Hardware and softwareHardware and software
In addition to traditional materials, such as books,In addition to traditional materials, such as books,
handouts, tape-recorders, etc., a networkedhandouts, tape-recorders, etc., a networked
multimedia system, its accessories, andmultimedia system, its accessories, and
programs are required for integrating informationprograms are required for integrating information
technology into e-TESOL.technology into e-TESOL.
Some basic appliances or programs / applications areSome basic appliances or programs / applications are
definitely needed.definitely needed.
The basic hardware requirements for effective e-TESOL are multimediaThe basic hardware requirements for effective e-TESOL are multimedia
PC’s or notebooks with access to networks.PC’s or notebooks with access to networks.
Using personal computers to present text, graphics, sound, video, andUsing personal computers to present text, graphics, sound, video, and
animation in an integrated way.animation in an integrated way.
A note book is an extremely lightweight personal computer. InA note book is an extremely lightweight personal computer. In
terms of computing power, modern laptop notebookterms of computing power, modern laptop notebook
computers are almost comparable to desktop personalcomputers are almost comparable to desktop personal
Their components and functions are almost the same. The majorTheir components and functions are almost the same. The major
differences are appearances, sizes, weights, and, of course,differences are appearances, sizes, weights, and, of course,
A few additionalA few additional
peripherals, such asperipherals, such as
speakers ↓speakers ↓
All speakers can be utilizedAll speakers can be utilized
to increase sound,to increase sound,
including music, voice,including music, voice,
and various “sound effect”.and various “sound effect”.
They are a must forThey are a must for
ESL/EFL learners whoESL/EFL learners who
want to use a computer towant to use a computer to
practice listening activitiespractice listening activities
at home or in a privateat home or in a private
An earphone / headphoneAn earphone / headphone
In a computer or language lab, a headphone orIn a computer or language lab, a headphone or
earphone can be used to replace a set ofearphone can be used to replace a set of
Microphone is a necessaryMicrophone is a necessary
input accessory for ainput accessory for a
multimedia system. Withmultimedia system. With
appropriate software, aappropriate software, a
microphone can be utilized.microphone can be utilized.
In a language lab settingIn a language lab setting
where learners are practicingwhere learners are practicing
interactive oralinteractive oral
communication activities orcommunication activities or
taking speaking test, it is ataking speaking test, it is a
A headset consists of aA headset consists of a
microphone and anmicrophone and an
earphoneearphone （（ with one or twowith one or two
speakers for one or both ears).speakers for one or both ears).
In functions as a combinationIn functions as a combination
of one or two speakers andof one or two speakers and
microphone for a multimediamicrophone for a multimedia
It is a more convenient andIt is a more convenient and
efficient tool for two-wayefficient tool for two-way
communication andcommunication and
appropriate for use in aappropriate for use in a
multimedia language lab.multimedia language lab.
Webcams can be used toWebcams can be used to
create videos, to snap stillcreate videos, to snap still
pictures/photos, and topictures/photos, and to
record video clips withrecord video clips with
Integration of a multimediaIntegration of a multimedia
PC, a headset, andPC, a headset, and
webcam creates awebcam creates a
powerful communicationpowerful communication
tool for language learning.tool for language learning.
This use of webcams willThis use of webcams will
make oral communicationmake oral communication
instruction more favorableinstruction more favorable
for ESL/EFL learners.for ESL/EFL learners.
Software requirementsSoftware requirements
11.. Operating systemsOperating systems (( 操作系統）操作系統）
22. Web browsers. Web browsers （網路瀏覽器）（網路瀏覽器）
HTTP-Hypertext Transfer ProtocolHTTP-Hypertext Transfer Protocol
A web browser, often referred to simply as a browser, is aA web browser, often referred to simply as a browser, is a
software application that maintains a path to search, locate,software application that maintains a path to search, locate,
display, or interact with all the information on Web pages.display, or interact with all the information on Web pages.
