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TechNet Live spor 1   sesjon 5 - ms vdi overview
 

TechNet Live spor 1 sesjon 5 - ms vdi overview

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I denne sesjonen går vi gjennom og demonstrerer en VDI-løsning basert på Microsoft-teknologi. Her vil vi også snakke en del om Service Pack 1 til Windows 7 og Windows Server 2008 R2, med spesielt ...

I denne sesjonen går vi gjennom og demonstrerer en VDI-løsning basert på Microsoft-teknologi. Her vil vi også snakke en del om Service Pack 1 til Windows 7 og Windows Server 2008 R2, med spesielt fokus på Dynamic Memory i Hyper-V og RemoteFX, som begge er viktige teknologier for VDI.

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    TechNet Live spor 1   sesjon 5 - ms vdi overview TechNet Live spor 1 sesjon 5 - ms vdi overview Presentation Transcript

    • MS VDI OVERVIEWMorgan Simonsen, Atea
    • Agenda• VDI components• Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1: A VDI enabler• VDI Security
    • Introducing Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1• One service pack for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2• Availability: – Windows Update – Slipstream – Download• Two major changes: – Hyper-V Dynamic Memory – RemoteFX
    • RemoteFX & DynamicMemory
    • RemoteFX• RemoteFX based on IP aquired by Microsoft when they bought Calista Technologies• RemoteFX is not a stand-alone product but an addition to existing RDP technologies• RemoteFX’s most prominent feature is graphics virtualization – GPUs present in the server will be virtualized and shared across multiple virtual desktops• RemoteFX enables user to: – Work remotely in a Windows Aero desktop environment – Watch full-motion video – Enjoy Silverlight animations – Run 3D applications• RemoteFX works for both virtual and session based desktops – Session Based desktops do not use GPU virtualization• RemoteFX also provides generic USB virtualization
    • RemoteFX Requirements• Only supported on Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 and Windows 7 SP1• The CPU in the RemoteFX server must support Second-Level Address Translation (SLAT) – Intel: Extended Page Tables (EPT) – AMD: Nested Page Tables (NPT)• Service Pack 1: – The RemoteFX server (RDP or Hyper-V) must have Service Pack 1 – If VDI; the VM must have Service Pack 1 – The client must have Service Pack 1• VDI: – VM Memory: Windows 7 x86: at least 1024 MB/Windows 7 x64: at least 2048 MB – Windows 7 VM must be Enterprise or Ultimate• RemoteFX is optimized for LAN speeds – You must select the LAN connection type to get a session that uses RemoteFX. If you select any other connection type, your session will not be optimized for the LAN and will not use the RemoteFX 3D adapter
    • RemoteFX Requirements - GPU• GPU - At least one graphics processing unit (GPU) is required on the RemoteFX server – The GPU driver must support DirectX 9.0c and DirectX 10.0. – If more than one GPU is installed in the RemoteFX server, the GPUs must be identical. – The GPU must have sufficient dedicated video memory that is separate from system memory – For Hyper-V Live Migration the servers must use the same GPU and driver• Any GPUs with an XDDM driver must be disabled – This includes onboard management adapters used for KVM over IP
    • RemoteFX Requirements - Misc• RemoteFX for RD Session Host server hardware requirements – If you are using RemoteFX on an RD Session Host server, the processor on the RD Session Host server must support Streaming SIMD Extensions (SSE2).• The RemoteFX encoder (ASIC) is optional and can be installed for additional scalability on the RemoteFX server – The hardware encoder card must be installed in an x4 speed PCI-express slot or greater.
    • Enabling RemoteFX on a Remote Desktop Session Host• Set the maximum color depth to 32 bits per pixel – Group Policy: Computer ConfigurationPoliciesAdministrative TemplatesWindows ComponentsRemote Desktop ServicesRemote Desktop Session HostRemote Session EnvironmentLimit maximum color depth• Enable RemoteFX compression – Regsitry: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESoftwarePoliciesMicrosoft Windows NTTerminal ServicesfAllowRemoteFXCompression
    • RemoteFX Clients• RemoteFX requires RDP 7.1 (Windows 7)• RemoteFX supports/will support: – Rich clients – Thin clients – Ultra-thin clients• A new version of the RDP client will be released• Down-level support is not yet determined
    • RemoteFX Recommendations• Enable Hyperthreading in BIOS of Hyper-V server• Ensure you are using a LAN connection with at least 10Mbps and less than 20 ms latency• Set the RemoteFX screen capture rate to the highest (best) value by using Group Policy• Enable Windows Aero in the VM• Use the LAN option in Remote Desktop Connection – If not; RemoteFX will not be used
    • Dynamic Memory• Memory management enhancement for Hyper-V – Enables Hyper-V administrators to pool available memory on a physical host and dynamically distribute it to any virtual machine(s) running on that host. – As the workloads on that physical workload change, requiring more or less memory, Dynamic Memory will let administrators change the memory allocation to their VMs without service interruption• Not like VMWare’s overcommit; you still cannot allocate more memory than you physically have• Uses baloon-driver
    • REMOTEFX/DYNAMICMEMORY DEMO
    • The Microsoft VDI Technology Stack Partner Enterprise PartnersTechnology Deployments such as User Profiles Roaming Profiles and Data Folder Redirection Application Delivery VDI Suites Desktop and Session Delivery Virtualizatio n Platform
