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Post-Its and Placemarks

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Semantische Annotation, Geotagging und Georeferenzierung mittels Linked Data

Semantische Annotation, Geotagging und Georeferenzierung mittels Linked Data

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  • 1. Post Its & Placemarks Semantische Annotation, Geotagging und Georeferenzierung mittels Linked Data Rainer Simon Austrian Institute of Technology Bernhard Haslhofer Cornell University 10. Mai 2011 | Köln, Deutschland
  • 2.
    • Hintergrund
      • Europeana und das EuropeanaConnect Projekt
      • YUMA: Medienanntotation & Tagging in EuropeanaConnect
      • Szenario Landkartenannotation
    • Linked Data
      • Was ist Linked Data?
      • Wie publiziert man Daten als Linked Data?
    • Annotation von Landkarten mit YUMA Map
      • Semantische Annotation mit Linked Data
      • Georefenzierung mit YUMA Map
    • Zusammenfassung & Fazit
    Inhalt EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 3. Hintergrund EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 4. Europeana Connect EU Projekt Kernkomponenten für „Europas Digitale Bibliothek“ www.europeana.eu EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 5. Europeana | The European Cultural Heritage Web Portal EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 6. Europeana Connect | End-User Medienannotation
    • Basis für Wissensaustausch und Kommunikation
    • Anreiz für Besucher sich eingehender mit der Materie zu beschäftigen
    • Unterstützt community building
    • Erzeugt zusätzliche Metadaten für die Sammlungsobjekte
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 7. Europeana Connect | Annotation & Wissenschaftliche Arbeit
    • Annotation ist eine fundamentale Praktik in verschiedensten wissen- schaftlichen Disziplinen
    • Forscher organisieren und interpretieren Quellen mittels Annotationen und Notizen
    • Forscher teilen und tauschen Wissen durch Annotationen aus
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus by Romana Klee CC BY-SA 2.0
  • 8. YUMA | Y UMA U niversal M edia A nnotator
    • Zeichnen, Markieren, Notieren
    • auf Bildern, Audio, Video & Landkarten
    • Kommunizieren & Diskutieren
    • Teilen und Kommentieren von Annotationen
    • „ Folgen“ von Annotationen via RSS
    • Semantische Annotation
    • Endbenutzer als „Assistenten“ bei der Beschlagwortung der Inhalte
    • Datenvernetzung
      • Vernetzen von Annotationen mit relevanter Kontextinformation
      • Öffnen von Annotationsdaten zur externen Wiederverwendung
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 9. dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana http://www.dilibri.de/urn/urn:nbn:de:0128-1-11799 Mittelalterliche Waffen: Hellebarde, Morgenstern,… Johann Hofmann 1689 Köln! Rhein Festung v. Fort-Louis, Bas-Rhin, Frankreich
  • 10. Cologne Mehrsprachige Suche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 11. 科隆 Mehrsprachige Suche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 12. Hoffmannum, Iohannem Synonymsuche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 13. Geographische Suche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 14. “ Read more...”? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 15. “ Read more...”? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 16. “ Read more...”? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 17. Darstellungen mittelalterlicher Waffen? Flüsse in Deutschland, 17. Jh.? Festungsanlangen im Elsass? Komplexe Fragestellungen? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 18. Linked Data! EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 19.
    • Wissenschaftliche Daten, Publikationsdaten, Ereignisse, Nationale Statisiken, Wetterdaten, Persönliche Daten,…
    • Rohdaten – nicht (nur) Dokumente!
    http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web.html Linked Data | Vom Web der Dokumente zum Web der Daten EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 20.
    • Wissenschaftliche Daten, Publikationsdaten, Ereignisse, Nationale Statisiken, Wetterdaten, Persönliche Daten,…
    • Rohdaten – nicht (nur) Dokumente!
    • Datenvernetzung!
      • Entdecken von Mustern
      • Darstellen von Zusammenhängen
    • Eigene Ergebnisse anderen öffnen!
    http://www.ted.com/talks/ hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty.html Linked Data | Vom Web der Dokumente zum Web der Daten EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 21. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  • 22. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  • 23. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  • 24. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  • 25. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 26. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 27. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 28. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 29. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 30. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 31. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 32. Linked Data | Wie publiziert man Daten als Linked Data?
    • Use URIs as names for things
    • Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names
    • When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information , using the standards (RDF, SPARQL)
    • Include links to other URIs so that they can discover more things
    • Berners-Lee, T. (2006) Design Issues: Linked Data.
