Claude Monet (1840 1926)

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Claude Monet (1840 1926)

  1. 1. 1886 Self-PortraitCLAUDE MONET(1840-1926)Impressionist Painter 19 th CenturyApril BundridgeWelcome to Claude Monet’shttp://giverny.org/monet/welcome.htmSite Editor: Ariane Cauderlier
  2. 2. • Des Moines Art Center http://www.desmoinesartcenter.org/• Japanese Woodblock Print Ukiyo-e Style http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ukiy/hd_ukiy.htm• Renaissance Architecture in Italy http://www.italian-architecture.info/HIST.htmWelcome to Claude Monet’s caught my attention because of its unique format. The home page includeslinks to other pages of information with a summary and picture of what the link leads to. The font is easyto read and the plain white background prevents the viewer from being overwhelmed and allows anexceptional view of the art. The images are high quality, and all the information is easily accessed throughthe available links.Before the project, I didn’t know a lot about Monet except that he was an impressionist artist and I loved afew of his pieces that I had seen. Learning about what impressionism really is was interesting, in that Inever noticed the pieces didn’t have defining lines. I have a print of Nympheas and saw Water Lilies at theNelson-Atkins Art Gallery in Kansas City, MO. Nympheas (1916-1919) Water Lilies (1915-1926)
  3. 3.  1840 - Birth of Claude Oscar Monet on November 14th in Paris. 1859 - Monet comes to Paris and enters the Swiss Academy. 1863 - Monet discovers Manets painting and paints "en plein air" in the Fontainebleau forest. 1865 - Monets paintings are submitted for the first time to the official Salon. Camille Doncieux his lady friend and Bazille pose for Le Dejeuner sur lherbe (the Picnic). 1874 - Monet exhibits "Impression : sunrise" at the first Impressionist exhibition in the studio of Nadar. 1892 - Monet paints the Rouen Cathedrals series. 1900 - Monet paints several views of the Japanese bridge. He takes several trips to London and paints views of the Thames. 1916-1926 - Claude Monet works on twelve large canvas, The Water Lilies. Following the signing of the Armistice, Monet offers to donate them to France. Theses paintings will be installed in an architectural space designed specifically for them at the museum of the Orangerie in Paris. 1923 - Monet is nearly blind. He has an operation for the cataract in one eye. His sight improved. 1926 - In February Monet is still painting. But he suffers from lung cancer. He dies on December 5th. He is buried in a simple ceremony at Giverny. His friend Georges Clémenceau attends the ceremony. http://www.intermonet.com/biograph/autobigb.htm - This link includes an interesting autobiography from Monet to a journalist in 1900.
  4. 4. In 1905, answering a question about his colors, he wrote :"As for the colors I use, whats so interesting about that ? I dontthink one could paint better or more brightly with another palette.The most important thing is to know how to use the colors. Theirchoice is a matter of habit. In short, I use white lead, cadmiumyellow, vermilion, madder, cobalt blue, chrome green. Thats all."Impressionist art is based on the use of color, which has to "draw"the motive without resorting to line. Pure black is rarely used by theimpressionist painters. Monet obtained an appearance of black bycombining several colors : blues, greens and reds. It was soimportant that Monet eliminate black that it was not even included inhis funeral.
  5. 5. Claude Monet, Studio Corner (1861) Claude Monet, Red Boats in Argenteuil (1875) From 1860, Monet used only a palette of pure light colors.Monet used dark colors until 1860.
  6. 6. In 1908, aged 68, Monet was affected bycataract in both eyes, and he began to loosesight. The first signs of this cataract can befound in the paintings he made in Venice in1908.Cataract is a progressive opacity of the Canale Grande and Santa Maria della Salute (1908)crystalline lens that filters the colors. Ascataract develops, whites become yellow, greens become yellow-green andreds, oranges. Blues and purples are replaced by reds and yellows.Gradually his paintings became invaded by reds and yellows. Bluesvanished, and details faded.
  7. 7. The effects of the cataract on Monet can be observed from some paintings depicting the same motif, for instance The Japanese Bridge made in 1923 and The Waterlily Pond made in 1897.The Waterlily Pond (1897) The Japanese Bridge (1923) Claude Monet, The House seen from the Roses Garden (1922-1924)
  8. 8. Hiroshige Ando, Sudden Shower over O-Hashi This print from Monets collection was interpreted by Van Gogh who made a copy in his own way. Monet at Giverny in His Dining Room Monet collected over 231 Japanese prints The structure and the colors during his life and displayed them in his of this print home. Like many other artists, Monet inspired Monetconsidered Japanese culture as very artistic, for a canvas of the Grainstackshaped by the refined aesthetic tastes of its series.people. The entire collection was donated tothe Institut des Beaux-Arts by his son Michel Monet. Hokusai Katsushika, Mount Fuji
  9. 9. House of the Cider-Press Clos Normand Garden Water Garden in Autumn The Japanese Bridge Water Lilies in the Pond Japanese Inspired Water Gardenhttp://giverny.org/gardens/fcm/fotoaero.htm - This link shows an aerial view of Monet’s gardens. Pictures Provided By: Ariane Cauderlier
  10. 10. • Claude Monet lived in his home at Giverny for forty-three years, from 1883 to 1926. During this very long time, he laid out the house to his own tastes, adapting it to the needs of his family and professional life. The house is was enlarged to 40 meters long per 5 meters deep only. Monet chose all the colors for everything inside and outside the house.• At the other end of the house, Monet designed a large kitchen, suitable to prepare the meals of a ten people family that entertained a lot. Over the kitchen, Monets four step-daughters had their bedrooms, while his two sons and his two step-sons slept in the attic.• The vibrant color of the dining room enhances the blues of the dishes on display in the buffets.• The walls of the kitchen are covered with tiles of Rouen. The coolness of the blue contrasts with the warm glow of the extended collection of coppers.• Claude and his wife Alice didnt share the same bedroom, as was usual in the middle upper class, but there was a connection through the bathrooms. It is one of the few rooms that have a window on the street side, that is to say to the north. One can see how narrow the house is. From her bedroom, Alice could keep an eye on the children on the other side of the landing.
  11. 11. Monet’s Home Yellow Dining Room Blue Kitchen Monet’s First Studio Monet’s Bedroom Alice’s Bedroom*Pictures Provided By: Ariane Cauderlier * Alice was Monet’s second wife.
  12. 12. • Monet’s paintings are located in Museums in Europe, America, Asia and Oceania.• There are continually exhibits of Monet’s work, the last of which ran from September 2010- January 2011 in Paris.• Admirers of Monet can visit his Giverny home in France.• Books have been published about Monet’s Garden, Life and Work, along with children’s books about Monet.
  13. 13. 1886 Self-PortraitCLAUDE MONET(1840-1926)Impressionist Painter 19 th CenturyApril BundridgeWelcome to Claude Monet’shttp://giverny.org/monet/welcome.htmSite Editor: Ariane Cauderlier
  14. 14. Instructor Comments:Honestly, one of the best papers/presentations I’ve ever had, April. I loved it! Can Ipost it in Doc Sharing as a GREAT example in my other classes/sections?I loved that you showed his home. I want to travel to see that someday. It’s on mybucket list. EXCELLENT!! If I could give you more than 25 points, I would!Grade: 25/25

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