    • Windows Server 2008 R2: The core of VDI - Remote Desktop Services and VDI Architecture System RD Session Center and RD Web Host with App-V Access RemoteAppRD Client RD Connection RD Gateway Broker RD Virtualization Host Active Licensing Directory® Server
    • Windows Server 2008 R2: Why Sessions?• Session Virtualization scales more users per server than VDI• App-V works in both VDI and Sessions• The same RDP connection protocol is used in both• Much of the service infrastructure is shared• Upsides for VDI: – VDI offers better user operating system isolation – VDI has better native application compatibility – VDI allows users to be admins of their own images• Upsides for Session Virtualization: – Session Virtualization requires less hardware than VDI – Sessions are cheaper than VDI desktops – Server management is less than VDI Remote Desktop Services enables both session virtualization and VDI!
    • Windows Server 2008 R2: Desktop Centralization Choices• Windows Server 2008 R2 Session • Windows 7 Desktop or Virtualization Virtual Desktop (VDI)
    • VDI Guest VM Considerations Deployment Choices • Provides virtual machine-based, centralized desktops for individualPersonal users that can be fully customized based on user profiles Virtual • Allows users to perform specialized tasks that require administrator access to their desktopDesktop • Enables users to access their personalized desktop from any computer while retaining the last saved state • Provides virtual machine-based, centralized desktop based on aPooled pool of virtual machines that are shared by multiple users • Allows users to perform standardized routine tasks and have access Virtual to common applications (such as Microsoft Office)Desktop • Rolls back the state upon logoff to provide a “clean” desktop for the next user’s session, but the previous user’s state can be saved offline
    • Guest VM Considerations The case for Personal Virtual Desktops Its all about the user• Specifically suits knowledge workers (typical office worker profile)• Those that walk away/disconnect and then want to reconnect Considerations:• Assign image through Active Directory Users and Computers• Provide an individual dedicated image per user – Minimize image duplication using SAN de-duplication if image storage is a concern• Minimize direct image management – Roaming Profiles – Folder redirection – Utilize Application Virtualization (App-V) or RemoteApp for application delivery and servicing• Service the operating system with your enterprise management tools and leverage single tooling Result: Easier to manage, more personalized and integrated with current tools
    • Guest VM ConsiderationsThe case for Pooled Virtual Desktops Its all about the user • Specifically suits task workers (typical call center profile) • User logs off, the VM resets and then just connect to the next VM to use applications Considerations: • Same scenario can also be delivered through Session Virtualization, and cheaper • User just connects to pool of VM’s through the Broker • Clustering generally doesn’t matter • With Citrix, the SAN doesn’t even matter • Minimize direct image management – Roaming Profiles – Folder redirection – Utilize Application Virtualization (App-V) for application delivery and servicing • Guest VM Operating System updates can be very painful • If pooled is the best choice for you, ensure you consider Citrix XenDesktop on Hyper-V – Also consider RDSH as this provides similar scenario support and scales better Result: Potentially less complicated, but less personalized and more difficult to manage
    • Guest VM Considerations Why can Pooled be difficult? Will a single master image and separation of the user state with linked clones work?• What happens when you need to service the image? Can the user state differencing tolerate change of the master image? When the Master Image needs to be serviced the corresponding linked clone suffers a catastrophic break• Solution is to duplicate the master, update it and create new pool with new linked clones• This is required every time a single master is updated with • Operating System patches • Anti-malware Updates • Anything else on the OS
    • Guest VM Considerations Why can Pooled be difficult?Will a single master image and separation of the user statewith linked clones work? – Customer reports are highlighting that updating single master/linked image desktops without pool recreation aren’t working as expected – Nasty corruption problems – Some customers switching from pooled to PVD • Bad story: switching and leaving the linked clone architecture in place • However: Citrix XenDesktop on Hyper-V does the pooled model very well with its provisioning server
    • Building the Base What do I need to start?• Hardware required: – One or two appropriately specified servers for the number of users required • Example: – Preferably dual quad Nehalem or equivalent AMD based processor – Optional: Second server purely for client VM’s – 16-32GB or more of RAM – RAID 5 (preferably RAID 0+1) disk subsystem – One or more hardware clients (to the scale of the POC)• Software required – VDI Standard Suite and/or: – One Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise – Optional: HYPER-V Server 2008 R2 – One or more copies of Windows 7 Enterprise Edition – Any applications required (Microsoft Office etc) – Add App-V or SCCM for rapid application management and delivery – Add System Center Virtual Machine Manager for improved VM management• Configuration details available at: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd941616(WS.10).aspx
    • VDI USER EXPERIENCE
    • More information• Microsoft TechNet Remote Desktop guides• Microsoft Infrastructure Planning and Design (IPM) Guides• Microsoft Answers ™• Citrix: Ask the Architect• www.v-alliance.net• www.citrixandmicrosoft.com