    • http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 33. URI? | Uniform Resource Identifier
    • “ a compact string of characters for identifying an abstract or physical resource”
    • In der IT-Praxis dienen URIs häufig zur Identifikation einer Ressource am Internet.
    • Eine URL (Uniform Resource Locator) ist eine URI die die Ressource und die Zugriffsmethode definiert, z.B.
    • http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Locator
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 34. RDF? | Resource Description Framework
    • Ein Modell zur Repräsentation von Daten am World Wide Web
    • Mehrere Statements (Triple) bilden einen Graphen
    Cologne Cathedral rdfs:label ケルン大聖堂 rdfs:label EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus Kölner Dom http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Cologne_Cathedral World Heritage Site http://dbpedia.org/ontology/WorldHeritageSite rdf:type POINT(6.958 50.9413) geo:geometry
  • 35. SPARQL? | SPARQL Protocol And Query Language
    • Query-Sprache und Protokoll für den Zugriff auf RDF Daten am Web
      • SELECT DISTINCT ?x
      • WHERE {?x rdf:type <http://dbpedia.org/ontology/WorldHeritageSite>}
      • LIMIT 10
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 36. Linked? Open? Data Project?
    • Open Data Die Philosophie oder der Grundsatz, Daten frei für jedermann zugänglich zu machen, ohne Einschränkungen durch Copyright, Patente, etc.
    • Linked Data Methode für das Publizieren, Verteilen und Verknüpfen von Daten mittels URIs und RDF
    • Linking Open Data Ein Community Projekt des World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), mit dem Ziel das Web um ein “Gemeingut” an Daten zu erweitern, durch publizieren offener Datensets als RDF und Setzen von Links zwischen Ressourcen in verschiedenen Datensets
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 37. Semantische Annotation auf Landkarten mit YUMA Map EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 38. dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana http://www.dilibri.de/urn/urn:nbn:de:0128-1-11799 Mittelalterliche Waffen: Hellebarde, Morgenstern,… Johann Hofmann 1689 Köln! Rhein Festung v. Fort-Louis, Bas-Rhin, Frankreich
  • 39. dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana http://www.dilibri.de/urn/urn:nbn:de:0128-1-11799 Johann Hofmann http://viaf.org/viaf/ 2541140/ http://dbpedia.org/ resource/Rhine http://sws.geonames.org/ 2886242/ http://sws.geonames.org/ 3017690/ http://annocultor.eu/ time/1689 http://dbpedia.org/ resource/Halberd http://dbpedia.org/ resource/Fortification / Festung v. Fort-Louis, Bas-Rhin, Frankreich Mittelalterliche Waffen: Hellebarde, Morgenstern,… 1689 Köln! Rhein
  • 40. Kölle Johann Hofmann viaf:2541140 Hellebarde dbpedia:Halberd Köln geonames:2886242 Rhein dbpedia:Rhine 1689 annocultor:1689 Deutschland geonames:2921044 gn:parentCountry owl:sameAs gn:alternateName xml:lang=&quot;ksh&quot; EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus dbpedia:category: Medieval_weapons dcterms:subject dbpedia:category: Rivers_of_Germany dbpedia:Germany dcterms:subject dbpedia-owl:country dbpedia-owl:River rdf:type 1629 rdaGr2:dateOfBirth rdaGr2:dateOfDeath 1698
  • 41. YUMA Map | Annotation (Video) EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 42. YUMA Map | Mehrsprachige Suche & Synonymsuche (Video) EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 43. Georeferenzierung EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 44. Georeferenzierung
    • Unterstützt beim Verständnis der Konstruktionsmethode
    • Kann auf verwendete Projektionen und Quelldaten hinweisen
    • Hilft bei Beurteilung der Genauigkeit
    • Voraussetzung für erweiterte Funktionen
      • Ortssuche
      • Kartenüberlagerung/-vergleich
      • geographische Suche,...
    • Kann kooperativ erfolgen!
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 45. YUMA Map | Georeferenzierung per Control Points EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 46.
  • 47. Georeferenzierung | Annotationsexport EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 48. http://dme.ait.ac.at/annotation Infos, Videos, Live Demo http://github.com/yuma-annotation Source code, Setup- und Entwicklerinformation [email_address] Für alles weitere… EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 49. Zusammenfassung
    • Annotation
      • Fundamentale Praktik in der wissenschaftlichen Forschung
    • Linked Data
      • Einfache Prinzipien für die Publikation von Daten am Web
      • Ermöglicht Vernetzung über Domänengrenzen!
      • Menge an (offenen) Datensets steigt!
    • YUMA
      • Annotation für Bilder, Audio, Video – und Landkarten!
      • Semantische Annotation mittels Linked Data
      • Georeferenzierung
      • Bereitstellen von Annotationsdaten als Linked Data
      • Erweiterte Suche: Mehrsprachig, Synonym-, Geo-Suche
    EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 50. It’s about people doing their bit, to produce a little bit, and it all connecting. That’s how Linked Data works. - Tim Berners-Lee EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 51. You may not have a lot of data which you have yourself to put on there, but you know to demand it. - Tim Berners-Lee EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  • 52. Danke für die Aufmerksamkeit! Fragen? [email_address] Bildquellen dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana Library of Congress – Discovery and Exploration Maps Österreichische Nationalbibliothek psdgraphics.com EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus