehearsals, performances and even dance teaching takes place here.
    • The dressing rooms around the stage have flexible functions – during a performance, it facilitates back-stage activities, and during other times it is used as classrooms or instruments’ storage.
    SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL
  • SCHOOL OF INDIAN MUSIC: REVIEW-1 AARTI SIVAKUMAR 060901005 X SEM B.ARCH M.S.A.P MANIPAL