Public Knowledge Project


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Presentation made during the PKP Project 2007 Conference in Simon Fraser University, Vancouver about open access publishing at IRRI.

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Public Knowledge Project

  1. 1. Scholarly Publishing Initiatives at the International Rice Research Institute: Linking Users to Public Goods via Open Access Albert Borrero, Mila Ramos, Anna Arsenal, Katherine Lopez, & Gene Hettel International Rice Research Institute PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference Simon Fraser University Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 11-13 July 2007
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>About IRRI </li></ul><ul><li>The scenario </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for OA at IRRI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IRRI’s value chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivering knowledge for impact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Operationalizing OA </li></ul><ul><li>OA initiatives and cases </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps: towards equitable access </li></ul>
  3. 3. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) IFPRI Wash, DC USA CIMMYT Mexico City Mexico CIP Lima Peru CIAT Cali Colombia Africa Rice Center-WARDA Cotonou Benin ILRI Nairobi Kenya IITA Ibadan Nigeria IWMI Colombo Sri Lanka ICARDA Aleppo Syrian Arab Rep. ICRISAT Patancheru India IRRI Los Baños Philippines WorldFish Penang Malaysia CIFOR Bogor Indonesia World Agroforestry Nairobi Kenya Bioversity International Rome Italy
  4. 4. IRRI headquarters, Los Baños, Philippines
  5. 5. IRRI’s mission To reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers, and ensure environmental sustainability through collaborative research and partnerships.
  6. 6. The scenario <ul><li>Scientists at IRRI generate a huge volume of research results on rice and rice-related subject matter. </li></ul><ul><li>In rice research, there is a strong push to provide free open access to vital information resources in a variety of modes that are convenient to researchers located in both the developing and developed world. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The scenario <ul><li>IRRI has a role to play in </li></ul><ul><li>generating and disseminating </li></ul><ul><li>rice-related knowledge and </li></ul><ul><li>technology to help enhance </li></ul><ul><li>national rice systems </li></ul><ul><li>IRRI needs to expand its use of ICT for publishing, knowledge sharing, and training </li></ul><ul><li>Internet users in IRRI’s area of operation is only 8.1% in total (0.3% to 66.5%) </li></ul>
  8. 8. IRRI’s value chain
  9. 9. Partners in research-to-delivery value chain <ul><li>National agricultural research and extension system (NARES) </li></ul><ul><li>Networks and consortia (INGER, CPWF, GCP, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>CIMMYT and Africa Rice Center (WARDA) (sister centers in CGIAR) </li></ul><ul><li>Business community </li></ul><ul><li>Donors </li></ul>
  10. 10. Delivering knowledge for impact <ul><li>Goal 4: Bridging the knowledge gap in </li></ul><ul><li>rice research </li></ul><ul><li>To provide equitable access to information and knowledge on rice and help develop the next generation of rice scientists </li></ul>
  11. 11. IRRI’s competitive advantages <ul><li>Strong ICT infrastructure and capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Robust research and development through partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery of knowledge through scholarly communication and publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced impact channels and partnerships </li></ul>
  12. 12. The challenges <ul><li>Dwindling funding from donor community </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>OA readiness </li></ul>
  13. 13. Obstacles to free access <ul><li>“Serials crisis” </li></ul><ul><li>“Permissions crisis” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Table 1. Average prices/price changes of journals in scientific disciplines relevant to IRRI. <ul><li>Subject Average Price % of price changes </li></ul><ul><li>2005 (US$) 2006 (US$) (2001-05) (2002-06) </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture 799.00 890.00 37 41 </li></ul><ul><li>Biology 1,494.00 1,548.00 37 42 </li></ul><ul><li>Botany 1,109.00 1,238.00 36 41 </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry 2,868.00 3,254.00 34 34 </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering 1,683.00 1,756.00 38 35 </li></ul><ul><li>Food science 1,107.00 1,292.00 35 44 </li></ul><ul><li>Technology 1,460.00 1,560.00 38 35 </li></ul><ul><li>Zoology 1,053.00 1,259.00 28 29 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Internet-enabled population in IRRI Country sites (East Asia)
  16. 16. Internet-enabled population in IRRI Country sites (South Asia)
  17. 17. Internet-enabled population in IRRI Country sites (South East Asia)
  18. 18. Internet-enabled population in IRRI Country sites (Africa)
  19. 19. OA survey, 2007 <ul><li>More than half of respondents were not familiar with OA publishing or Creative Commons. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority expressed support for OA publishing initiatives in the Institute, but were also worried about lack of information about and funds for an OA program. </li></ul>
  20. 20. OA survey, 2007 <ul><li>Perceived roles: maintaining an institutional repository, facilitating access to online resources, promoting rice research to IRRI’s target audiences, building up content, providing access to rice research literature and journal articles, and publishing an OA journal. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional OA-related roles: getting management support, training staff, promoting OA, using open source systems, integrating institutional efforts, providing advice/information on legal and commercial aspects, and providing OA-related facilities for staff on the intranet portal. </li></ul>
