Word war i
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Word war i

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A brief view about causes and consequences of Word War 1. I hope you like it !

A brief view about causes and consequences of Word War 1. I hope you like it !

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Word war i Word war i Presentation Transcript

  • WORLD WAR I (1914-1918)
  • Beginning of World War I NATIONALISM was still strong in Europe Many European countries wanted more power and more lands Europeans leaders built strong armies to use force to get what they wanted and gain more power through MILITARISM To protect their nations against strong enemies, Europeans leaders formed ALLIANCES
  • European alliances by 1907
    • Germany Empire Austria-Hungary Empire Italy
    • England France Russia
  • Allied Powers Central Powers Neutral countries Europe at the beginning of World War I
  • What was happening in Balkan Peninsula? 1878 : Serbia become an independent country Serbian nationalist wanted control of Bosnia and Herzogovina. What was the problem? Bosnia and Herzogovina belonged to Austro-Hungary Empire. Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne
  • June 28, 1914:
    • A Serbian nationalist of the “Black Hand” organization shot and assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo
    Drawing of the assassination published in French newspapers Policemen of Sarajevo arresting the killer of Archduke Francis Ferdinand
  • What were the consequences of this assassination? Austria-Hungary Empire Declared WAR on Serbia So, what happened with the alliances ?
  • If a country is attacked, its allies help it fight Russia and his allies supported Serbia England France Germany and his allies supported Austria-Hungary Italy Austria-Hungary Empire Serbia SO... ?
  • WORLD WAR I STARTED !
  • The conflict quickly spread… Germany Declared WAR on Russia and France England Declared WAR on Japan Declared WAR on 1 2 3
  • A new kind of war Germany introduced Submarines called U-Boats = underwater boats. They sank ships by surprise. Poison gas : caused burnings in the skin, damages in lungs and blindness
  • Other weapons and strategies Zeppelin Aerostatic Balloons Zeppelins and aerostatic balloons were useful for observation of enemies movements and positions
  • Pilot Eddie Rickenbacker (USA) At first airplanes were used to observe enemy troops. Later, machines guns were placed on airplanes England introduced the tank : with machine guns mounted on them, they could kill large number of soldiers
  • Trenches in different weathers. Often trenches were full of rats and louses Trench Warfare
  • Why the USA joined the war? Germany tried to persuade Mexico to join the Central Powers with the promise to help Mexico help retake Arizona, New Mexico and Texas from USA after war U.S.A. got upset because Germans attacked American ships carrying supplies to the allies Also they considered the Central Powers had not toward democracy U.S.A. declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917
  • The war ends March 1917 : In Russia the czar was overthrown. Vladimir Lenin and his followers the soviets, set up a new government with a new political an economic system known as communism. Lenin’s government signed a peace treaty with the Central Powers, and Russia withdrew from the war. Czar Nicholas II and his family
  • The German army advanced to Paris, but they were pushed back to its own border. Germany’s allies began to surrender Germany surrendered = An armistice was signed The fight stopped on November 11, 1918 January 1919: The Paris Peace Conference. Leaders of Allied nations had a meeting near Paris The agreement of the Allied nations is known as the Treaty of Versailles
  • World War I changed the map of Europe Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Black Sea Mediterranean Sea 1. Great Britain 23. Tunisia 2. Norway 24. Libya 3. Sweden 25. Egypt 4. The Nederland's 26. Ottoman Empire 5. Belgium 6. Portugal 7. Spain 8. France 9. Germany 10. Switzerland 11. Italy 12. Austria-Hungary 13. Russia 14. Montenegro 15. Albania 16. Serbia 17. Romania 18. Bulgaria 19. Greece 20. Spanish Morocco 21. French Morocco 22. Algeria Before World War I
  • Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Black Sea Mediterranean Sea 1. Great Britain 22. Albania 2. Norway 23. Greece 3. Sweden 24. Bulgaria 4. Finland 25. Romania 5. Estonia 26. URSS 6. Latonia 27. Turkey 7. Lithuania 28. Syria 8. Eastern Prussia 29. Iraq 9. Poland 30. Tran Jordan 10. Germany 31. Arabia 11. The Netherlands 32. Palestine 12. Belgium 33. Egypt 13. France 34. Libya 14. Portugal 35. Tunisia 15. Spain 36. Algeria 16. Switzerland 37. Spanish Morocco 17. Italy 38. French Morocco 18. Austria 19. Czechoslovakia 20. Hungary 21. Yugoslavia After World War I