The three most popular browsers areThe three most popular browsers are
(1)(1) MozillaMozilla FirefoxFirefox ((http://www.mozilla.com/firefox/http://www.mozilla.com/firefox/））
(2)(2) Microsoft’s Internet ExplorerMicrosoft’s Internet Explorer
（（ IE,IE, http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/））
(3)(3) NetscapeNetscape（（ http://moztw.org/netscape/http://moztw.org/netscape/ ））
3.3. Search EnginesSearch Engines
Search engines are often used to specificallySearch engines are often used to specifically
indicate systems likeindicate systems like
(1)(1) GoogleGoogle （（ http://www.google.com/)http://www.google.com/)
(2)(2) YahooYahoo （（ http://www.yahoo.com/)http://www.yahoo.com/)
4.4. Email programsEmail programs （（ ex: windows liveex: windows live
A popular protocol for sending email is SimpleA popular protocol for sending email is Simple
Mail Transfer ProtocolMail Transfer Protocol （（ STMPSTMP ）） and aand a
popular protocol for receiving it ispopular protocol for receiving it is
POP3POP3 （（ Post Office Protocol 3Post Office Protocol 3 ））
5. E-Book viewers / Readers5. E-Book viewers / Readers
An e-Book reader can be a software application forAn e-Book reader can be a software application for
use on a personal computer, such as Microsoftuse on a personal computer, such as Microsoft
Reader and Adobe Reader.Reader and Adobe Reader. （（ .pdf files..pdf files. ））
6. Instant Messaging Systems6. Instant Messaging Systems
Most message exchanges are text-only. However,Most message exchanges are text-only. However,
some services, such as Yahoo! messenger, MSNsome services, such as Yahoo! messenger, MSN
messenger, AIMmessenger, AIM （（ American OnlineAmerican Online 【【 AOLAOL 】】 InstantInstant
Messenger), Google talk, and ICQMessenger), Google talk, and ICQ （（ I SeekI Seek
YouYou ）） ,allow voice messaging, video transmitting, file,allow voice messaging, video transmitting, file
sharing, and video-game playing.sharing, and video-game playing.
7.7. AVAV （（ Traditional audiovisualTraditional audiovisual ）） PlayersPlayers
The term “AV players” refers to computer programsThe term “AV players” refers to computer programs
that decode digitalized audio or video data from savedthat decode digitalized audio or video data from saved
files, such as Real Player, RealOne Player, Mediafiles, such as Real Player, RealOne Player, Media
Player, WinDVD, Power DVD, Winamp, etc,. ThesePlayer, WinDVD, Power DVD, Winamp, etc,. These
players are powerful and convenient tools with whichplayers are powerful and convenient tools with which
ESL/EFL learners can play back instructionalESL/EFL learners can play back instructional
materials offline or online.materials offline or online.
8. Picture / Photo Players8. Picture / Photo Players
Many picture players, such as ACD See, UniDreamMany picture players, such as ACD See, UniDream
PowerSeePowerSee （（ http://www.unidreamtech.com/), offerhttp://www.unidreamtech.com/), offer
highly efficient tools with which users can browse theirhighly efficient tools with which users can browse their
digital photos and windows media files on theirdigital photos and windows media files on their
personal computers. ESL/EFL teachers can make usepersonal computers. ESL/EFL teachers can make use
of this tool as an alternative for their picture orof this tool as an alternative for their picture or
storybook presentations.storybook presentations.
9. AV Recorders9. AV Recorders
A sound recording program (SoundA sound recording program (Sound
Recorder) can be found in the most popularRecorder) can be found in the most popular
operating system-Microsoft Windows. Usersoperating system-Microsoft Windows. Users
can use this software to create *.can use this software to create *.wavwav voicevoice
GoldWave↓GoldWave↓ （（ http://www.goldwave.com/releashttp://www.goldwave.com/releas
ExtraPlayer→ExtraPlayer→ （（ http://www.atlas-zone.com/http://www.atlas-zone.com/ ））
MP3 soundMP3 sound
recorder↓recorder↓ （（ http://www.cooolsoft.com/mp3rec.http://www.cooolsoft.com/mp3rec.
htmhtm ）） can also be downloaded and installedcan also be downloaded and installed
for recording *.mp3 voice files.for recording *.mp3 voice files.
