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The Family Life Cycle
 

The Family Life Cycle

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    The Family Life Cycle The Family Life Cycle Presentation Transcript

    • THE FAMILY LIFE CYCLE
      Aileen B. Pascual, MD, DPAFP
      July 17, 2010
    • The Family Life Cycle
      Conceptual tool for understanding family development
      Transitions from one stage to another are rarely clear cut
      Stages tend to merge
      Several different models
      3 general phases: coupling, expansion, contraction
      6 stages
    • The Family Life Cycle
      The Family System undergoes important psychosocial changes
      Changes are predictable and observable
    • First Order Changes
      • Highlights the view that the central underlying process to be negotiated is the expansion, contraction and re-alignment of the relationship system to support the entry, exit and development of family members in a functional way
    • Second Order Changes
      Once the key principle of transition process have been acknowledged the family now moves on to the various relationships
      Shifts involved in entering and proceeding developmentally through the next stage of the cycle
    • Family Life Cycle
    • The Unattached Young Adult
      Major tasks to master:
      Selection of a way of life
      Selection of a partner in life
      Emotional Process of Transition:
      Accepting parent-offspring differentiation
    • The Unattached Young Adult
      Second-Order Changes:
      Differentiation of self in relation to family of origin
      Development of intimate peer relationships
      Establishment of self in respect to work and financial independence
    • The Unattached Young Adult
      Problems encountered
      Medical
      Emotional
      Social
    • Family Life Cycle
    • Newly Married Couple
      Joining of families through marriage
      Emotional Process of Transition:
      Commitment to the new system
    • Newly Married Couple
      Second-Order Changes:
      Formation of the marital system
      Realignment of relationships with extended families and friends to include spouse
    • Newly Married Couple
      Problems encountered:
      Medical
      Emotional
      Social
    • Family Life Cycle
    • Family with Young Children
      Begins with the birth of the couple’s first child
      Emotional Process of Transition:
      Accepting new members into the system
    • Family with Young Children
      Second-Order Changes:
      Accepting marital system to make space for children
      Taking on parenting roles
      Realignment of relationship with extended family to include parenting and grandparenting roles.
    • Family with Young Children
      Problems encountered:
      Children
      Parents
      Grandparents
    • Family Life Cycle
    • Family with Adolescents
      Can be turbulent for both the adolescent and the family
      Emotional Process of Transition:
      Increasing flexibility of boundaries to include children’s independence
    • Family With Adolescents
      Second-Order Changes:
      Shifting of parent-child relationships to permit adolescent to move in and out of the system
      Refocus on midlife marital and career issues
      Beginning shift toward caring for the older generation
    • Family With Adolescents
      Problems encountered:
      Adolescents
      Parents
      Grandparents
    • Family Life Cycle
    • Launching Family
      Begins with the first child becoming a young adult and leaving home
      Ends with the empty nest as the last child leaves his or her family of origin
      Emotional Process of Transition:
      Accepting multitudes of entry and exits into the family system.
    • Launching Family
      Second-Order Changes:
      Renegotiation of marital system as a dyad
      Development of adult to adult relationships between parents and their grown children
      Re-alignment of relationships to include in-laws and grandchildren
      Dealing with disabilities and deaths of parents, or grandparents
    • Launching Family
      Problems encountered:
      Children
      Parents
      Grandparents
    • Family Life Cycle
    • The Family In Later Years
      During this final stage of the family life cycle, the elderly persons must accept the shifting of generational roles
      Children will create families of their own, be responsible for their own life decisions and play less active roles in the family circle in which they grew up
    • The Family in Later Years
      Emotional Process of Transition:
      Accepting of shifting of generational goals
    • The Family in Later Years
      Second Order Changes:
      Maintaining own or couple functioning and interests in face of physiologic decline: exploration of new familial and social options
      Support for more central role of middle generation
    • The Family in Later Years
      Second Order Changes:
      Making room in the system for the wisdom of the elderly , supporting the older generation without over-functioning for them
      Dealing with loss of spouse, siblings and other peers and preparation for death
    • Family in Later Years
      Problems encountered:
      Children
      Parents
      Grandparents
    • Family Life Cycle
    • The Life Cycle Approach
    • Family Life Cycle Approach
      Where in the life cycle are the three generations of this family?
      Are the life cycle stages in phase or out of phase?
      What developmental challenges predominate for the family?
      How are the relevant developmental challenges related to the presenting complaint?
    • Family Life Cycle Approach
      Where in the life cycle are the three generations of the family?
      What is happening to the parents?
      What is happening to the grandparents?
      What is happening to the children?
    • Family Life Cycle Approach
      Are the life cycle stages in phase or out of phase?
      Higher risk for physical and emotional symptoms
    • Family Life Cycle Approach
      What developmental challenges predominate for the family ?
    • Family Life Cycle Approach
      How are the relevant developmental challenges related to the presenting complaint?