  21. 21. IRRI’s structure for OA <ul><li>Communication and Publications Services (CPS) = publishing arm for disseminating research results </li></ul><ul><li>Library and Documentation Services (LDS) = archiving of rice-related literature for scientists and scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Training Center (TC) = training and capacity building of partners and promising young scientists </li></ul>
  22. 22. Importance of scholarly communication and training <ul><li>NARES partners = vital players in research-to-delivery value chain </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly communication = intrinsic component of the practice of scientific research, resulting in dissemination of various knowledge products and services </li></ul><ul><li>Training and capacity building = transfer of skills, methods, and technologies </li></ul>
  23. 23. Operationalizing OA at IRRI: Strategies for delivering knowledge for impact <ul><li>Strengthen partnerships with NARES </li></ul><ul><li>Scale up IRRI’s communication and training through electronic delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Promote OA among potential users, generators, and channels </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt OA policy; change copyright policy from “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved” </li></ul>
  24. 24. Strategies <ul><li>Create a global portal for rice knowledge = single interface from which users access ICT-based initiatives, Crop Science Information Resource, and Crop Systems Knowledge Bank (CSKB) </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt OA initiatives: institutional repository, online journal </li></ul>
  25. 25. OA initiatives at IRRI <ul><li>Rice Publications Archive ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Photobank ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Library Internet site ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Rice Knowledge Bank (RKB; ) </li></ul><ul><li>Rice Thesaurus </li></ul>
  26. 26. Library initiatives <ul><li>Developing a freely accessible online database of technical literature about rice; </li></ul><ul><li>Digitizing rice technical literature (e.g., pre-prints and post-prints) for wider sharing and preservation; </li></ul><ul><li>Generating metadata and linking to the full text of electronic journals and monographs; </li></ul><ul><li>Cataloging electronic resources, whether free or licensed, to further populate the online public access catalog (OPAC) and the rice database; </li></ul>
  27. 27. Library initiatives <ul><li>Providing public access to OA resources related to rice; </li></ul><ul><li>Linking through its Internet site ( ) to OA facilities such as the Directory of Open Access Journals ( ), Public Library of Science ( ), Scientific Electronic Library Online ( ), Free Full Text site ( ), etc.; </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a listing on its Internet site of freely available journals; </li></ul>
  28. 28. Library initiatives <ul><li>Promoting use of free online resources to IRRI staff on campus; </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating with partner libraries via the CGIAR Libraries and Information Services Consortium, which enables access to several additional e-journal titles; </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing content to the CG Virtual Library, a platform for access to free full-text publications of the CGIAR. </li></ul>
  29. 29. CPS initiatives: Democratizing ICT <ul><li>Rice Publications Archive = 1,000 titles = 150,000 pages; downloadable at no cost </li></ul><ul><li>IRRI Photobank = 1,000 images; also available in Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Impact: any one may now obtain, repurpose, distribute, and even modify content (self-service publishing) with proper attribution using Creative Commons licenses </li></ul>
  30. 30. CPS initiatives: Developing a universal language <ul><li>The Rice Thesaurus = a living database of rice-related vocabulary terms based on internationally accepted standard metadata element set and terminologies; now has almost 3,000 terms </li></ul>
  31. 31. Democratizing ICT <ul><li>How can IRRI’s knowledge products reach the right users at the right time? </li></ul><ul><li>- Use impact channels (partners in the middle of the chain, e.g., NARES partners) that have direct access to both technology and customer groups; option is to turn to desktop printing, CD/DVD, video, other emerging on-demand technologies </li></ul>
  32. 32. TC initiatives <ul><li>TC’s biz model: “training, train-the-trainer, and devolution of information and technical knowledge”; bridging the gap in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Strength: strong collaborative relationship with NARES partners </li></ul>
  33. 33. TC initiatives <ul><li>Rice Knowledge Bank (RKB) = a virtual university, computer-aided distance education </li></ul><ul><li>= online facility that offers Web-based decision tools, data sheets, e-learning modules, and other capacity building products </li></ul><ul><li>= supplement classroom-based group training </li></ul>
  34. 34. TC initiatives <ul><li>Localizing the RKB = adopting materials from main RKB site and localizing them to suit local rice-related conditions in Mekong </li></ul><ul><li>= faster technology transfer </li></ul><ul><li>= greater impact at grassroots level </li></ul><ul><li>= more sustainable </li></ul>
  35. 35. Toward equitable access to GPG: Next steps for IRRI <ul><li>Undertaking additional research to validate and investigate further the results of the June 2007 OA survey, to create a more solid baseline. </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting with Management and staff to clarify the parameters for implementing the copyright change policy, in relation to scholarly communication and publishing. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Toward equitable access to GPG: Next steps for IRRI <ul><li>Ascertaining the requirements of full OA adoption in scholarly communication and publishing, and determining availability of resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Launching an information campaign among IRRI staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating and measuring the level of readiness for OA adoption in scholarly communication and publishing across the value chain. </li></ul>