Czar Nicholas II Last Czar of Russia Exhausted nation’s economy by involving Russia in WWI This left the Russian people poor and starving, but the Czar and his family lived comfortably. The people were angry with this, so they decided to REVOLT!
Karl Marx(1818 – 1883)
He died long before Revolution began, but his political ideas of communism lived on.
Considered father of communism
People of Russia who revolted adopted his ideas
Form of government that has a classless society
Everyone is equal; no rich and no poor
The Bolsheviks, or revolutionaries, adopted this idea.
The Bolsheviks - an organization formed by the revolting people, or revolutionaries, of Russia.
Bolsheviks were led by Vladimir Lenin.
A revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks (working class) to freedom.
They eventually were able to overthrow the Czar.
Czar is Overthrown…
With the rise of the Bolsheviks, the Czar was forced to give up thrown
In 1918, the Czar and his entire family, wife and 5 children, were assassinated by an execution squad set up by the revolutionaries
The entire family was killed because they feared one of them could rise to power again.
Lenin died in 1924, leaving the Bolsheviks leaderless.
This caused a power struggle between two other revolutionaries, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin.
A revolutionary who was popular with the people
Wanted to make life better for all by industrializing Russia
Lied to people to gain support
People believed his lies and promises, so he beat Trotsky in the power struggle
Stalin had Trotsky exiled from Russia. He feared Trotsky would try to regain power, so he eventually had him killed.
Stalin grew more and more powerful over the years.
He began eliminating anyone who opposed him.
He set up a secret police to carry out his deadly orders.
Stalin’s secret police
Killed, tortured, starved, intimidated anyone Stalin ordered
Completely loyal to Stalin
Stalin became so greedy, he lost the original vision of the revolutionaries
Millions of innocent people were killed under his rule
Ironically, he made Russia worse off than it had been before the Czar
Stalin became known as one of the most ruthless dictators in history, comparable to Hitler