10. Website Creators and Managers10. Website Creators and Managers
（（ Windows live spaceWindows live space ，無名，，無名， yahoo blog…)yahoo blog…)
Since websites are fundamental to the Web, creating aSince websites are fundamental to the Web, creating a
website is the first step for participating in Internet-website is the first step for participating in Internet-
based activities.based activities.
For e-TESOL , a website can serve as a stage forFor e-TESOL , a website can serve as a stage for
communication, interaction, discussion, andcommunication, interaction, discussion, and
information exchange.information exchange.
The creation and maintenance of a website is alwaysThe creation and maintenance of a website is always
necessary when using the Internet for TESOL.necessary when using the Internet for TESOL.
11. FTP Programs11. FTP Programs
FTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is an applicationFTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is an application
program for exchanging files over the Internet. FTP isprogram for exchanging files over the Internet. FTP is
most commonly used to download or upload a filemost commonly used to download or upload a file
from or to a server using the Internet.from or to a server using the Internet.
Most free versions of the FTP programs on the marketMost free versions of the FTP programs on the market
are good enough for ESL/EFL teachers and studentsare good enough for ESL/EFL teachers and students
who want to manage files and websites.who want to manage files and websites.
此資源在你的此資源在你的 blogblog 。。
12. Word Processors12. Word Processors （（ WordPadWordPad ））
The most popular word processor is MS Word.The most popular word processor is MS Word.
A word processor is one of the fundamentalA word processor is one of the fundamental
tools for e-TESOL. Teachers and students cantools for e-TESOL. Teachers and students can
use a word processing program to createuse a word processing program to create
documents for e-TESOL.documents for e-TESOL.
13. Presentation Software13. Presentation Software
（（ power pointpower point ））
Presentation software is a category ofPresentation software is a category of
application program used to create sequencesapplication program used to create sequences
of words and graphics that tell a story or helpof words and graphics that tell a story or help
support a speech or some other publicsupport a speech or some other public
presentation of information.presentation of information.
14. Database Management Applications14. Database Management Applications
（（ Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Access ））
a student grade book is analogous to a file. Ita student grade book is analogous to a file. It
contains a list of records, each of whichcontains a list of records, each of which
consists of several fields: name, student IDconsists of several fields: name, student ID
number, address, telephone number, etc.number, address, telephone number, etc.
A database management system (DBMS),A database management system (DBMS),
sometimes just called a database manager, is asometimes just called a database manager, is a
computer program that allows one or morecomputer program that allows one or more
computer users create and access data in acomputer users create and access data in a
15. Spreadsheet Applications15. Spreadsheet Applications
（（ EXCELEXCEL ））
Spreadsheets, such as bank balanceSpreadsheets, such as bank balance
statements or phone bills, have been used bystatements or phone bills, have been used by
accountants for hundreds of years.accountants for hundreds of years.
A simple example of a useful spreadsheetA simple example of a useful spreadsheet
application for TESOL is one that calculatesapplication for TESOL is one that calculates
students’ grades. An ESL/EFL teacher mightstudents’ grades. An ESL/EFL teacher might
define five labels- Weekly performances, Mid-define five labels- Weekly performances, Mid-
Term One, Mid-Term Two, Final Exam, FinalTerm One, Mid-Term Two, Final Exam, Final
Grade- for each student.Grade- for each student.
1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have
been listed and introduced. Work with your partnerbeen listed and introduced. Work with your partner
and think of one or more additional items of hardwareand think of one or more additional items of hardware
which might be necessary.which might be necessary.
2. Fifteen software items for e-TESOL have been2. Fifteen software items for e-TESOL have been
listed and introduced. Work with your partner and thinklisted and introduced. Work with your partner and think
of one or more additional items of software whichof one or more additional items of software which
might be helpful.might be helpful.
3. It is reasonable that you as an ESL/EFL teacher3. It is reasonable that you as an ESL/EFL teacher
might not be totally familiar with all of the hardwaremight not be totally familiar with all of the hardware
and software discussed in power point. What do youand software discussed in power point. What do you
think you can do, when you confront difficulties inthink you can do, when you confront difficulties in
handling hardware or software?handling hardware or software?
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.